Bibliography of Peirce's References

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For Peirce's references preference is given to the edition he is most likely to have used, based on a variety of evidence like library charging records, book lists made by him, and clues from his correspondence. It should be noted, however, that a reconstruction of Peirce's library is still in its infancy and that the list is provisional. Much work in this area has been done by José Vericat, who also assisted with the bibliography given below.

The bibliographical entries are divided into three categories. First, items for which there is no evidence that Peirce owned them, but which he had in his physical possession at some point in time as evidenced by library charging records or correspondence. Items in this category are labeled "Consulted."

Second, items that Peirce owned or considered part of his personal library. The main evidence for this category is the several lists Peirce composed of the books he owned (e.g., R 1556, 1557, 1559) and library cards of his personal library (R 1596). Although these lists include books of which Peirce was not strictly the owner, that they are listed suggests that they have been in his physical possession for a prolonged period of time. Entries falling in this second category are labeled "Library." When there is evidence pointing to the actual copy owned by Peirce, like an autograph, marginalia in Peirce's hand, or testimony by third parties, an asterisk is added. Third party evidence includes the books reported as "Gift of Mrs. Peirce" in Widener Library Old Cards and Widener Library Shelf Lists, the books listed by Johns Hopkins University as sold to them by Peirce, and the books listed by Mrs. James Bryce of Milford.

Books that are not listed by Peirce, and for which there is no evidence that Peirce owned them, remain unlabeled. For this last group preference is given to the edition that seems to have been most currently available at the time.


Aristotle. Opera. Edidit Academia regia Borussica. 5 vols. Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1831[-70]. (Library; also owned the 1489 Omnia opera.)

------. Organon. Translated by O. F. Owen. 2 vols. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853. (Library.)


Bacon, Francis. Novum Organum; or, True Suggestions for the Interpretation of Nature. Translated by Andrew Johnson. London: Bell & Daldy, 1859. (Library; also owned the 1665 Opera omnia.)

Berkeley, George. The Works of George Berkeley. 4 vols. Edited by Alexander Campbell Fraser. Oxford: Clarendon, 1871. (Library.)

Blundeville, Thomas. The Arte of Logicke. Plainly Taught in the English Tongue, by M. Blundeuil of Newton Flotman in Norfolke, aswell According to the Doctrine of Aristotle, as of all Other Moderne and Best Accounted Authors thereof. London: printed by William Stansby, and are to be sold by M. Lownes, 1619. (Library*.)

Boole, George. The Mathematical Analysis of Logic, being an Essay towards a Calculus of Deductive Reasoning. Cambridge: Macmillan, Barclay and McMillan, 1847.

------. An Investigation of the Laws of Thought, on which are Founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities. London: Walton and Maberly, 1854. (Consulted.)

Butler, Joseph. The Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed to the Constitution and Course of Nature, to which are Added two Brief Sermons: I. On Personal Identity. II. On the Nature of Virtue. With a preface by Samuel Halifax. New edition. London: G. Bohn, 1852. (Library.)


Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Translation by Henry Beveridge. 3 vols. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1845-1846.

Cantor, Georg. "Über Verschiedene Theoreme aus der Theorie der Punktmengen in einem n --fach ausgedehnten stetigen Raume G n." Acta Mathematica 7 (1885): 105-124.

Clarke, Alexander Ross. Geodesy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1880.

Collins, F. Howard. Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1889. (Library.)

Comte, Auguste. Cours de philosophie positive. 6 vols. Paris/New York: Bachelier, 1864. (Consulted.)


Descartes, René. Oeuvres choisies. New ed. Paris: Garnier Frères, libraires-éditeurs, 1865. (Library*; also owned the 1650 Opera philosophica.)

Diogenes Laertius. The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers. Translated by C. D. Yonge. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1853. (Library; also owned a 1692 Greek-Latin edition.)

Duns Scotus, John. Quætiones quolibetales ex quatuor voluminibus scripti Oxoniensis. Edited by Salvator Bartholutius. 8 vols. in 4. Venetiis: apud Hæredes Melchioris Sessæ, 1580. (Library*; also owned a 1477, 1481, 1609, and a 1639 edition.)


