31. An Essay toward Improving Our Reasoning in Security and in Uberty

Textual Notes

464n.1-465n.15 I do . . . science.] At some point after penning this passage, Peirce bounded the text (leaves 4.6 to 8.5) with square brackets and inserted red ink instructions to offset these pages as a separate paragraph set in smaller type. Given Peirce's instruction, and the notational nature of the passage, the present text subordinates the passage to a footnote and emends out the boundary brackets.
466.27-28 Koppernyk] Nicolas Copernicus
467.8-11 Morley and Michelson's celebrated experiment, which has, however, now received one exact possible explanation based on a hypothesis which there was already reason to surmise might be true. 11 ] The Michelson-Morley light experiment at the Naval Academy, whereby the ether theory was discredited.
470.44 has been the] Peirce initially wrote "had been the," then crudely interlined "has" for "had," and finally cancelled all but the "h," rescribing "as" in the right margin to reform the word. Eventually he struck "h[as] been" entirely, but left the marginal "as" untouched. Restoration of the first revised reading ("has been the") is adopted as the least intrusive emendation.
474.39 end.] The remaining sentence (not included in the present text) forms a bridge into the essay proper, which was never completed.

Emendations

Title An Essay toward Improving Our Reasoning in Security and in Uberty ] E; AN ESSAY TOWARD IMPROVING OUR REASONING in SECURITY & in UBERTY
463.3 belief] E; ~,
463.4 thought)] E; ~, )
463.5 Honor] E; Honour Also 463.15
463.8 honor] E; honour Also 468.27
463.9 [ to ] ] E; om.
463.10 apprise] E; apprize
463.16 endeavor] E; endeavour
464.9 acquaintance] E; a acquaintance
464.19 etc.,] E; ~ ^
464.20 [ define it ] ] E; om.
464.21 premissing] E; premising
464.23 actor)] E; ~,)
464.26 premissed] E; premised
464n.1-465n.15 * I . . . science. 3 ] E; [I . . . science.]
464n.2 aphorisms ] E; aphorismos
464n.2 Organum ] E; Organon
464n.6 viii] E; viij
464n.7 Aph. x [ and ] xxiv,] E; (Aph. x, xxiv
464n.11 bookkeeping] E; book-keeping
464n.11 xlviii] E; xlviij
464n.13 i.e.,] E; i.e.
464n.17 assume] E; ~,
464n. 17 proof)] E; ~,)
464n.18 labors] E; labours Also 465n.1
464n.19 a century] E; a a century
465.2 lives),] E; ~,)
465.4 science,] E; ~ ^
465.8 endeavor] E; endeavour
465.8 exigencies] E; exigences
465.10 indirectly,] E; ~ ^
465.11 person,] E; ~ ^
465.12 [ we ] ] E; om.
465.12 glimpse] E; glimse
465.13 glibberly)]; glibberly,)
465.26 truth; --] E; ~; ^
465.27 Animality.] E; ~.]
465.28 essay,] E; ~ ^
465.30 science.] E; ~ ^
465.31 reasoners,] E; ~ ^
465n.5 center] E; centre
465n.6 Discorsi ] E; "~"
465n.6 xiii] E; xiij
465n.6 Le Opera di Galileo Galilei ] E; rom.
465n.7 xi] E; xj
466.2 [ are ] ] E; om.
466.8 sixteenth] E; XVIth
466.8 century (or . . . following) might] E; century might
466.9 fact, although] E; fact, (or even in the century following) although
466.10 passage),] E; ~,
466.10 arraigning] E; arragning
466.16 develop] E; develope
466.20 stage of] E; stage of of
466.21 reasoning-power] E; Reasoning-power
466.22 irrationality] E; irrationity
466.27 Kepler] E; Keppler
466.31 role] E; rôle
466.40 this is] E; this (om.)
466.43 remarked),] E; ~,)
466.44 mind."] E; ~ ^ "
467.22 honeybees] E; honey-bees
467.26 ants, etc.,] E; ants etc.
