1334. [Adirondack Summer School Lectures]
A. MS., two notebooks, G-1905-5.
Notebook I (pp. 1-48) published, in part, as 1.284 (pp.
35-36). Unpublished: the classification of both men
and the sciences in terms of prattospude (discovery
for the sake of doing), taxospude (discovery for the
sake of applying knowledge), heurospude (discovery
for the sake of discovery). The three divisions of
heurospude or pure science become mathematics, philosophy,
and idioscopy. The dependence of the special sciences
on philosophy: CSP's disagreement with the empirical
philosophers, e.g., Comte and his followers, who make
philosophy dependent upon the special sciences. The
principles of common sense are indubitable; it is impossible
to be consistently dissatisfied with them. The normative
sciences. Esthetics, or axiagastics, treats of the
ultimate aim, or the sammum bonum. The relationship
of ethics to esthetics. Ethics as the science of self-control
has the double task of describing the operation of
self-control (but not in psychological terms) and determining
the conditions to which conduct must conform in order
to be right. The second of the two tasks belongs to
critical ethics which is distinguished from casuistry
by reason of its avoidance of specific cases. Logic
as an application of ethics to the realm of thought
and as a science of signs. Logic is more than the theory
of the relation of symbols to their object; it stands
as the general theory of signs of all kinds. Notebook
II (pp. 49-59): doctrine of signs (continued). The
branches of logic: stecheology, logical critic, and
methodeutic. Tritocenoscopy and taxospude.
1335. The Categories studied with reference to the English
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 3 pp.; plus another 3 pp. of an
outline for the general classification of the sciences.
The sciences are most successfully classified on the
basis of their logical dependence upon each other and
their degree of specialization. Mathematics is highest
on the scale of generality.
1336. Philosophy in the Light of the Logic of Relatives
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-13, unfinished.
Classification of the sciences. Some of the ways in
which CSP's classification differs from Comte's. The
relationship between metaphysics and logic, on the
one hand, and between metaphysics and psychics, on
1337. History of Science from Copernicus to Newton
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 9 pp., unfinished. The classification
of the sciences. The division of the sciences into
physics and psychics.
A. MS., n.p., [c.1905-06], pp. 1-41, unfinished or incomplete,
with pp. 18-19 missing and with fragments (possibly
from another draft).
The entire manuscript, with the exception of some clearly
marked pages concerned with Wundt on the versos, deals
with the classification of the sciences. CSP sets out
to clarify his Monist article of April 1905 (G-1905-1a).
1339. A Suggested Classification of the Sciences
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-13; 1-6.
Some of the ways in which CSP's scheme differs from
other schemes. CSP's point of departure is Comte. Division
of science into its theoretical and practical parts.
CSP calls for criticism, especially from taxonomists.
1340. [An Outline of the Classification of the Sciences]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 1 double page (2 pp.); plus 2 pp.
of an earlier attempt.
1341. Chapter I. Of the Classification of the Sciences
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-19, with a discarded p. 7.
Traditional classifications of the sciences: Plato's,
Capella's, the Seven Liberal Arts of the Roman Schools,
Schemes of the Medieval University, Bacon's.
1342. Chapter II. Of the Place of Logic among the Sciences
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-3, with 3 pp. of variants;
pp. 2-3, with one discarded page, of another attempt.
Logic is a science. Before science can be characterized
as "serious inquiry" (not systematized knowledge),
several well-known facts must be digested, e.g., that
we all have beliefs, that we are under a compulsion
to believe what we do believe, etc.
1343. Of the Classification of the Sciences. Second
Paper. Of the Practical Sciences (Classification of
A. MS., G-c.1902-5, pp. 1-103, unfinished; plus 90 pp.
of other drafts.
Published, in part, in the following order: 7.53-57,
7.381n19, and 7.58 (pages 4-10, 21, 23, 75-76). Omitted:
a discussion of different systems of classifying the
sciences. Every natural classification is based on
the purpose or quasi-purpose of the objects classified.
Purpose has its root in desire. And every desire is
a phase of instinct. A good classification of the instincts
affords a key to purposes in general and to scientific
purposes in particular. Elaborate classification of
1344. Abstract of Logic-Book. Introduction. Section
1. The Classification of the Sciences (Abstract)
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 4-29, 4, 11, 20-21, with 4 other
discarded pp. and 2 pp. (pp. X and 3) the title of
which is "Abstract of a Memoir 'On the Logic of
Drawing History from Ancient Documents, especially
from Testimonies'" (Abstract).
1345. On the Classification of the Sciences
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 36 pp.; plus 3 pp. ("Synopsis
of Logic. Chapter I. The Place of Philosophy among
the Sciences") and 4 pp. ("Chapter I. Of
the Place of Philosophy among the Sciences").
Threefold division of mathematics, empirics and pragmatics.
Mathematics as the study of ideal forms or constructions;
empirics as the study of phenomena for the purpose
of correlating their forms with those studied by mathematics;
pragmatics as the study of how we ought to behave in
light of the truths of experience derived from empirics.
The subdivision of empirics into philos-ophy, nomology,
and episcopy. The subdivision of pragmatics into ethics,
arts, and policy.
1346. [On the Classification of the Sciences]
A. MS., notebook, n.p., n.d.
Brief notes on the classification of the sciences.
* 1347. [Fragments on Classification]
A. MS., n.p., 1892 and n.d., 22 pp.
One page is dated February 13, 1892. But all the pages
are concerned with classification, especially the classification
of the sciences. Some of these pages may be notes or
worksheets for CSP's projected Thesaurus.