Eck, Johann. In summulas Petri Hispani extemporaria et succincta explanatio; sed succosa explanatio. Augusta Vindelicorum: Ex officina Millerane, 1516. (Library*.)

Euclid. Elementa. (Opera omnia Vols. I-IV. Libri I-XIII.) Greek, with Latin translation. Edited by I. L. Heiberg. Lipsiae: B. G. Teubner, 1883-85. (Library; also owned 1570, 1651, and 1752 edition of the Elements.)


Faraday, Michael. Experimental Researches in Electricity. 3 vols. London: R. and J. E. Taylor, 1849-1855. (Consulted volume one.)

Fizeau, Armand. "Tableau des dilatations par la chaleur de divers corps simples métalliques ou non métalliques, et de quelques composés hydrogénés du carbone." Comte Rendu des Séances de L'Academie des Sciences 68 (1869): 1125-31.

Foster, Michael. A Textbook of Physiology. 3rd. revised ed. London: Macmillan and Co., 1879. (Library.)


Galilei, Galileo. Le opere de Galileo Galilei. Prima edizione completa, condotta sugli autentici manoscritti palatini. 15 vols. in 16. Firenze: Societa Editrice Fiorentina, 1842-56. (Library*.)

Gauss, Carl Friedrich. Disquisitiones arithmeticae. Leipzig: G. Fleischer, 1801. (Library.)

------. Werke. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1900.

George, Henry. Progress and Poverty. An Inquiry into the Causes of Industrial Depression and of Increase of Want with Increase of Wealth. The Remedy by Henry George. London: William Reeves, 1882.

Green, George. "Researches on the Vibrations of Pendulums in Fluid Media." Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 13 (1836): 54-62.

Gurney, Edmund, Frederic W. H. Myers, and Frank Podmore. Phantasms of the Living. London: Trubner and Co., 1886. (Library.)


Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Encyklopaedie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse. 2nd ed. Heidelberg: August Osswald, 1827. (Library*.)

Helmert, Friedrich Robert. Die mathematischen und physikalischen Theorien der höheren Geodäsie. 2 vols. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1880. (Library.)

Huygens, Christiaan. Horologium oscillatorium, sive, De motu pendulorum ad horologia aptato demonstrationes geometricae. Parisiis: Apud F. Muguet, 1673. (Library.)


Jevons, William Stanley. "On the Mechanical Performance of Logical Inference." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 160 (1870): 497-518.


Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. Edited by M. D. Meiklejohn. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1855. (Library*.)

Khayyam, Omar. Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam in English Verse. Translator Edward Fitzgerald. New York and Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1888. (Library*.)

Klein, Felix. "Eine neue Relation zwischen den Singularitäten einer algebraischen Curve." Mathematische Annalen 10 (1876): 199-209. (Library.)


Langley, Alfred G. "Leibnitz's Critique of Locke." The Journal of Speculative Philosophy 19 (1885): 275-299.

Legendre, Adrien Marie. Essai sur la Théorie des Nombres. Paris: 1794.


Marquand, Allan. "A Machine for Producing Syllogistic Variations." In Studies in Logic. By Members of the Johns Hopkins University, 12-15. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1883. [Edited by Peirce.] (Library*.)

McColl, Hugh. "The Calculus of Equivalent Statements (Second Paper)." Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society 9 (1878): 177-86.

------. "Symbolical Reasoning." Mind 5 (1880): pp. 45-60. (Library*.)

Mill, John Stuart. A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive. Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence, and the Methods of Scientific Investigation. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1886. (Library*.)

Mitchell, Oscar Howard. "On a New Algebra of Logic." Studies in Logic. By Members of the Johns Hopkins University, 72-106. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1883. [Edited by Peirce.] (Library*.)


Newton, Isaac. Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica. New edition by Thomas Le Seur, and Franciscus Jacquier. 2 vols. in 1. Glasuaem: T. T. and J. Tegg, 1833. (Library*.)