467.36 poodle] E; poode
467.37 Dreyfus)] E; Dreyfuss,)
467.42 pedigree] E; ~,
467.43 says] E; ~,
467.43 woman),] E; ~,)
468.2 instantaneously] E; instaneously
468.13 well as the] E; well as as the
468.14 millennia] E; millenia
468.19 procedure,] E; ~ ^
468.20 schoolboy] E; school-boy
468.26 these,] E; ~ ^
468.40 swindles] E; swindless
468.43 [ they ] ] E; om.
468.44 first] E; 1 st
469.1 second] E; 2 nd
469.2 anything] E; any thing
469.3 considered] E; considerd
469.3 third] E; 3 rd
469.12 reconsideration,] E; ~ ^
469.19 hoary-headed] E; hoary headed
469.19 who has] E; who having
469.23 maybe] E; may-be
469.27 boulders,] E; ~ ^
469.29 jumps,] E; ~ ^
469.32 five or six] E; 5 ~ 6
469.34 sea level] E; sea-level
469.35 center] E; centre
469.41 d'Eiffel] E; d'Eifel
469.42 skyline] E; sky-line
469.44 went] E; go
469.44 writing materials] E; writing-materials
470.7 reexamination] E; reëxamination
470.23 through] E; though
470.23-32 (I . . . experience.)] E; [~ . . . ~.]
470.29 magpie,] E; ~ ^
470.29 canary bird] E; canary-bird
470.30 him,] E; ~ ^
470.30 hand,] E; ~ ^
470.32 reflection] E; reflexion
470.34 eighteenth-century] E; XVIII th century
470.35 others,] E; other's ^
470.35-36 Origin of Species ] E; rom.
470.37 Elemente der Psychophysik ,] E; "Elemente der Psychophysik,"
470.40 Beiträge zur Theorie der Sinneswahrnehmung,] E; "Beiträge zur Theorie der Sinneswahrnehmung,"
470.42-43 Vorlesungen über die Menschen- und Thier-Seele,] E; "Vorlesungen über die Menschen- und Thier-Seelen,"
470.44 Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie] E; "Grundzüge der physologische Psychologie"
470.44 has been] E; as
471.5 forebode] E; forbode
471.11 reasonings] E; reasoning
471.12 follows. First, although] E; ~: 1 st , Although
471.16 himself.] E; ~ ^
471.23 that,] E; ~ ^
471.23 it,] E; ~ ^
471.24 a ] E; A
471.31 labor] E; labour
471.35 itself,] E; ~ ^
471.42 I shall be] E; I shall shall be
472.5 that no] E; that there is no
472.6 [ of ] ] E; om.
472.15 Second, of] E; 2 nd , Of
472.19 that,] E; ~ ^
472.25 Third, what] E; 3 rd , What
472.27 consciousness"] E; ~,"
472.28 other),] E; ~,)
472.30 seem.] E; ~ ^
472.40 instinct)] E; ~,)
472.41 reflections] E; reflexions
472.44 life,] E; ~ ^
473.5 species] E; ~,
473.5 example),] E; ~,)
473.6 speak,] E; ~ ^
473.6 kneepan] E; knee-pan
473.7 struck),] E; struck,)
473.12 behavior] E; behaviour
473.12 animal's] E; animals
473.22 with,] E; ~ ^
473.22 muchness,—] E; ~, ^
473.24-25 mention,—] E; ~, ^
473.27 applicable,] E; ~ ^
473.30 superficial] E; superfial
473.32 [he] ] E; om.
473.32 know,] E; ~ ^
473.33 them).] E; ~.)
473.34 du] E; des
473.35 fond] E; fonds
473.35 trésfonds] E; très-fonds
473.38 mathematicians] E; ~,
473.39 Hamilton),] E; ~,)
473.42 connote."] E; ~".
474.15 ]E;
474.25 readers] E; reads
474.27 reasoning, will] E; reasoning, who will
474.30 [to be ] ] E; om.
474.32 that,] E; ~ ^
474.32-33 connection] E; connexion
474.39 end. 23 ] E; end. Nevertheless, considering how much more numerous the others will be, to whom I have considerable hope of not being entirely useless, I will endeavour, even in this introductory part of my essay, not to be insufferably prolix about words; and perhaps they, on their side, may find some advantage in considering the merits and defects of my method of ascertaining the meanings of words.