“Open citations now!” So concludes a new open letter to publishers from researchers who support making scholarly citations freely available, in the interest of better citation analysis. Advocates of such efforts say that references are a pillar of scholarly work and that being able to understand how articles cite each other shouldn’t require an expensive subscription to a database.
In short, just as open-access proponents argue for free access to scholarly articles, open-citation proponents want free access to publication citation data.
“References are a product of scholarly work and represent the backbone of science — demonstrating the origin and advancement of knowledge — and provide essential information for studying science and making decisions about the future of research,” the letter says. “We therefore issue a strong call to all publishers to make available to the academic community that which it created in the first place.”
The letter builds on the Initiative for Open Citations, or I4OC, which 60-some organizations and publishers launched in April. Goals of that initiative include the establishment of a global, public web of linked scholarly citation data to “enhance the discoverability of published content,” both subscription access and open access. Such a web would especially benefit those outside academic institutions – or outside wealthier universities – who lack subscriptions to commercial citation databases, according to I4OC.
Other benefits include the ability to build new services based on the data and create a public citation graph to explore connections between existing fields and the growth of new ones, advocates say.
Cassidy R. Sugimoto, an associate professor of informatics at Indiana University at Bloomington and president of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, is among the letter’s original signatories. She said Tuesday that open citations wouldn’t make a huge difference in her own work, since she has access to highly curated Web of Science data through her professional collaborations and affiliations. However, she said, “it would make a huge difference for students and scholars” worldwide who don’t have that “luxury.”
Anurag Acharya’s problem was that the Google search bar is very smart, but also kind of dumb. As a Googler working on search 13 years ago, Acharya wanted to make search results encompass scholarly journal articles. A laudable goal, because unlike the open web, most of the raw output of scientific research was invisible—hidden behind paywalls. People might not even know it existed. “I grew up in India, and most of the time you didn’t even know if something existed. If you knew it existed, you could try to get it,” Acharya says. “‘How do I get access?’ is a second problem. If I don’t know about it, I won’t even try.”
Acharya and a colleague named Alex Verstak decided that their corner of search would break with Google tradition and look behind paywalls—showing citations and abstracts even if it couldn’t cough up an actual PDF. “It was useful even if you did not have university access. That was a deliberate decision we made,” Acharya says.
Then they hit that dumbness problem. The search bar doesn’t know what flavor of information you’re looking for. You type in “cancer;” do you want results that tell you your symptoms aren’t cancer (please), or do you want the Journal of the American Medical Association? The search bar doesn’t know.
Acharya and Verstak didn’t try to teach it. Instead, they built a spinoff, a search bar separate from Google-prime that would only look for journal articles, case law, patents—hardcore primary sources. And it worked. “We showed it to Larry [Page] and he said, ‘why is this not already out?’ That’s always a positive sign,” Acharya says.
Last winter while leafing through the Official File at the Truman Library for material on Herbert Hoover’s 1947 economic mission to Germany, I was struck by a vibrant burst of color. The monochrome of telegrams and correspondence was replaced by colorful sketches of chickens, Lifesaver candies, and a family of beans marching to a can for preservation. The drawings were bound together with thank-you notes penned by young recipients of US food relief. German children clearly appreciated the “gift” of food, pleasing occupation officials keen to capitalize on American charity. German stomachs, particularly young ones, offered an alternate route to hearts and minds in the early Cold War.
At a time when the future of foreign assistance programs remains uncertain and military rhetoric is ascendant, we might look back to the experience in postwar Germany, when the United States practiced altruism as a form of diplomacy. For a brief moment, before Cuba, before Korea, and even before Berlin, the United States cultivated an image that relied as much on beneficence as military might… [read more]
All IUPUI students, faculty, and staff are welcome to apply for a Greening IUPUI Grant. Greening IUPUI Grants are awarded one time per year to projects that further campus sustainability efforts. IUPUI dedicates a total of $50,000 annually to fund these projects. Applications are open now and will be accepted through February 1.
Proposals should focus on areas like planning and administration; academic; campus engagement; public engagement; operations; and health and wellness. They will be evaluated based on the potential improvement of IUPUI’s STARS score; long-term impact for IUPUI; high-impact learning experiences; visibility; student involvement; reasonable timeline and feasibility; and financial considerations. The full guidelines are available here, and you can preview the application here.
Toxic tweets; vicious partisan battles; rising tides; actual real-life Nazis. So, to fight all that darkness, NUVO went searching for something to illuminate the last month of this venomous year — literally.