Noel, E. The Science of Metrology; or, Natural Weights and Measures. A Challenge to the Metric System. London: Edward Stanford, 1889. (Library*.)


Peirce, Benjamin. Linear Associative Algebra. Read before the National Academy of Sciences. New Edition, with Addenda and Notes by C. S. Peirce, Son of the Author. New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1882. (Library.)

Petrus Hispanus. Compendiarius parvorum logicalium liber continens perutiles Petri Hispani tractatus priores sex & clarissimi philosophi Marsilij dialectices documenta: cum utilissimis commetarijs: per virum preclarum Chunradum Pschlacher. Vienne: 1512. (Library*.)

Phoenix, John [pseud.] (George Horatio Derby). Phoenixiana; or, Sketches and Burlesques. 8th ed. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1856. (Library.)

Plato. The Works of Plato. A New Literal Version, Chiefly from the Text of Stallbaum. Translated by Cary, Davis, and Burges. 6 vols. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1851-55. (Library*.)


Quetelet, Lambert Adolphe. Théorie des Probabilités. Bruxelles: A. Jamar, 1853. (Consulted.)


Shakespeare, William. The Works of William Shakespeare. Edited by Richard Grant White. 12 vols. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1857-65. (Library*.)

Spencer, Herbert. Essays, Scientific, Political and Speculative. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, 1858.

------. First Principles. 1st ed. London: Williams and Norgate, 1862. (Library.)

------. The Principles of Biology. 2 vols. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1864-67.

Stock, St. George. Deductive Logic. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1889. (Library*.)

Stokes, George Gabriel. "On the Variation of Gravity at the Surface of the Earth." Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 8 (1849): 672-95.

Studies in Logic. By Members of the Johns Hopkins University. Edited by Charles S. Peirce. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1883. (Library*.)

Swift, Jonathan. Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, by Lemuel Gulliver. Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, [n.d.]. (Consulted.)


Tait, Peter Guthrie. Sketch of Thermodynamics. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1877.

Tetens, Johan Nicolai. Philosophische Versuche über die menschliche Natur und ihre Entwickelung. Leipzig: M. G. Weidmanns Erben und Reich, 1777.

The Thousand and One Nights, Commonly Called, in England, The Arabian Nights' Entertainments. A new translation from the Arabic with notes, by Edward William Lane. Illustrated by W. Harvey. 3 vols. London: Charles Knight & Co., 1840-41. (Consulted.)

Thomas Aquinas. Divi Thomae Aquinatis ordinis praedicatorum, doctoris angelici, secundum scriptum appellatum, Super quatuor libros Sententiarium, ad Hannibaldum Hannibaldensem. Nunc primum in lucem æditum cum duobus indicibus copiosissimis, & quibusdam scholijs in margine additis. Romae: Vincentius Luchinus excudebat, 1560. (Library*.)

------. Quaestiones de duodecim quodlibet. Nurmberg: Johann Sensenschmidt and Andreas Frisner, 1474. (Library*.)

Thomson, Sir William. Popular Lectures and Addresses. 3 vols. London: MacMillian & Co., 1889.

Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 10 (April 1890). Edinburgh: Robert Grant and Son.

Tupper, Martin Farquhar. Proverbial Philosophy, in Four Series: Now First Complete Including the Fiftieth Edition of the Two First Series. London: E. Moxon & Son, [1880?].


"Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik." Mitteilungen der Verlagsbuchhandlung B. G. Teubner in Leipzig 3 (June 1886), pp. 44-45.


Weismann, August. Essays upon Heredity and Kindred Biological Problems. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1889.

Whewell, William. Novum organon renovatum. 3rd ed. London: John W. Parker and Son, 1858.

Wüllner, Adolph. Lehrbuch der Experimentalphysik. 4 vols. B. G. Leipzig: Teubner, 1875.


Young, Thomas. A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts. London: Printed for J. Johnson by W. Savage, 1807.


Zöllner, Johann. Transcendental Physics: An Account of Experimental Investigations. From the Scientific Treatises of Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner. Translated from the German, with a preface and appendices, by Charles Carlton Massey. 2nd. edition. London: W. H. Harrison, 1882.