1099. Questions on William James's Principles of Psychology
A. MS., notebook, G-c. 1891-l .
Forty-five questions relating to Volume I of James's
Principles of Psychology. Questions 3, 5, 12, 14, 21-23,
29-33, 36, 41-42 were published: 8.72-90.
1100. On Small Differences of Sensation (with J. Jastrow)
TS., G-1884-10, pp. 1-15, incomplete, with l p. (unnumbered)
and 2 duplicates; plus a reprint (National Academy
of Science, Vol. III, 1884, pp. 3-11), corrected by
Published as 7.21-35, with corrections from the reprint.
1101. Our Senses as Reasoning Machines
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-5, incomplete, with 7 pp.
of fragments and some logical and mathematical notes
on versos of some of these pages.
Instinct and reasoning. Can machines be said to reason?
CSP replies that they can't; they proceed only by a
rule of thumb. Quasi-inferential processes of sense.
1102. [On Sensation]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-3; plus 1 p.
Each of our sensations has a quality of its own.
1103. Immediate Perception
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 6 pp.
Sir W. Hamilton's definition of "common sense"
stated, with CSP's criticism added. Application to
the theory of perception.
* 1104. On a New Class of Observations, suggested by
the principles of Logic
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 5 pp.
Two metaphysical theories concerning sensation. CSP
accepts the position that, although the differences
between sensations can never be covered by a general
description, indefinite progress toward such a description
may be made.
1105. C. S. Peirce's Analysis of Creation and Analysis
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 10 pp. of several starts.
How can a modification of consciousness be produced?
How can abstraction become a modification of consciousness?
Abstraction combined with the manifold of sensation
by means of expression. Expression as the first condition
of creation. The necessity of expression. The regulation
of language; the means by which meaning enters into
language. Examples of the necessity of regulation.
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-12.
An attempt to define "consciousness." CSP
recognizes three meanings of the word (excluding the
nonphilosophical usage which occurs when a person who
comes out of a faint is said to have recovered consciousness).
The three meanings reflect the three categories: feeling
(Firstness), effort (Secondness), and thought (Thirdness).
In regard to the second mode of consciousness, CSP
distinguishes the active species from the passive (or
1107. [Forms of Consciousness]
A. MS., G-undated-9, pp. 1-16.
Published in entirety as 7.539-552.
1108. [Will-Reaction; Mind (Self, Ego)]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 1 p. and 1 p.
1109. [Feeling, Reaction, Thought; Continuity]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 5 pp.
Thought can be reduced neither to qualities of feeling
nor reactions. It is characterized by generality and
continuity. Generality of meaning as a special aspect
1110. [The Threefold Division of Mind]
A. MS., Gundated-9, pp. 1-6, with a variant p. 5; plus
Early draft of MS. 1107. Published, in part, as 7.540n8
1111. [The Threefold Division of Mind]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-6.
Feeling, will, and knowledge. Each is analyzed in terms
of the categories.
1112. [Fragment on Consciousness and Reasoning]
A. MS., G-undated-14, 3 pp.
Published in entirety as 7.553.
1113. [Fragment on Consciousness and Reasoning]
A. MS., G-undated-14, 4 pp.
Published, in part, as 7.554. Omitted: CSP's discussion
of the aptness of a metaphor that he employed in the
1114. [Fragment on Imagination, Sensation, and Muscular
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 3 pp.; plus 1 p. of another draft.
1115. [Psychology and the Analysis of Feeling]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 1 p.; plus 1 p. on the spatial continuity
1116. Analysis of the Ego
A. MS., n.p., early, 11 pp., incomplete.
How does anything existent exist? Or, what are the conditions
of subjectivity? Subject is what it is by virtue of
an incarnation of a predicate. It is by quality that
substance in general exists. Incarnation as a combination
of carnification and materiafication.
1117. On Brain-Forcing
TS., n.p., n.d., 2 pp.
Introductory pages on the problem of how to develop
a young brain, ripen the adult one, and preserve it
in old age. CSP touches on the question of genius.
1118. [Fragments on the Question of Genius]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 4 pp. and 5 pp.