Apparently, Indy’s event-planners are on our same wavelength, because Indy is chock-full of locales ablaze this month. Join us on a tour of six luminous installations, plus a handful of cracking holiday shows. Feeling similarly exhausted by the noxious milieu of this year? Grab a mug of something warm — and hopefully spiked — and flip through a gloriously non-political batch of shimmery stuff.
Sponsorship packages and tickets are now available for the 49th annual Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Celebration Dinner featuring co-founder of the Black Lives Matter movement, Opal Tometi. The dinner will take place Sunday, Jan. 14, at 6 p.m. at the Indiana Roof Ballroom. The MLK Dinner is presented by the Black Student Union at IUPUI, and this year’s theme is “A Call to Conscience.”
IUPUI faculty, students, and staff have shared a tradition with the Indianapolis community since 1970, honoring the memory of slain civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. with a day of activities. The day, an official campus holiday, includes a number of events throughout the day, capped by the annual Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. dinner, the longest-running celebration honoring King in Indianapolis. The dinner attracts sell-out crowds to commemorate King’s goals and dreams and to hear nationally renowned speakers.
Past speakers include the famed American poet Maya Angelou; Benjamin Hooks, former director of the NAACP; former Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm; Hollywood actor and director Bill Duke; nationally syndicated columnist William Raspberry; and the scholar Henry Louis Gates. The Black Student Union with the Black Faculty and Staff Council present awards to outstanding faculty, students, and a community organization at the dinner.
IUPUI joins a national effort to honor Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. by making this national holiday a day on rather than a day off. Since classes are not in session, students, faculty, and staff participate in a half-day service project in the local community. A kick-off breakfast is followed by team service projects that may include painting and general clean-up, assisting with a youth basketball clinic, or preparing a low-income home for renovation. Students and student groups may also apply for mini-grants to fund special service projects to honor Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. In 2010, over 500 people from IUPUI and the Indianapolis community participated in service to 23 service organizations.
Further information, tickets, and a letter to campus partners are available here.
Twenty years ago, the top tech trends included high-speed internet, zip disks, and DVDs.
1997 was also the year the Advanced Visualization Lab made its debut. Spread across Indiana University and IUPUI, the lab didn’t concentrate on dial-up modems and boxy PCs, which were typical of the time. The labs looked at the future of visualizing research in ways that seemed lightyears ahead of the times. The star in IUPUI’s lab was the ImmersaDesk, a then-state-of-the-art augmented reality facility to enhance the user’s experience with programming. It was also established as part of the Research Technologies division of UITS and the Pervasive Technology Institute.
Today, the Advanced Visualization Lab at IUPUI has expanded to two spaces on the fourth floor of the Informatics and Communications Technology Complex. The rooms concentrate on virtual and augmented reality experiences, 3-D scanning and printing, and visualization through portable IQ-Walls and the futuristic IQ-Table, the 94-inch cousin to IQ-Walls that specializes in showcasing media collections from IUPUI.
Both spaces are open to students and faculty members to assist with research or class projects. While the amount of technology has expanded, Lab staff members like Mike Boyles say the expansion includes users. What was once designed for the few dozens of the techiest of technology students has grown to include thousands of users from almost every discipline at IUPUI.
“We are able to scale out services and help people more than ever,” said Boyles, the Lab manager. “We are doing things at a bigger scale than we ever have.” That scale involves serving all of the IU campuses around the state. The democratization of the technology means this is no longer the domain of the elite. [Read More]
The American National Election Studies (ANES) produces high quality data from its own surveys on voting, public opinion, and political participation. The mission of the ANES is to inform explanations of election outcomes by providing data that support rich hypothesis testing, maximize methodological excellence, measure any variables, and promote comparisons across people, contexts, and time. The ANES serves this mission by providing researchers with a view of the political world through the eyes of ordinary citizens.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has helped to support this enterprise since 1970. During this period, the survey has been conducted primarily using a face to face design where trained interviewers go into households to conduct their interviews. In addition to face to face surveys, ANES has conducted mode comparisons using random digit dialing (RDD) and, in recent years, web-based platforms. ANES has also conducted several other enhancements. For instance, several panel studies have been conducted including a 29-wave panel study conducted around the 2008 election. Other innovations have included oversamples of African Americans, oversamples of Hispanics with the instrument translated into Spanish and surveys conducted by bi-lingual interviewers, experimentation with new instrumentation, and recruitment of respondents.
Two awards will be made from the ANES Competition. Only one application will be accepted per institution. Funding for both awards is anticipated to be $11,500,000, pending the availability of appropriations.
