|PAPERS BY PEIRCE |
Manuscript Images Translations
|PEIRCE-RELATED PAPERS |
BOOKS 2006–15 Dissertations
|Transactions JSTOR (Book REVIEWS 1968–now)||PEIRCE EDITION PROJECT study-aid links||NOTES & NOTICES at P.E.P. (143 books 1992–2006)||INDIANA U PRESS books on or by Peirce||I.S.P.'s RECOMMENDED Books||Big polyglot BIBLIOGRAPHY
(G.E.P. at U of NAVARRA, Spain)
|Big polyglot BIBLIOGRAPHY
(C.S.P. at U of MILAN, Italy)
Bayer, Gfesser, Hansen, eds., 1997.
Brakel & Heerden, eds., 1999.
Brunning & Forster, eds., 1997.
Colapietro & Olshewsky, eds., 1996.
De Tienne 2006.
Fabbrichesi Leo 2002.
Hilpinen, ed., 1996.
Houser, Roberts, Van Evra, eds., 1997.
Kauffman & Brier, eds., 2001.
Ketner & Pfeifer, eds., 1999.
Lukose et al., eds. (ICCS), 1997.
Nubiola, ed. 1996.
Peirce & eds. & Pape, tr., 2001.
Peirce & Maddalena, tr., 2005.
Peirce & Lång, tr., 2001.
Peirce & Marietti, tr., 2003.|
Peirce & P.E.P. eds., 2000 (W6).
Peirce & P.E.P. eds., 1998 (EP2).
Peirce & Romero, tr., 1997.
Peirce, & Tiercelin, Thibaud, trs., 2002.
Peirce, & Tiercelin, Thibaud, Cometti, trs., 2003.
Peirce & Turrisi, ed., 1997 (PPM).
Peirce & Zenekorta, tr., 2005.
Rosenthal, Hausman, Anderson, eds., 1999.
Shook (et al.?), ed. 2001b.
Shook (et al.?), ed. 2001a.
The enigmatic thought of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), considered by many to be one of the great philosophers of all time, involves inquiry not only into virtually all branches and sources of modern semiotics, physics, cognitive sciences, and mathematics, but also logic, which he understood to be the only useful approach to the riddle of reality.
This book represents an attempt to outline an analytical method based on Charles Peirce’s least explored branch of philosophy, which is his evolutionary cosmology, and his notion that the universe is made of an ‘effete mind.’ The chief argument conceives of human discourse as a giant metaphor in regard to outside reality. The metaphors arise in our imagination as lightning-fast schemes for acting, speaking, or thinking. To illustrate this, each chapter will present a well-known metaphor and explain how it is unfolded and conceptualized according to the new method for revealing meaning.
This original work will interest students and scholars in many fields including semiotics, linguistics and philosophy.
Ivan Mladenov is a senior research fellow at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. His chief topic of interest is the philosophy of Charles S. Peirce. His main publications embrace a vast spectrum of research, such as semiotics, philosophy, psychology, literary theory and the philosophy of science.
Pur nella molteplicità dei compositi snodi teoretici, difficilmente riconducibili a un comune e univoco denominatore, l’intento del Pragmatismo è di riportare la storia degli uomini ai suoi valori individuali. Lungi dall’immaginare lo stato felice e naturale dell’uomo in una remota età dell’oro, il XIX secolo, nell’ambiente filosofico di Cambridge, e ancora presente in alcuni rivoli della tradizione analitica statunitense del nostro tempo, si propone di dimostrare che l’esperienza non è una progressiva accumulazione di dati empirici da organizzare e sistemare, ma una regola volta verso la razionalità dell’azione, non essendo i fatti la causa, o il presupposto delle idee, ma il loro strumento di verifica.
Despite the multiplicity of theoretical composite joints, hardly attributable to a common and unambiguous denominator, the intent of Pragmatism is to bring human history to its individual values. Far from imagining the happy state of man and nature in a remote golden age, the nineteenth-century philosophical environment of Cambridge, still present in some streams of American analytic tradition of our time, it is proposed to show that experience is not a progressive accumulation of empirical data by organizing and arranging, but a rule aimed towards the rationality of the action, not the facts being the cause, or the assumption of ideas, but their verification tool.
'Meaning' in cinema is very complex, and the flood of theories that define it have, in certain ways, left cinematic meaning meaningless. Johannes Ehrat's analysis of meaning in cinema has convinced him that what is needed is greater philosophical reflection on the construction of meaning. In Cinema and Semiotic, he attempts to resurrect meaning by employing Charles S. Peirce's theories on semiotics to debate the major contemporary film theories that have diluted it.
Based on Peirce's Semiotic and Pragmatism, Ehrat offers a novel approach to cinematic meaning in three central areas: narrative enunciation, cinematic world appropriation, and cinematic perception. Attempting a comprehensive theory of cinema — instead of the regional 'middle-ground' theories that function only on certain 'common-sense' assumptions that borrow uncritically from psychophysiology — Ehrat further demonstrates how a semiotic approach grasps the nature of time, not in a psychological manner, but rather cognitively, and provides a new understanding of the particular filmic sign process that relates a sign to the existence or non-existence of objects. Never before has Peirce been so fruitfully employed for the comprehension of meaning in cinema.
“This meticulous and thorough book is a major contribution to the field. Scholars and students in American philosophy and theology will need to take Oppenheim’s work into serious consideration.” —Kelly Parker, Grand Valley State University
Josiah Royce and William James lived in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on Irving Street, just two doors apart, while Charles Peirce grew up just a few blocks away. In nearby Vermont, John Dewey was born and educated. These four great thinkers shared more than just geographic space. They engaged in a series of formative discussions. By tracing the interactions of Royce (1855–1916) with James, Peirce, and Dewey, Oppenheim hopes to “re-imagine pragmatism” in a way that will highlight Royce’s key insights.
Josiah Royce emphasized that communities of all sizes—ranging from families to towns—needed “reverence for the relations of life” not only to thrive but to survive. This theme permeates the dialectic of Royce’s interactions with Peirce, James, and Dewey. Oppenheim dicusses how these thinkers agreed or disagreed about method and content, skepticism and intelligibility, nominalism and intentionality, as he uncovers their varied stances toward transcendent Reality.
Oppenheim counters R.B. Perry’s view that James and Royce held almost completely conflicting doctrines, and he repudiates Perry’s tactic of using Royce as a foil to display James positively. Oppenheim offers a richer portrait of Royce by calling attention to Royce’s “doctrine of two levels” and its effects on the distinction of human and super-human, by showing the contrast of Royce’s “third attitude of will” against two primarily self-centered attitudes of will, and by examining the roles of Spirit, Community, and semiotic process in Royce’s thought.
Frank M. Oppenheim, who is widely regard as an expert on Josiah Royce, brings more than 40 years of study to bear on this magnum opus. Reverence for the Relations of Life will be essential reading for those interested in American philosophy and theology.
FRANK M. OPPENHEIM, S.J. is research professor in the History of American Philosophy at Xavier University.
Il volume contiene un'ampia selezione di scritti del filosofo americano Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), fondatore del pragmatismo e della semiotica. Chimico, fisico, astronomo, matematico e soprattutto logico di impostazione rigorosamente realistica, egli fu condotto dai suoi studi così variegati anche a un ripensamento della metafisica onde trovarvi una reale giustificazione dei passaggi logici su cui si fondano le nostre operazioni mentali.
The volume contains a wide selection of the writings of the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the founder of pragmatism and semiotics. Chemist, physicist, astronomer, mathematician, and above all logicianl of strictly realistic setting, he was taken from his studies as varied also a rethinking of metaphysics in order to find a real justification of logical steps that underpin our mental operations.
2. PUBLICATION NEWS: "Scritti scelti di Charles Sanders Peirce" (2005)
A recently published the book "Scritti di Charles Sanders Peirce scelti" (Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese, Turin, 2005) that has led the prof editor. Giovanni Maddalena.
