By: Name:
Will Sibley

Ben Davis Jr. High, Indianapolis,
IN

June 2002

**Classroom sessions/estimated time:**
2 blocks or 3-4 regular class periods

**Grade Level(s):** 8-9

**Geography Standards Addressed:**

1: The World in Spatial Terms – Standard
1 - How to Use Maps and Other Geographic Representations, Tools, and Technologies
to Acquire, Process, and Report Information From a Spatial Perspective

1: The World in Spatial Terms Standard
3 - How to Analyze the Spatial Organization of People, Places, and Environments
on Earth’s Surface

2: Places and Regions – Standard 4 - The
Physical and Human Characteristics of Places

4: Human Systems – Standard 9 - The Characteristics,
Distribution, and Migration of Human Population on Earth’s Surface

5: Environment and Society – Standard
14 - How Human Actions Modify the Physical Environment

**Indiana Social Studies Academic Standards
Addressed:**

WG.1.1 – Earth’s grid system, latitude
and longitude

WG.1.3 – use GIS and GPS to establish
special relationships

WG.1.4 – Explain that maps contain special
elements of point, line, area and volume.

WG .1.5 – use a variety of sources to
answer geographic questions.

**Objectives:**

Upon completion of this activity students
will have learned how to:

- Plot out a hiking course using aerial photos and a topographic overlay.
- Find the latitude and longitude of absolute locations.
- Measure the total distance of a hiked area.
- Figure the area of the ground walked using Heron’s Formula.

http://interactive2.usgs.gov/learningweb/teachers/mapsshow.htm

**Materials required & Resources:**

1. Attachments:

a. Topo
map of Eagle Creek road area. – To site plan a hike.

b. Aerial
map of same area. – For use in seeing elevation change.

c. Heron’s Formula
activity. (1 and
2)

2. Instructions on measuring student’s
steps. – To measure their hike and figure Heron’s Formula.

3. Computer to see L & L of Eagle
Creek Area.

4. Student
Log for Students to fill in.

5. Hard copy or computer version of mission
geography lesson.

**Procedures: ** This activity
can be done in pairs or individually. Tasks should be done in order,
students can not move ahead.

- Use the attached Aerial photo and have each student look at the paths and pick a hiking route with three points on it (a triangle). It may be easiest to make an overhead to review with and make some copies for the students. Have students check that off on their student log.
- Have students complete the How Can We Compare Maps With Images From Space. This is a k-4 lesson, but you can just use parts of it (or all of it) to help illustrate how these images are used. http://missiongeography.org
- After picking their route, use the topo map of the same area and have the students look at and list all the changes in elevation. Have the kids graph out the route. Have students fill that out in their student log.
- Using a computer, have the students approximate the latitude and longitude of the three points that they picked. http://terraserver.homeadvisor.msn.com Have students fill that in on their student log.
- Have students fill out that task of their student log.
- Time to hit the road! Go to Eagle Creek and have students walk their routes. Have them count the steps in their routes. You will need to use those 3 points that they picked in task 1. Students need totals from point 1 to point 2, from point 2 to point 3, and from point 3 back to point 1. Then have them add up all totals for a grand total. Have them fill out task 6 of their student log.
- Have them fill out task 7.

Use the following formula to have the kids figure out how long their step is: Use a tape measurer, pull out a good distance and place on ground. Have each student walk up to it and take three steps starting at the front of tape measurer. Do this three times and average it and than divide by three.

Total 1 + total 2 + total 3 = grand total / 3 = average of 3 steps / 3 = length of step

Performance Assessment

4 exemplary | Has met all expectations completely. Has completed the extension option. |

3 satisfactory | Has met all expectations completely (tasks 1-7) and correctly. |

2 needs working | Has met 5 of the 7 expectations (tasks) completely and needs work on 2 of the expectations (tasks). |

1 unsatisfactory | Has not met the minimum requirement of at least 5 of the 7 expectations (tasks). The assignment either needs to have continued work done (late) or needs to be redone. |

**Adaptations/Extensions:**

Have the student complete the Heron’s Formula activity.