1119. [Worksheets for Studies in Great Men]
A. MS., n.p., [c.1883], a model form and 50 of these
forms which have been partially filled in.
An experimental project for a class in logic, devised
by CSP while at Johns Hopkins. The printed forms require
a good deal of data of which only a small percentage
has actually been recorded. Notes on the versos of
some of the forms.
1120.Materials for an Impressionistic List of 300 Great
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 8 pp.; plus over 250 pp. of fragments
In addition to the list of three hundred men grouped
under several headings (the first rank, provisionally
admitted, doubtful, provisionally excluded), there
are biographical notes, questionnaires, and other means
and efforts to develop the "power of observation"
through an impressionistic study of comparative biography.
1121. [Reasoning Power]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 5-20, incomplete.
The reasoning power of men in different ages. In addition,
there are comments on the secundal system.
1122. [Announcement of a Lecture or Lectures on the
Topic of Great Men]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 2 pp.
1123. The Productiveness of the Nineteenth Century in
A. MS., G-1901-5b, pp. 1-32, with 8 pp. of variants
and a typewritten copy.
Published, with a deletion, as 7.256-261 (pp. 1-11).
Unpublished: greatness and natural endowments; greatness
as a function of environmental factors. Application
of the doctrine of chances to the problem of greatness.
Great men in several fields of endeavor and in modern
history. CSP contends that the greatest men are the
most human of human beings, appearances to the contrary.
1124. [The Productiveness of the Nineteenth Century
in Great Men]
A. MS., G-1901-5b, pp. 1-6, with 5 pp. of variants.
Published, in part, as 7.262-266 (pp. 1-6). Unpublished:
CSP's division of the nineteenth century into four
eras or generations.
1125. (Great Men of the XIXth Century) (Great Men XIXth
A. MS, n.p., n.d., pp. 1-17, incomplete, with rejected
pp. 10, 11, 11, and 16.
Great men are potentially crushed by circumstances.
The nineteenth-century man of science with his lifelong
devotion to the truth stands as a model for the philosopher.
Generally speaking, the nineteenth century is inferior
to the eighteenth in production of great practical
1126. Common Charasteristics of the Great Men of the
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-28, with 11 pp. of variants.
How one goes about estimating greatness in a man. The
glory of the nineteenth century was its science. The
spiritual conditions of nineteenth-century science
exhibited in the scientist's devotion to the truth.
Evaluations of the achievements of scientists in several
fields. Political and artistic greatness also considered.
1127. [Preface to a Paper on Great Men in Science]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 1 p.
1128. [Fragments on Nineteenth-Century Ideas]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 10 pp.
In these fragments CSP argues against Dr. Osler's jocose
law (men ought to be put to death at 60), by citing
as counterexamples the work of Galton, Kelvin, and
Mme. Curie. One of the pages bears the title, "A
Brief Synopsis of C. S. Peirce's Principles of Philosophy."
Apparently the first volume of the Principles was to
have been a review of the leading ideas of the nineteenth
1129. [On the Nineteenth Century]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., pp. 1-9, with a rejected p. 1.
The influence of the nineteenth century was, on the
whole, "hardening, narrowing, destructive of fine
feeling." Division of the powers of the mind into
feelings, knowing, and willing. CSP would substitute
consciousness of reaction for willing and what he called
"synthetic consciousness" for knowing.
1130. [On Intellectual Power]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 4 pp.
1131. [On the Coincidence of Rainfall and Illiteracy]
A. MS., n.p., [c.1872], 2 drafts, 13 pp. (with corrections
and additions by Zina Fay Peirce) and 17 pp. (not in
1132. [Intention, Resolution, and Determination]
A. MS., n.p., n.d., 1 folded sheet.
1133. An Attempted List of Human Motives (Motives)
A. MS., n.p., April 11, 1901, pp. 1-3; incomplete; plus
2 pp. of another draft. Restatement of the enumeration
of ethical classes of motives in Popular Science Monthly
of January 1901.
1134. An Attempted Classification of Ends (Ends)
A. MS., G-c.1903-1, pp. 1-6, incomplete.
A reworking of the Popular Science Monthly article of
January 1901. Published in entirety as 1.585-588.