We thank Sara F. Auger's recension has written this book and transcribed in full below:
"Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914), founder of pragmatism and father of modern semiotics, has sometimes been regarded as one of the most important philosophers of all time. Despite the scant attention that the legacy of Peirce received in the years after his death, in recent decades we have witnessed the resurgence of pragmatism and, in particular, the work of Peirce, who has acquired great importance in various fields. study of his thought has experienced significant growth, not only in America but around the world and in several languages, as shown in this volume.
Giovanni Maddalena, a professor at the University of Molise, presents a wide collection of Italian translations of some of the most important writings of Peirce. This is particularly of 27 texts, divided into five stages, ranging from the early writings of Peirce in the 1860s to recent articles written only a few years before his death. Among these texts include lecture series that Peirce gave at Cambridge in 1898 and 1903, called "Cambridge Lectures" and "Harvard Lectures." Some of the texts collected here had been previously published in Italian in various compilations, but others remained unpublished in English. In addition, two of them have never been published in English ("Meaning", MS 634, 1909 and "The Art of Reasoning Elucidated", MS 678, 1910).
The volume opens with an introduction in which Maddalena stops at the main points of each of the five stages of Peirce's thought in which texts are divided: the phenomenon of representation, the pragmatic maxim, the scientific method, the classification of the sciences, and so on. The following is a biographical sketch and a bibliography of Peirce and in English, as well as a list of translations of existing Italian Peirce. A "historical note" also give an idea of the different steps you have followed the publication of the work Peirce, since the first edition of "Collected Papers" (1931-1958), to the project timeline editing which is currently developing the Peirce Edition Project at Indiana University, which have already seen the light of thirty-six projected volumes. The "Historical Note" also contains references to the collected texts, their original sources, places of publication and authors of the Italian translations.
The interpretation of Peircean thought for years has provoked strong disagreement among Peirce scholars, due in part to the fragmentary and chaotic presentation of his work in "Collected Papers". One of the merits of this Italian collection s precisely the permanent consideration of the chronological factor. It is located well within a stream, and almost unanimously accepted that considers basic coherence and systematization of Peirce's thought undeniable. Against those who saw him as a thinker contradictory (Goudge, 1950), or with four successive systems (Murphey, 1961), noted increasingly systematicity and unity of Peircean thought, and its total evolution from his early writings on 1865 until his death in 1914.
Overall, we can say that this is a valuable work framed in a Mediterranean community of thinkers in which pragmatism is received, valued, welcomed and in a sense becomes. This volume may be of great help to the Italian-speaking Peircean scholars, but also more broadly, to all those who make up that community growing research in the purest spirit Peircean work with each other " .
Es gibt prinzipielle Grenzen für Wissenssysteme, die dem Anspruch einer "Logik der Rechtfertigung" zu genügen versuchen. In dieser Situation, so wird in dieser Studie argumentiert, kann die Möglichkeit von Wissen und Erkenntnis nur aus einer genetischen Perspektive erklärt werden, welche die Frage nach den Voraussetzungen und Möglichkeiten der Entwicklung von Wissen und Erkenntnis in den Mittelpunkt stellt. Will man jedoch den Prozeß der Entwicklung von Wissen in den Wissenschaften wie auch beim individuellen Lernen erklären, besteht ein Hauptproblem darin, daß kaum zu sehen ist, wie mit den auf einer bestimmten Entwicklungsstufe gegebenen Erkenntnismitteln "neue" Theorien oder neue überzeugungen formuliert werden können, die ja gerade insofern neu sind, als sie Elemente enthalten, die weder aus den gegebenen Mitteln abgeleitet werden können, noch auch einfach induktiv zu erschließen sind.
Diesem Problem - der Frage nach den Möglichkeiten von Erkenntnisentwicklung - widmet sich diese Untersuchung. Ausgangspunkt ist die Wissenschaftstheorie von Charles S. Peirce und dessen am Begriff der Tätigkeit orientierte Philosophie der Mathematik. Im Zentrum steht hier, was Peirce "diagrammatisches Schließen" (diagrammatic reasoning) nennt, das heißt eine an der Konstruktion von Darstellungen und dem Experimentieren mit solchen Darstellungen orientierte Erkenntnistätigkeit. Um auf der Basis dieses Konzeptes die Möglichkeit von Lernen und von wissenschaftlicher Theoriegenese erklären zu können, muß man vor allem verstehen - so die These -, wie die Logik und Regelhaftigkeit der für Diagrammatisierung notwendigen Darstellungssysteme auf der einen Seite mit bestimmten subjektiven Momenten der Interpretation von Zeichen und Darstellungen auf der anderen in konkreter Tätigkeit vermittelt werden.
There are fundamental limits to knowledge systems that attempt to satisfy the claim of a "logic of justification." In this situation, it is argued in this study, the possibility of knowledge and insight can only be explained from a genetic perspective, which raises the question of the conditions and possibilities of the development of knowledge and understanding at the center. However, to explain the process of the development of knowledge in the sciences as well as the individual learning, a major problem that it is hard to see how "new" theories or new beliefs can be formulated with the means of knowledge given at a certain stage of development, just so far are new even when they contain elements that can be derived either from the given means, are to open up even more simply inductive.
This problem - the question of the possibilities of cognitive development - dedicated to this study. The starting point is the scientific theory of Charles S. Peirce and the Concept of activity-oriented philosophy of mathematics. The focus is here, what Peirce called "diagrammatic Close" (Diagrammatic reasoning), that is one on the construction of representations and experimenting with such representations oriented cognitive activity. In order to explain on the basis of this concept, the possibility of learning and of scientific theory genesis, one must understand above all - to the thesis - as the logic and regularity necessary for Diagrammatisierung representation systems on the one hand with certain subjective moments of interpretation of signs and representations on the other are taught in specific activity.
