Madonna of the Trail
and the National Road
Purpose: To introduce students
to historic roads and trails leading to Indiana, running through Indiana,
Grade Level: 4
National Geography Standards:
1, 9, 12, 17
Indiana Social Studies Standards:
4.3.2; 4.3.8; 4.3.10; 4.4.2 (extension)
Indiana Atlas – Historic map
Blank Indiana county black line map master
Blank United States map with state borders
black line master
Copies of both maps for each student
Transparency of each black line map and one
showing the location of the National Road
Background information of the Madonna of the
Trail (see websites)
United States road atlas (several for students
Madonna of the Trails Calendar – OPTIONAL!
(To obtain a calendar, contact the state Daughters of the American Revolution
have background knowledge of Indiana counties
be able to follow directions
be able to locate the route of the National
Road in Indiana
locate the twelve states where the Madonna
of the Trail monuments are located
Introduce the students to the historical map
in the Indiana Atlas.
Give the students background information on
the National Road.
Show transparency of the National Road
Distribute blank Indiana county map to each
Instruct the students to draw the route of
the National Road on the map as it passes through the state using their
Next, have the students to color the counties
in which the road passes.
Conclude part I by discussing the importance
of this road and its impact to the state and nationally
Show the students a picture of the Madonna
of the Trail monument from the calendar or web site.
Explain the history and significance of the
List the twelve states where the monument
is located on the board or transparency.
Have students brainstorm possible locations
of the monument in the state of Indiana and why.
Reveal to the students Richmond as the location
and why it was selected by the DAR.
Distribute blank United States maps to each
Have the students use an atlas to color the
twelve states where the Madonna of the Trail monuments is located using
a different color for each state.
Using their pencil, have the students mark
the approximate location of the each monument is each state.
Completed maps and discussion participation.
Major cities located along the
Background information of the Madonna
of the Trail
Background info and a GREAT map
of the location of the monuments
Information about US 40
The making of the National Road
by the historian at Conner Prairie
More information concerning the
Madonna of the Trail
Indiana’s Madonna of the Trail
Discuss Indiana’s state motto: “Crossroads
of America”. Why is this motto used and how does it relate to the
Trace the National Road throughout the entire
Discuss various historic trails such as …
Santa Fe, California, Oregon, Wilderness, etc.