To apply for the IU internal competition, see the limited submission listing on the research gateway. The internal deadline is January 8, 2018.
In an ever-changing employment world, does a college degree fully prepare newcomers to the workforce?
IUPUI is among 14 higher education institutions across North America working to find out. As participants in the Essential Employability Qualities Pilot led by The Quality Assurance Commons for Higher and Postsecondary Education, these institutions are co-designing ways to assess and affirm higher education programs that intentionally develop essential employability qualities within students; engage students and employers in quality assurance; assure that graduates are prepared for the employment world after they complete their program; and communicate openly and accurately with the public.
According to a 2015 Gallup-Purdue Index report, while 98 percent of chief academic officers rate their institutions as very or somewhat effective at preparing students for the employment world, only 11 percent of business leaders strongly agree that graduating students have the necessary skills and competencies.
“That gap is large enough to show there’s a serious issue about communication on what graduates should be able to do,” said Bill Plater, senior scholar at The QA Commons and executive vice chancellor and dean of the faculties emeritus at IUPUI. “We’ve been talking to many employers, and almost every one of them has a set of expectations of what employees need to do to be successful. Employers are great at looking at the specific skill a person needs in the field of work, but what they don’t really know how to do well is assess things like critical thinking, communication skills and problem-solving.”
Many employers and their respective professional associations often specify the so-called soft skills that most colleges and universities say they provide, frequently using the same words to describe the qualities employers seek, but there is little agreement on what the terms actually mean — and what evidence of attainment is acceptable. The QA Commons is developing standards and processes to certify that a program or department actually prepares all of its graduates with the qualities that employers really want. Employers can then rely on a certified program’s claim that its graduates have acquired the essential skills.
The nature of work in many fields has changed dramatically in the last few decades. For example, technology has changed manufacturing jobs from human assembly-line work to automated work, requiring employees to think differently about the manufacturing process. An aging workforce in some areas has also altered the employment landscape.
The essential employability qualities that EEQ Pilot participants seek to develop in graduates include people skills such as collaboration, teamwork, and cross-cultural experience; problem-solving abilities such as inquiry, critical thinking, and creativity; and professional strengths such as communication, work ethic, and technological agility.
“It’s a way to develop a common language. Our language in academia doesn’t necessarily match up with an employer’s language,” said Erin Engels, director of the paralegal studies program and an assistant clinical professor of political science in the School of Liberal Arts. “We need to communicate to students, too: You’re not just learning about the history of politics and how people interact in government; we’re helping you navigate the politics of the workplace.”
Pilot participants met in September to work on a yearlong plan. Participants represent a range of disciplines, learning formats and degree levels and include public, private, for-profit and faith-based institutions.
“We all benefit by participating because we’ll get ideas from other programs and resources to help our students,” said Steve Fox, director of writing and associate professor of English in the School of Liberal Arts. “What we want to do is ultimately help our students be employable when they graduate and be able to improve communication with employers so there’s good feedback among all of these parties.”
The QA Commons and the EEQ Pilot are funded through the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, under a grant from Indianapolis-based Lumina Foundation.
Southern California and southern Indiana might not have much in common, but within the past year, Larry Groupé has called both places home.
The Emmy Award-winning composer brings his experience to the Bloomington campus, where he is a visiting professor at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music.
At Indiana University, Groupé was appointed to design and implement the renowned Jacobs School’s first program in music scoring for visual media, which he started teaching in spring 2017. In this new program, music students learn how to compose original work. They create scores that can be used for movie soundtracks, learning various skills needed to write music that accompanies visual media.
“We have seen a fantastic student and faculty response to Larry Groupé joining the faculty and providing expert mentorship in the area of music scoring for visual media,” said David Dzubay, professor of music and chair of the Department of Composition. “We have an ever-increasing amount of activity in this area, and this should only continue to grow in the future. I’m thrilled to have Larry Groupé here guiding our efforts through his courses and collaborations with IU Cinema and The Media School.”
Groupé has also collaborated with The Media School to create a course that teaches students the techniques they need for editing and incorporating music into film and other forms of visual media.
“From a Media School perspective, Larry is a bridge to the Jacobs School of Music and helps facilitate collaborative relationships,” said Norbert Herber, senior lecturer and chair of the Media Arts and Production. “Our student filmmakers and game designers now have a clear point of contact to help identify student composers to score their film and game projects. Thus far, we see a lot more film-related activity, but the relationship is still budding.”
Groupé’s course in The Media School teaches students how to master software used for editing music and seamlessly combine tracks that set the tone and convey… [read more]