HITZAURREA — 7
BIBLIOGRAFIA — 35
1. USTEAREN FINKAPENA — 39
I—39 II—41 III—44 IV—45 V—46 OHARRAK—572. GURE IDEIAK ARGITZEKO BIDEA — 59
I—59 II—63 III—68 IV—73 OHARRAK—813. TEORIEN ARKITEKTURA — 83
OHARRAK—994. MAITASUN EBOLUTIBOA — 101
LEHEN BEGIRATUAN. BERRI ONEN AURKAKOAK—101
BIGARREN PENTSAMENDUAK. IRENIKOAK—108
HIRUGARREN ALDERDIA. BEREIZKETA—114
OHARRAK—1255. FILOSOFIA ETA BIZITZAREN GIDA — 129
OHARRAK—1496. LOGIKAREN LEHEN ERREGELA — 153
OHARRAK—1737. PRAGMATISMOAREN MAXIMA — 177
OHARRAK—1938. FENOMENOLOGIAZ — 195
I—195 II—208 OHARRAK—2159. KATEGORIEN DEFENTSA — 219
I—219 II—224 III—226 IV—232 V—241 VI—243 OHARRAK—24510. METAFISIKAREN ZAZPI SISTEMAK — 247
I—247 II—249 III—256 IV—267 OHARRAK—26911. HIRU ZIENTZIA ARAUEMAILEAK — 273
OHARRAK—28912. PRAGMATISMOA ABDUKZIOAREN LOGIKA GISA — 291
I—291 II—293 III—301 IV—303 V—307 OHARRAK—31113. ZERK BIHURTZEN DU SENDOA ARRAZOITZE BAT — 313
OHARRAK—33514. PRAGMATISMOA ZER DEN — 337
OHARRAK—35715. PRAGMATISMOAREN GAIAK — 361
OHARRAK—37916. JAINKOAREN IZATEARI BURUZKO ARGUDIO BAZTERTUA — 383
I—383 II—390 III—391 IV—394 V—397 OHARRAK—401ERANSKINA—403
FOREWORD — 7
BIBLIOGRAPHY — 35
1. THE FIXATION OF BELIEF — 39
I—39 II—41 III—44 IV—45 V—46 NOTES—572. HOW TO MAKE OUR IDEAS CLEAR — 59
I—59 II—63 III—68 IV—73 NOTES—813. THE ARCHITECTURE OF THEORIES — 83
NOTES—994. EVOLUTIONARY LOVE — 101
AT FIRST BLUSH. COUNTER-GOSPELS—101
SECOND THOUGHTS. IRENICA—108
A THIRD ASPECT. DISCRIMINATION—114
NOTES—1255. PHILOSOPHY AND THE CONDUCT OF LIFE — 129
NOTES—1496. THE FIRST RULE OF LOGIC — 153
NOTES—1737. THE MAXIM OF PRAGMATISM — 177
NOTES—1938. ON PHENOMENOLOGY — 195
I—195 II—208 NOTES—2159. THE CATEGORIES DEFENDED — 219
I—219 II—224 III—226 IV—232 V—241 VI—243 NOTES—24510. THE SEVEN SYSTEMS OF METAPHYSICS — 247
I—247 II—249 III—256 IV—267 NOTES—26911. THE THREE NORMATIVE SCIENCES — 273
NOTES—28912. PRAGMATISM AS THE LOGIC OF ABDUCTION — 291
I—291 II—293 III—301 IV—303 V—307 NOTES—31113. WHAT MAKES A REASONING SOUND — 313
NOTES—33514. WHAT PRAGMATISM IS — 337
NOTES—35715. ISSUES OF PRAGMATICISM — 361
NOTES—37916. A NEGLECTED ARGUMENT FOR THE REALITY OF GOD — 383
I—383 II—390 III—391 IV—394 V—397 NOTES—401APPENDIX — 403
Artikulu eta hitzaldien bilduma
Egilea: Charles Sanders Peirce
Itzultzailea: Ibon Uribarri Zenekorta
Hitzaurrea: Nathan Houser
Argitaratze eguna: 2005-07-08
Orrialde kopurua: 416
Salneurria –BEZ: 28,55 €
Salneurria: 27,45 €
Nahiz eta Charles S. Peirce filosofo estatubatuarra izan, batzuentzat handiena gainera, egiatan mugarik gabeko filosofoa izan zen. Peircek ikertzaileen senidetasun handi batean sinesten zuen, ezagutzaren bilaketa sakratuan bat egiten duen eta soilik itaunketaren bidea ez mozteko aginduari lotzen zaion senidetasunean. Asko poztuko luke Peirce XXI. mendearen hasieran haren lanen bilduma bat euskaraz argitaratuko zela jakiteak, logikarentzat interes berezia omen duen hizkuntza baita Peirceren ustez. Baina haren poz handiena zera jakitea litzateke, irakurle berriak sortu ahal izango zirela eta agian horietako batek haren pentsamenduaren norabideari helduko liokeela eta hura hobetzeko jenioa izango lukeela eta aurrera egiteko gai izango litzatekeela garai ilustratuago baten bila.See the original via the Wayback Machine.
Artikulu eta hitzaldien bilduma
(Colección de artículos y conferencias)
Autor: Charles Sanders Peirce
Traductor: Ibon Uribarri Zenekorta
Prólogo: Nathan Houser Fecha Edición: 2005-07-08
Número de páginas: 416
Precio sin IVA: 28,55 €
PVP: 27,45 €
Aunque Charles S. Peirce fue un filósofo estadounidense, para algunos el más importante, en realidad era un filósofo sin fronteras. Peirce creía en una gran comunidad de investigadores unidos en la sagrada búsqueda del conocimiento y sometidos únicamente a la promesa de no bloquear nunca el camino de la investigación. Hubiera sido una gran satisfacción para Peirce saber que a principios del siglo XXI una selección de sus escritos sería editada en vasco, una lengua a la que Peirce atribuía características que la convertían en interesante para la lógica. Pero su mayor satisfacción hubiera sido saber que había nuevos lectores de su obra y que quizás uno de ellos llegaría a capturar el sentido de su pensamiento y tendría la capacidad para mejorarlo y avanzar en la búsqueda de un periodo más ilustrado.See the original via the Wayback Machine.
Artikulu eta hitzaldien bilduma
Author: Charles Sanders Peirce
Translator: Ibon Uribarri Zenekorta
Prologue: Nathan Houser
Edition date: 2005-07-08
Price whithout IVA: 28,55 €
Price: 27,45 €
Even though Charles S. Peirce was an American philosopher, some would say the greatest American philosopher, he was really a philosopher without borders. Peirce believed in a great brotherhood and sisterhood of investigators joined to one another in the sacred quest for knowledge and bound only by the pledge never to block the way of inquiry. It would have given Peirce much satisfaction to have known that early in the 21st century a collection of his writings would appear in the Basque language, a language Peirce believed had special qualities of interest for logic. But his principal satisfaction would have been the knowledge that new readers might come forward and that perhaps one of them would catch the drift of his thought and have the genius to improve on it and carry it forward in the quest for a more enlightened time.See the original via the Wayback Machine.
There was recently published in the Basque Country the first edition of Peirce's texts translated into Basque. The book, entitled "Peirce. Artikulu hitzaldien bilduma eta" ("Peirce. Collection of articles and lectures") has been promoted by Professor Andoni Ibarra and sponsored among others by the University of the Basque Country and the University of Deusto, and has been published in a collection ("Klasikoak") of translations of the most important philosophers most important to the Euskara or Basques. The volume includes the translation of 16 essential texts of Peirce, including some as well known as "The Fixation of Belief" (1877), "How to Make Our Ideas Clear" (1878), "The Architecture of Theories" (1891) and "Evolutionary Love" (1893).
This collection also features a foreword by Nathan Houser, director of Peirce Edition Project (Indianapolis), attached also in Spanish version. Houser writes: "It may be that the pioneering work of Peirce, perhaps especially his later works so full of ideas, finally flourish in an influential legacy that, as Peirce imagined at hopeful moments, would be his legacy for the future. Perhaps this Basque edition of some of hia most important items will help achieve that goal."
As a curious note it may be pointed out that, as Jaime Nubiola studied, Peirce passed through Irun in his journey in 1870 and heard Basque, a language that seemed unrelated to any other. Basque appears several times in Peirce's writings, identified as a non-Indo-European language, specifically in two letters to Lady Welby (of October 12, 1904 and January 31, 1909) and at least four different lists of names of the first ten numbers in different languages that are preserved among his manuscripts (MS 1248, 1249, 1251 and 1590).
Congratulations to Professor Ibarra and all Basque-speakers on this milestone in the international reception of Charles S. Peirce.
Aims and Scope
In the present-day philosophy of mind, the abilities to reflect and to relate thinking to reality are subsumed under the heading of "intentionality". After an introduction to the questions and difficulties of the most relevant theories of intentionality, Stefan Kappner presents Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotic theory. He uses the semiotic concepts developed to gain systematic access to the skills of intentionality - by presenting a novel understanding of them as skills of interpreting signs. Taking constructive issue with present-day attempts at naturalisation, in particular with teleosemantics, Kappner constructs a theory of intentionality points up its biological roots, without reducing it to these.
Stefan Kappner teaches at the Europa Fachhochschule Fresenius in Idstein, Germany, and works as a freelance writer.
Although widely recognized as founder and key figure in the current re-emergence of pragmatism, Charles Peirce is rarely brought into contemporary dialogue. In this book, Kory Sorrell shows that Peirce has much to offer contemporary debate and deepens the value of Peirce’s view of representation in light of feminist epistemology, philosophy of science, and cultural anthropology.
