Glossary of Experiential Education Terms
Assistant: “Nontenured employment position in higher education as an aide to one or more faculty members as either a ‘teaching assistant’ or a ‘research assistant.’ Such positions or ‘assistantships’ pay modest salaries through the academic year and are often awarded as financial aid to graduate students.” (Hawes & Hawes, 1982).
Clinical experience/fieldwork experience: Entails the practice of learned didactic and experiential skills in a health care setting under the supervision of a credentialed practitioner. Contributor: Joyce Mac Kinnon
Cooperative Program: “Special program offered by a college and university in which students alternate work and study, usually spending a number of weeks in full-time study and a number in full-time employment away from the campus.” (Hawes & Hawes, 1982).
Experiential Education: “Any form of education that emphasizes personal experience of the learner rather than learning from lectures, books, and other second-hand sources.” (McBrien & Brandt, 1997).
Field Work: “In higher education, research carried out away from the institution and in direct contact with the people, natural phenomena, or other entities being studied; especially frequent in fields including anthropology, archaeology, sociology, earth sciences, and environmental studies.” (Hawes & Hawes, 1982).
Internship: “Short-term , supervised work experience in a student’s field of interest for which the student may earn academic credit. Work can be part-time or full-time, paid or unpaid, on or off campus.” (Hawes & Hawes, 1982).
Parallel Experience: A form of cooperative education in which students simultaneously attend classes part-time and work part-time (15-20 hrs. per week) during consecutive school semesters. (National Association of Colleges and Employers Website)
Practicum: “1. A course or student exercise involving practical experience as well as theoretical study. 2. Supervised experience in counseling as part of professional preservice education of counselors.” (Hawes & Hawes, 1982).
Service Learning: Service learning is defined as a “course-based, credit-bearing educational experience in which students (a) participate in an organized service activity that meets identified community needs and (b) reflect on the service activity in such a way as to gain further understanding of course content, a broader appreciation of the discipline, and an enhanced sense of civic responsibility” (Bringle & Hatcher, 1995).
Student Jobs/Non-Work-Study: Through the Job Location and Development (JLD) program, student/non-work-study jobs are located and developed for non-degreed off-campus employment opportunities for
students during and between periods of academic enrollment. Student/non-work-study jobs allow students to earn money for educational and living expenses. Positions are located developed in a wide variety of sectors and include part-time, as well as, full-time job opportunities. Job opportunities can relate to students’ major and career interests, provide work experience, and/or benefits such as tuition assistance. Placement of students in jobs located & developed by the JLD program are reported to the federal government. Contributor: Danielle Boreczky (274-0863)
Student Teacher: “A student in professional teacher education who is gaining required experience in supervised teaching.” (Hawes & Hawes, 1982).
Student Work-Study Jobs: Work-Study jobs are federally funded through the Financial Aid program. The purpose of work-study jobs are to promote and provide part-time employment for students who are
enrolled as undergraduate, graduate, or professional students who are in need of earnings from employment to pursue courses of academic study. These positions encourage students to work in community service-related activities on the campus, in community service or nonprofit organizations, or in Federal, State or Local public agencies. Work-study positions can be related to a student’s major or career interests. Contributor: Danielle Boreczky (274-0863)
Bringle, R.G., & Hatcher, J.A. (1995). A service-learning curriculum for faculty. Michigan Journal
of Community Service Learning, 2, 112-122. Contributor: Bob Bringle (278-2370)
Hawes, Gene R. & Hawes, Lynne Salop (1982). The concise dictionary of education. Van Nostrand
Reinhold Company. New York, NY.
McBrien, J. Lynn & Brandt, Ronald S. (1997). The language of learning: A guide to education terms.
Association For Supervision and Curriculum Development. Alexandria, VA.