Drawing also on William James and John Dewey, Sorrell identifies ways in which bias, authority, and purpose are ineluctable constituents of shared representation. He nevertheless defends Peirce’s realistic account of representation, showing how the independently real world both constrains social representation and informs its content.
Most importantly, Sorrell shows how members of a given community not only represent but transform a shared world—and how those practices of representation may, and should, be improved.
Kory Sorrell is a visiting Professor in the Cultures, Civilizations, and Ideas Program at Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey.
Translation produces meaningful versions of textual information. But what is a text? What is translation? What is meaning? And what is a translational version? This book On Translating Signs: Exploring Text and Semio-Translation responds to those and other eternal translation-theoretical questions from a semiotic point of view.
Dinda L. Gorlée notes that in this world of interpretation and translation, surrounded by our semio-translational universe "perfused with signs," we can intuit whether or not an object in front of us (dis)qualifies as a text. This spontaneous understanding requires no formalized definition in order to "happen" in the receivers of text-signs. The author further observes that translated signs are not only intelligible for target audiences, but also work together as a "theatre of consciousness" or a "theatre of controversy" which the author views as powered by Charles S. Peirce’s three categories of Firstness, Secondness, and Thirdness.
This book presents the virtual community of translators as emotional, dynamical, intellectual but not infallible semioticians. They translate text-signs from one language and culture into another, thus creating an innovative sign-milieu packed with intuitive, dynamic, and changeable signs. Translators produce fleeting and fallible text-translations, with obvious errors caused by ignorance or misguided knowledge. Text-signs are translatable, yet there is no such thing as a perfect or "final" translation. And without the ongoing creating of translated signs of all kinds, there would be no novelty, no vagueness, no manipulation of texts and – for that matter – no semiosis.
Dinda L. Gorlée directs a multilingual legal translation office in The Hague and is associated with University of Bergen, Wittgenstein Archives and University of Helsinki, Department of Translation Studies. Her research interests are semiotic studies in relation to translation, vocal translation, text semiotics, and legal translation. Gorlée is widely published in semiotics and translation studies. Her publications include the volume Semiotics and the Problem of Translation: With Special Reference to the Semiotics of Charles S. Peirce (1994). After "Grieg’s Swan Songs" in Semiotica (2002), Gorlée is preparing the volume Song and Significance: Interlingual and Intersemiotic Vocal Translation.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the founder of pragmatism, is generally considered the most significant American philosopher. Popularized by William James and John Dewey, pragmatism advocates that our philosophical theories be linked to experience and practice. The essays in this volume reveal how Peirce developed this concept.
"This volume contains 11 essays that expertly cover many aspects of the philosophy of the classical American pragmatist Charles Sanders Peirce...Recommended." — D.B. BOERSEMA, Pacific University, CHOICE
"This collection will no doubt cause future Peirce scholars to dig deeper and reach higher" — MICHAEL KUBARA, University of Lethbridge
Comment les hommes parviennent-ils à "se faire une idée" de quelque chose? La question appartient depuis toujours aux épistémologues des sciences. Mais c'est aussi celle des architectes et des artistes. Le développement massif des artefacts techniqueso dans les sciences de l'ingénieur repose aujourd'hui la question de la nature de l'activité de conception aux praticiens des nouvelles technologies de l'intelligence, dans des champs disciplinaires de plus en plus diversifiés et élargis.
Pour l'ingénierie comme pour la recherche scientifique, le maître mot est celui de modèle ou ses quasi-synonymes que sont diagrammes, schémas, maquettes, prototypes, cartes et autres plans. Ces instruments au moyen desquels nous modélisons articulent toujours deux mondes. L'un est ce monde dont le modèle tient lieu, un monde encore vague au début de tout procès de conception, quelquefois appelé référence. L'autre est un monde attendu, en vue duquel le modèle s'élabore, le monde de l'interprétation du précédent.
Le lieu d'inscription théorique des pratiques de conception se trouve donc situé au carrefour de ces deux mondes, un lieu virtuel instigateur d'un troisième monde, celui de la représentation. Les conditions et les modalités de cette articulation ont été posées au siècle dernier par CS Peirce dans une analyse relationnelle du signe, la Sémiotique. Elle se caractérise comme une phénoménologie des processus de signification doublée d'une logique de ses conditions de possibilité. A plus d'un titre il s'agit, un siècle plus tard, d'une œuvre profondément actuelle.
Le lecteur trouvera dans cet ouvrage une présentation rigoureuse d'un système de pensée réputé complexe, peu diffusé en langue française. Confronté aux différentes manières dont ses modèles peuvent s'élaborer, s'interpréter, communiquer, informer et en définitive faire sens, le lecteur y trouvera aussi les points de repères nécessaires à l'instrumentation technique de la conception, particulièrement celle des logiciels.
How do people manage to "get an idea" of something? The question has always belonged to epistemologists of science. But it is also that of architects and artists. The massive development of technical artifacts in engineering today poses the question of the nature of the activity of design to practitioners of new technologies of intelligence, in some disciplinary fields ever increasingly diversified and expanded.
For engineering likewise as for scientific research, the key word is the model or its quasi-synonyms such as diagrams, drawings, models, prototypes, maps and other plans. The instruments with which we model always articulate both worlds. One is that world of which the model takes the place, a world yet vague at the beginning of any trial design, sometimes called reference. The other is an expected world, for which the model is developed, the world of the interpretation of the preceding.
The place of theoretical registration of design practices is therefore located at the intersection of these two worlds, a virtual place instigative of a third world, that of representation. The terms and conditions of this juncture were raised in the last century by CS Peirce in a relational analysis of the sign, Semiotic. It is characterized as a phenomenology of the process of signification coupled with a logic of its conditions of possibility. In many respects this is, a century later, a work deeply current.
The reader will find in this book a rigorous presentation of a system of thought famously complex, little diffused in the French language. Faced with the different ways in which models can be developed, be interpreted, communicate, inform, and ultimately make sense, the reader will also find the benchmarks required for the technical instrumentation of design, particularly of software.
This book seeks to penetrate the myths and conventions surrounding the terms "semiotics" and "semiology", including their respective associations with the persons of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) and Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913). The author traces through dictionary entries the emergence of each of these terms, along with their variations, to the status of accepted English language lexical items. The work demonstrates thus, by illustrative detail, the historical character of human understanding and discourse. The upshot of the research, what William Pencak calls "a semiotics of 'semiotics'," is to lay to eternal rest the idea that semiotics, along with semiology, was a mere fad of mid-20th century intellectual fashion. In the process, the book manages to suggest why, for the postmodern intellectual context, the term "semiotics" was destined to preponderate over its rival "semiology" as the most logically proper name under which a full-blown 'doctrine of signs' could come to articulation.
John Deely is Full Professor of Philosophy at the University of St. Thomas, Houston. His main research interest is the role of the action of signs in mediating objects and things, in particular the manner in which experience itself is a dynamic structure or web woven of triadic relations (signs in the strict sense) whose elements or terms (representamens, significates, and interpretants) interchange positions and roles over time in the spiral of semiosis. His most recent principal publications include Four Ages of Understanding (2001), What Distinguishes Human Understanding (2002), and The Impact on Philosophy of Semiotics (2003). A third edition of Basics of Semiotics (1990) is forthcoming (2005) in Bulgarian, Italian, and Estonian.
Palabras como semiótica y semiología se han vuelto habituales en el habla cotidiana tanto en periódicos como en medios académicos. Hay semiólogos que se han convertido en novelistas y comentaristas que emplean conceptos o palabras del vocabulario semiótico. Este libro apunta a clarificar términos de la semiótica desde la perspectiva de uno de sus fundadores: el filosofo estadounidense Charles Sanders Peirce. En vida fue apartado de los ámbitos académicos oficiales, cuyos popes lo juzgaron de modo lapidario. Su obra fue publicada póstumamente y buena parte de ella aún se está organizando. El mundo para Peirce aparece conformado por una malla de representaciones y de signos. Nos representamos realidades que no conocemos cabalmente pero las imaginamos, y lo hacemos con signos de diverso tipo con los que operamos diariamente. Nos manejamos con habilidad en un universo cada vez más acosado por ellos. Los signos y sus representaciones imponen interpretaciones. La interpretación es la llave maestra de una disciplina que todavía hoy tiene un horizonte vasto y casi inabarcable. De eso habla Peirce. Ésa fue su obsesión. Ella le produjo un éxtasis productivo: diseñó clasificaciones, categorías, tipos, para analizar los signos con un nivel tal de detalle que terminó organizando una maquinaria potente, dinámica y rigurosa. De todas estas cuestiones trata este libro que pretende ser una introducción a la obra de este visionario.
Words like semiotics and semiology have become common in everyday speech in newspapers and in academia. There semioticians who have become novelists and commentators employ semiotic concepts or vocabulary words. This book aims to clarify terms of semiotics from the perspective of one of its founders, the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce. In life he was removed from the official academic, whose popes tried him concisely. His work was published posthumously and much of it is still being organized. The world appears to Peirce formed by a mesh of representations and signs. We represent things that we do not fully know but imagine, and do it with signs of various kinds with which we operate daily. We manage ourselves with skill in an a universe increasingly harassed by them. Signs and representations impose interpretations. Interpretation is the master key to a discipline that still has a vast and almost unlimited horizons. Of that speaks Peirce. That was his obsession. It produced in him a productive ecstasy: he designed classifications, categories, types, so as to analyze the signs with a such level of detail that he ended up organizing a powerful, dynamic, and rigorous machinery. With all these issues deals this book that aims to be an introduction to the work of this visionary.
This radical reevaluation of one of the foundational figures of semiotics presents Peirce as the theorist of the "machinery of talk" rather than of the mind and its contents. The book is a genealogy of Peirce's writings on signs that seeks to account for the changes displayed across forty years of his work. The author's comprehensive knowledge of Peirce's work brings an incisive understanding to his notoriously elaborate and complex theory of signs, at the same time challenging some standard readings in Peirce scholarship. Freadman introduces the postulate of "genre" in order to argue that the transformation of materials from one genre in and by the objectives of another can account for the modifications in sign theory observable through the course of Peirce's career. The Machinery of Talk engages on a theoretical level with general issues in semiotics, taking Peirce's writings as a case study through which to investigate the adequacy of a theory of signs to account for the way "talk" works. It finds that "the sign" is inadequate without the accompanying postulate of "genre."
Anne Freadman is Associate Professor in the School of Languages and Comparative Cultural Studies at the University of Queensland.
Queiroz addresses following five questions: "what is a sign?," "How many kinds of signs can be conceived?," "How are they inter-related?," "How can these interrelations be modeled?," "How can they be empirically investigated?." Queiroz uses Peirce's speculative grammar to tackle the first four questions. Queiroz's main contribution lies mostly in his answer to the fourth question. In chapter four, Queiroz designs models to describe the classes of signs and develops an explanation of the n-trichotomic classifications in terms of diagrammatic models. The fifth question is addressed in a neuroenthological thought experiment specifically designed to reveal the hierarchical relations among different classes of signs.
Livro que relaciona o pensamento de Peirce ao de Descartes, é a demonstração, por C. S. Peirce, de que a investigação científica é sempre gratificante, pois é a maneira que o intelectual tem de conversar com a natureza em suas diversas escalas, a microscópica, a inorgânica, a biológica, a humana e a macroscópica. Uma das maiores especialistas no país sobre as teorias de Peirce, a autora traz a oportunidade de reflexão de como Peirce tomou Descartes por seu primeiro interlocutor, apontando deficiências do pensamento cartesiano com a convicção de que os novos tempos demandavam um raciocínio que transcendesse o legado do intelectual francês.
Book that relates Peirce's thought to that of Descartes, it is the demonstration by C. S. Peirce, that scientific research is always rewarding, as is the way that the intellectual has to talk with nature in its various scales, the microscopic, the inorganic, biological, human and macroscopic. One of the foremost experts in the country on the theories of Peirce, the author brings the opportunity for reflection on how Peirce took Descartes for his first interlocutor, pointing shortcomings of Cartesian thought with the conviction that the times demanded reasoning that transcends the legacy of the French intellectual.
In dieser Arbeit werden die Universaltheorien Niklas Luhmanns (1927-1998) und Charles Peirces (1839-1914) zum ersten Mal grundlegend aufeinander bezogen. Auf der Basis einer kritischen funktionalen Analyse von System- und Zeichentheorie wird ein Zeichensystem neu konstruiert, dessen Auflöse- und Rekombinationsvermögen höher ist als das der genannten Einzeldisziplinen. Die theoretisch erzielten Ergebnisse lassen sich als Grundlage für konkrete sprach- und literaturwissenschaftliche oder auch soziologische Problemstellungen verwenden. Zudem kann das Buch als Einführung in das Denken Luhmanns und Peirces gelesen werden.
This study is the first to make a systematic attempt to relate the universal theories of Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998) and Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) to one another. On the basis of a critical functional analysis of systems theory and semiotic theory, a newly designed semiotic system is proposed that displays a higher resolution and recombination potential than the individual disciplines involved. The theoretical results can be used as a foundation for dealing with concrete linguistic, literary, or sociological problems. In addition, the book can be read as an introduction to the thinking of Luhmann and Peirce.
La ricerca dei fondamenti ultimi della conoscenza e della razionalità è da tempo considerata assai problematica e, dopo tutto, infeconda. In alternativa, gran parte del pensiero contemporaneo si è impegnato ad esplicitare le diverse funzioni e istanze che intessono l'attività conoscitiva e razionale, introducendo apparati concettuali che pregiudicano fortemente l'istanza fondazionalista della filosofia moderna. Questo volume esplora la rilevanza del pragmatismo di Ch. S. Peirce, W. James e G. H. Mead rispetto a tale orientamento, rintracciando nella loro complessa versione del concetto di esperienza i presupposti di un discorso filosofico che insiste sulla natura interpretativa e perciò sempre fallibile dei processi cognitivi, senza tuttavia cedere agli esiti scettici della crisi del fondazionalismo. L'esame di un gruppo di temi che continuano ad alimentare il dibattito odierno - quali l'autocoscienza, il linguaggio, il rapporto tra fattori empirici e logico-semantici della conoscenza, tra individualità e socialità, tra scienza ed etica, tra affettività e razionalità - evidenzia il carattere antidogmatico della vena naturalistica del pragmatismo e il suo impegno "terapeutico" nei confronti dei vari dualismi sottesi alla tradizione filosofica occidentale. Si prospetta così una lettura del pensiero di Peirce, James e Mead che, a differenza di quelle prevalenti, valuta i loro punti di vista come modi diversi di declinare un progetto comune, piuttosto che come veri e propri contrasti speculativi.
The search for the ultimate foundations of knowledge and rationality has long been regarded as highly problematic and, ultimately, infertile. Alternatively, much of contemporary thought has committed itself to explain the various functions and instances that weave cognitive and rational activity, introducing conceptual apparatuses that strongly affect the foundational instance of modern philosophy. This volume explores the relevance of pragmatism of Ch. S. Peirce, William James and G. H. Mead with respect to this orientation, tracking in their complex version of the concept of experience the prerequisites for a philosophical discourse that emphasizes the interpretive nature of fallible and therefore always cognitive processes, but without succumbing to the skeptical results of the crisis of foundationalism. The examination of a set of themes that continue to fuel the debate today - such as self-awareness, language, the relationship between empirical factors and logical-semantic knowledge, between individuality and sociality, between science and ethics, between emotions and rationality - highlights the anti-dogmatic nature of the naturalistic vein of pragmatism and its "therapeutic" commitment against the various dualisms underpinning the Western philosophical tradition. It promises a reading of the thought of Peirce, James and Mead who, unlike those prevailing, assess their views as different ways to decline a common project, rather than as real speculative contrasts.
Questa antologia rende disponibili in lingua italiana alcuni testi fondamentali, alcuni inediti, del filosofo pragmatista americano intorno a mente, mondo e scrittura. Susanna Marietti, che collabora alle ricerche della cattedra di filosofia teoretica della Università Statale di Milano, con la sua introduzione e la sua scelta conduce i lettori al centro del pragmatismo di Peirce, del quale i celebri grafi esistenziali costituiscono il tratto più originale.
This anthology makes available some basic texts in Italian, some unpublished, of the American pragmatist philosopher around the mind, the world and writing. Susanna Arnold, who collaborates with research professor of theoretical philosophy at the University of Milan, with its introduction and its choice takes readers to the center of the pragmatism of Peirce, of which the famous existential graphs constitute the most original trait.
American pragmatism is fertile soil for new growth in Western religious thought
This distinctive collection of classical and contemporary readings comes at a time when pragmatism is undergoing a renaissance across a spectrum of disciplines. Pragmatism and Religion addresses an important but overlooked issue: whether or not the deep passions and commitments of American pragmatism's central figures are independent of Western religious traditions.
The first of the book's three sections samples pragmatism's religious roots. "Classical Sources" includes works by John Winthrop, Jonathan Edwards, Henry David Thoreau, and Ralph Waldo Emerson, as well as Charles Sanders Peirce's "Evolutionary Love," William James's "Philosophy" (chapter 18 of The Varieties of Religious Experience), and selections by John Dewey, W. E. B. Du Bois, John McDermott, and Richard Rorty.
Part 2, "Contemporary Essays on the American Tradition of Religious Thought," features Richard Bernstein's "Pragmatism's Common Faith," Stuart Rosenbaum's "Morality and Religion," and Robert Westbrook's "Uncommon Faith," among others.
Part 3, "Theism, Secularism, and Religion: Seeking a Common Faith" includes Raymond D. Boisvert's "What Is Religion?" Sandra B. Rosenthal's "Spirituality and the Spirit of American Pragmatism," Carl Vaught's "Dewey's Conception of the Religious Dimension of Experience," and Steven C. Rockefeller's "Faith and Ethics in an Interdependent World," among others.
Stuart Rosenbaum's contemporary contributors are among the best in the fields of pragmatism and pragmatism in religion. A unique resource, Pragmatism and Religion will serve students of religion, history, and philosophy, as well as those in interdisciplinary core courses.
« Pragmatisme et sciences normatives » constitue le deuxième volume de l'édition française des Œuvres de Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), philosophe, logicien, mathématicien, homme de science et métaphysicien américain, dont l'œuvre monumentale est indispensable pour comprendre les principaux courants de la philosophie contemporaine, de la tradition dite « continentale » à la philosophie analytique.
Les Œuvres visent à combler une lacune et à présenter au public français un choix significatif des multiples facettes de la pensée de ce philosophe majeur, en suivant un ordre thématique et le plus souvent chronologique ; les résultats de la recherche en cours menée par l'édition américaine (Peirce Edition Project, Université d'Indiana) sont pris en compte, et l'édition s'appuie sur les manuscrits autographes (en donnant toujours les références).
Ce deuxième volume complète le choix de textes opéré dans le volume I, « Pragmatisme et pragmaticisme », qui retraçait l'élaboration du pragmatisme peircien depuis les années 1868 jusqu'à la formulation de la « maxime pragmatiste » dans les articles de 1878-1879, et montrait, à la lumière des conférences prononcées à Harvard en 1903, l'unité et la spécificité de la démarche peircienne. Il s'agit ici de préciser le sens de ce pragmaticisme, de lever des malentendus, de faire voir notamment ce qui le sépare des versions humanistes, matérialistes, hédonistes, nominalistes qu'en donnent W. James, F.C.S. Schiller ou l'italien Calderoni. De montrer comment il s'articule à une philosophie du sens commun critique inspirée de la philosophie écossaise (Thomas Reid), mais aussi de Kant. Les textes réunis à la fin du volume soulignent les liens étroits entre pragmatisme et sciences normatives (logique, pratique – plutôt qu'éthique – et esthétique), dégageant la subtilité de la version peircienne : non pas une vision du monde ou un système qui réduirait la pensée à l'action, à l'utile, au vital ou à la morale, mais une méthode expérimentale et réaliste du contrôle normé de la conduite, visant un idéal ultime dans lequel s'équilibrent instinct, sentiment et raison.
Pragmatism and Normative Sciences is the second volume of the French edition of the Œuvres of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), philosopher, logician, mathematician, scientist and metaphysician U.S., whose monumental work is needed to understand the main currents of contemporary philosophy, of the tradition called "continental" in analytic philosophy.
The works aim to fill a gap and to present the French public a meaningful choice of many facets of the thought of the philosopher,in following a thematic and oftenest chronological order; the results of the research being conducted by the American edition (Peirce Edition Project, Indiana University) are taken into account, and the edition is based on the autograph manuscripts (always giving references).
This second volume completes the choice of texts made in Volume I, "Pragmatism and pragmaticism," which traced the development of Peircean pragmatism from the years 1868 to the formulation of the "pragmatic maxim" in articles 1878-1879 and showed, in the light of lectures delivered at Harvard in 1903, the unity and specificity of the Peircean approach. It is necessary to clarify the meaning of this pragmaticism, resolve misunderstandings, especially to see what separates it from the humanistic, materialistic, hedonistic, nominalistic versions of it that W. James, F.C.S. Schiller, and the Italian Calderoni give of it. To show how it articulates a philosophy of critical common sense inspired by the Scottish philosophy (Thomas Reid), but also of Kant. The texts gathered at the end of the volume emphasize the close links between pragmatism and normative sciences (logic, practics - rather than ethics - and aesthetics), clarifying the subtlety of the Peircean version: not a worldview or a system that reduces thought to action, to the useful, to the vital, or to the moral, but an experimental and realist method of normed control of conduct, for an ultimate ideal in which instinct, sentiment, and reason are balanced.
This book discusses Process Pragmatism, the view that whatever is, derives from interactions. The contributors examine and defend its merits by focusing on major topics, including truth, the existence of unobservables, the origin of knowledge, scientific activity, mathematical functions, laws of nature, and moral agency.
Questo libro presenta l'opera dell'"ultimo Peirce", che potrebbe essere sinteticamente definita come "la critica del pragmatismo". Negli ultimi anni della sua vita, infatti, il fondatore del pragmatismo americano Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) scrisse alcuni articoli dai contenuti piuttosto originali - innanzi tutto quello sulla realtà di Dio - e lasciò migliaia di pagine di manoscritti sui temi più vari. L'attento esame di tutti questi scritti fa emergere una nuova concezione di semiotica (che per Peirce coincide con la logica) all'interno della quale la massima pragmatica, secondo cui la comprensione di un significato coincide con la totalità dei suoi effetti concepibili, perde il suo ruolo centrale limitandosi a essere considerata una formula sintetica della metodologia della ricerca.
Il cuore della ricerca diventa, invece, il legame che i segni producono con la realtà all'interno della retroduzione o abduzione, il tipo di ragionamento che presiede a tutte le scoperte. Tale legame è assicurato da ciò che Peirce chiama "istinto razionale", l'attitudine che l'uomo ha per il ragionamento, la quale si caratterizza per una certa tendenza a trovare la verità.
Dell'istinto razionale si studiano qui tanto i rapporti con mente, coscienza e ragione quanto l'effettiva dinamica all'interno della semiotica e delle scienze normative (estetica ed etica) che, secondo Peirce, presiedono alla formazione del ragionamento. Il rapporto che l'istinto razionale instaura tra la semiotica e la realtà getta nuova luce sul realismo metafisico estremo al quale Peirce aderì, mostrandone sia la centralità all'interno del pensiero del filosofo americano sia i punti problematici o aporetici.
Giovanni Maddalena (Torino, 1971) ha conseguito il dottorato di ricerca presso l'Università di Roma Tre ed è attualmente assegnista di ricerca presso l'Università del Piemonte Orientale. Oltre ad articoli su Bergson, MacIntyre e Peirce, ha pubblicato la monografia La lotta delle tradizioni. A. MacIntyre e la filosofia americana, L'Arciere, Cuneo, 2000 e la raccolta di scritti peirceiani Pragmatismo e oltre, Bompiani, Milano, 2000.
This book presents the work of '"last Peirce," which may be briefly defined as "the critique of pragmatism." In the last years of his life, in fact, the founder of American pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) wrote some articles by content rather original - first of all, that the reality of God - and left thousands of pages of manuscripts on various topics. The careful consideration of all these writings reveals a new concept of semiotics (which coincides with the Peirce logic) in which the pragmatic maxim, according to which the understanding of meaning coincides with the totality of its effects conceivable loses its central role merely to be regarded as a kind of summary of the research methodology.
The heart of the research becomes, instead, the link that the signs produced with the reality inside the retroduction or abduction, the type of reasoning that presides over all discoveries. This link is provided by what Peirce calls "rational instinct," the attitude that man has for the argument, which is characterized by a tendency to find the truth.
Rational instinct we study here a long relationship with the mind, consciousness and reason as the actual dynamics within semiotics and the normative sciences (aesthetics and ethics) that, according to Peirce, govern the formation of reasoning. The relationship that develops between the rational instinct semiotics and actually sheds new light on metaphysical realism extreme to which Peirce joined, showing both the centrality of thought within the American philosopher is problematic points or aporetic.
Giovanni Maddalena (Turin, 1971) received his Ph.D. from the University of Rome and is currently a research fellow at the University of Eastern Piedmont. In addition to articles on Bergson, MacIntyre and Peirce, published the monograph The Struggle of Traditions: A. MacIntyre and American philosophy, L'Arciere, Cuneo, 2000, and the collection of writings Peircean and Other Pragmatism and beyond, Simon and Schuster, Milan, 2000.
Praise for previous volumes:
"... an excellent collection reflecting the ever-widening appeal and potential of Peirce's logic of signs." — Peirce Project Newsletter [about Volume II] [quotation link].
"To anyone interested in the cognitive bases of language and/or the theoretical foundations of linguistics, this book has a great deal to offer." — Language
Philosophers and linguists have come together for this volume to provide a glimpse of current thinking about language in a semiotic mode and of the analyses that result from applying the theory of signs of the American philosopher-scientist Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) to subjects that Peirce himself did not explore in any depth. Contributors include Victor Friedman, Laura Janda, Tony Jappy, Dines Johansen, Dan Nesher, João Queiroz, Joëlle Réthoré, Michael Shapiro, and Nils Thelin.
Michael Shapiro is Professor of Slavic and Semiotic Studies at Brown University.
From Cause to Causation presents both a critical analysis of C.S. Peirce's conception of causation, and a novel approach to causation, based upon the semeiotic of Peirce.
The book begins with a review of the history of causation, and with a critical discussion of contemporary theories of the concept of `cause'. The author uncovers a number of inadequacies in the received views of causation, and discusses their historical roots. He makes a distinction between "causality", which is the relation between cause and effect, and causation, which is the production of a certain effect. He argues that, by focusing on causality, the contemporary theories fatally neglect the more fundamental problem of causation. The author successively discusses Peirce's theories of final causation, natural classes, semeiotic, and semeiotic causation. Finally, he uses Peirce's semeiotic to develop a new approach to causation, which relates causation to our experience of signs.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), philosophe, logicien, mathématicien et scientifique américain, est surtout connu comme le fondateur du pragmatisme (mouvement souvent associé au matérialisme, à l'empirisme et aux noms de William James et de John Dewey). Cette philosophie à part entière instaure une nouvelle médiation entre théorie et pratique, fondée sur une réévaluation du langage symbolique, de la sémiotique (ou théorie des signes), des catégories de la pensée, et de la métaphysique.
En dépit de son extraordinaire productivité, l'œuvre de Peirce se présente souvent de manière fragmentée. Avec « Pragmatisme et pragmaticisme » commence la publication française des principaux écrits de ce philosophe majeur, dont l'œuvre est indispensable pour comprendre l'évolution de philosophes européens ou « continentaux » comme Habermas et Apel aussi bien que celle des courants qui se rattachent à la philosophie analytique.
Les « œuvres » veulent combler une lacune et présenter au public français un choix significatif des multiples facettes de la pensée de Peirce par ordre thématique et le plus souvent chronologique. Les résultats de la recherche en cours menée par l'édition américaine (Peirce Edition Project, Université d'Indiana) sont pris en compte, et l'édition s'appuie sur les manuscrits autographes (en donnant toujours les références).
Le volume I, « Pragmatisme et pragmaticisme » comporte deux parties : dans la première, un ensemble de textes retrace, par ordre chronologique, l'élaboration progressive du pragmatisme peircien depuis les années 1868 jusqu'à la formulation de la « maxime pragmatiste » dans les articles de 1878-1879. Dans une seconde partie, les sept conférences prononcées en 1903 à Harvard permettent de saisir l'unité mais aussi la grande complexité et la spécificité de la version « pragmaticiste » proposée par Peirce du pragmatisme.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) an American philosopher, logician, mathematician and scientist, is especially known as the founder of pragmatism (a movement associated with materialism, empiricism and the names of William James and John Dewey). This philosophy in its own right institutes a new mediation between theory and practice, founded on the re-assessment of symbolic language, semiotics, categories of thought and metaphysics.
Despite his extraordinary productivity, the work of Peirce is often presented in a fragmented manner. ‘Pragmatisme et pragmaticisme’ launches the publication of Peirce’s principal writings in France. A major philosopher, his work is indispensable for those who wish to understand the evolution of European philosophers or the ‘continentals’ like Habermas or Apel, as well as the currents associated with analytical philosophy.
This book aims to fill a void by presenting to the French public a significant choice of the many facets of Peirce’s thought presented in thematic - and most often chronological - order. The results of on-going research conducted for the American publisher (Peirce Edition Project, University of Indiana) have been taken into account. This edition draws on the author’smanuscripts (references are always provided).
Volume 1, ‘Pragmatisme et pragmaticisme’ is in two parts: in the first a group of texts retraces, in chronological order, the progressive elaboration of Peirce’s pragmatism from 1868 to the formulation of the ‘pragmatist maxim’ in the articles of 1878-79. In the second part, the seven conferences given at Harvard allow us to grasp the unity, but also the complexity and specificity of the ‘pragamticist’ version of pragmatism, proposed by Peirce.
Peirce's Scientific Metaphysics is the first book devoted to understanding Charles Sanders Peirce's (1839-1914) metaphysics from the perspective of the scientific questions that motivated his thinking. While offering a detailed account of the scientific ideas and theories essential for understanding Peirce's metaphysical system, this book is written in a manner accessible to the non-specialist.
Andrew Reynolds is assistant professor in the department of philosophy and religious studies at the University College of Cape Breton, Sydney, Nova Scotia.
"Those grappling with the intricacies of Peirce's philosophy will be much farther ahead after reading Reynold's book." — Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Dissertation. University of Western Ontario, 1997.
This dissertation explores Peirce's attempts to explain irreversible processes and the evolutionary development of complexity and order within the universe as a whole. It uncovers two distinct models of irreversible behavior in Peirce's thinking. One is based upon the law of large umbers of probability and statistics; the other, which is better known in Pierce scholarship, is called by Peirce the law of mind or, equivalently, the law of habit. Both of these models describe a type of teleological process. That which is described by the law of large numbers is a comparatively weak stochastic telos. The law of habit involves a much stronger notion of final cause characteristic of conscious and deliberate goal-seeking behavior. Peirce's attempts to explain how the stronger version arises from the weaker version is investigated, with special attention being paid to his attempt to give a molecular theory of protoplasm based upon the principles of the statistical mechanical theory of matter.
The claim is made that the two distinct models of evolutionary phenomena found in Peirce's cosmological theory are in tension with one another. This tension is formulated here as two separate problems: a problem of redundancy and a problem of incompatibility. Moreover it becomes apparent that there is related ambiguity in Peirce's thinking about the evolution of natural laws. While the law of large numbers seems suitable as an explanation of law in the sense of a mere statistical uniformity, it has definite shortcomings as an account of the growth of dynamical (i.e., causal) law. For this topic the law of habit naturally suggests itself as a superior hypothesis. Yet Peirce never makes the distinction between the two models explicit and even appears to offer both as accounts of the very same phenomena. In summary, Peirce apparently failed to realize that he was relying on two distinct models and so was unaware of the difficulties which their combination entails.
At the dawn of modern logic, Charles S. Peirce invented two types of logical systems, one symbolic and the other graphical. In this book Sun-Joo Shin explores the philosophical roots of the birth of Peirce's Existential Graphs in his theory of representation and logical notation. Shin demonstrates that Peirce is the first philosopher to lay a solid philosophical foundation for multimodal representation systems.
Shin analyzes Peirce's well-known, but much-criticized nonsymbolic representation system. She presents a new approach to his graphical system based on her discovery of its unique nature and on a reconstruction of Peirce's theory of representation. By seeking to understand graphical systems on their own terms, she uncovers the reasons why graphical systems, and Existential Graphs in particular, have been underappreciated among logicians. Drawing on perspectives from the philosophy of mind, cognitive science, logic, and computer science, Shin provides evidence for a genuinely interdisciplinary project on multimodal reasoning.
Sun-Joo Shin is Professor of Philosophy at Yale University.
"This book reports extremely exciting new results which have major importance for the understanding of graphical logics and important implications outside logic for understanding cognition."—Keith Stenning, The Human Communication Research Centre, University of Edinburgh
"This book makes a significant contribution to the field. The concept that being formal does not necessarily entail being sentential is a refreshing change for modern logic."—Gerard Allwein, Department of Computer Science, Indiana University
The Metaphysical Club is the winner of the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for History.
A riveting, original book about the creation of modern American thought.
The Metaphysical Club was an informal group that met in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1872, to talk about ideas. Its members included Oliver Well Holmes, Jr., future associate justice of the United States Supreme Court; William James, the father of modern American psychology; and Charles Sanders Peirce, logician, scientist, and the founder of semiotics. The Club was probably in existence for about nine months. No records were kept. The one thing we know that came out of it was an idea -- an idea about ideas. This book is the story of that idea.
Holmes, James, and Peirce all believed that ideas are not things "out there" waiting to be discovered but are tools people invent -- like knives and forks and microchips -- to make their way in the world. They thought that ideas are produced not by individuals, but by groups of individuals -- that ideas are social. They do not develop according to some inner logic of their own but are entirely depent [sic] -- like germs -- on their human carriers and environment [this especially is not quite Peirce's view — B.U.]. And they thought that the survival of any idea deps [sic] not on its immutability but on its adaptability.
The Metaphysical Club is written in the spirit of this idea about ideas. It is not a history of philosophy but an absorbing narrative about personalities and social history, a story about America. It begins with the Civil War and ends in 1919 with Justice Holmes's dissenting opinion in the case of U.S. v. Abrams - the basis for the constitutional law of free speech. The first four sections of the book focus on Holmes, James, Peirce, and their intellectual heir, John Dewey. The last section discusses some of the fundamental twentieth-century ideas they are associated with. This is a book about a way of thinking that changed American life."
Louis Menand is a professor of English at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York and a staff writer at The New Yorker, and has been a contributing editor of The New York Review of Books since 1994. He is the author of Discovering Modernism: T. S. Eliot and His Context and the editor of The Future of Academic Freedom and Pragmatism: A Reader.
A cool, lucid examination of the thought of the American philosopher Charles S. Peirce, offering an important clarification and an innovative way to view human actions and the way management is practiced.
Good managers do not simply get things done—they do the right things. They are ethical. Through an examination of the work of Charles S. Peirce, the American philosopher who coined the term pragmatism in 1872, Fontrodona emerges with important clarifications, as well as an innovative view of human action and the practice of management. Pragmatism, often misunderstood as a triumph of pure effectiveness, is actually a process by which people, through action, reveal and develop themselves using virtue and value.
In Part I, Fontrodona considers human action not only from the viewpoint of its effectiveness, but also from its purposefulness. In Part II, the study turns to Peirce's thought about the nature of science, which shows us that while management is eminently practical, it is also based on a scientific approach. Part III presents three principles for human action drawn from the three normative sciences: creativity based on logic; community based on ethics; and character based on aesthetics. Finally, Fontrodona questions the presence of these principles in the commonly accepted, current models of management.
Will man den Pragmatismus angemessen verstehen, so sollte man sich mit seinen Fragen und Antworten im Augenblick seiner Entstehung auseinandersetzen. Dieses Buch bietet eine Einführung in den Pragmatismus, indem es ihn aus der Entwicklung des Denkens seiner Begründer Charles S. Peirce und William James erklärt.Englished with Google's help (improvements welcome):
To understand pragmatism appropriately, one should deal with its questions and answers at the moment of its creation. This book provides an introduction to pragmatism, by clarifying it from the development of thinking of its founders Charles S. Peirce and William James.
Nonostante le difficoltà con le quali si scontra il tentativo di offrire una lettura organica del pensiero di Charles Sanders Peirce vale la pena — e il presente volume ne è una prova — di continuare a impegnarsi in questa direzione. In particolare, come qui viene mostrato, le indagini di Peirce sull'ontologia e sulla metodologia delle scienze matematiche sembrano perdere gran parte del loro interesse, e perfino della loro comprensibilità, se non vengono inserite nel contesto di quel sistema fenomenologico che scaturisce in Peirce dal superamento del trascendentalismo kantiano. L'abbandono del dualismo fenomeno-noumeno a favore di una tavola categoriale di natura semiotica si ritrova a fondamento dell'approccio peirceano alla matematica, del carattere osservativo e sperimentale – e da qui informativo – attribuito dal filosofo americano a questa scienza. A partire da un'indagine dei concetti di astrazione ipostatica e di ragionamento teorematico, centrali nella trattazione peirceana delle scienze deduttive, questo lavoro si propone di interpretare le riflessioni di Peirce sulla conoscenza a priori nel complesso della fondazione gnoseologica della filosofia pragmatista dell'autore. Nozione centrale della ricerca è quella di diagramma, segno grafico peculiare del procedimento deduttivo, oggetto singolo e materiale, come tale passibile di osservazione. Il segno diagrammatico, pur partecipando di aspetti indessicali e simbolici, si rivela nel proprio carattere essenziale di icona, quale unica modalità semiotica in grado di farsi portatrice di nuova conoscenza.
Susanna Marietti (Roma 1968) ha conseguito il dottorato di ricerca in Filosofia presso l'Università degli Studi di Milano sotto la guida di Carlo Sini. Si è occupata principalmente del pensiero di Charles Sanders Peirce ed è autrice di studi sulla semiotica e la filosofia della matematica di questo autore.
Despite the difficulties which it encounters, the attempt to offer an organic reading of the thought of Charles Sanders Peirce is worth the pains — and this volume is proof of this — of continuing to work in this direction. In particular, as shown here, the investigations of Peirce's ontology and methodology of mathematics seem to lose much of their interest, and even of their comprehensibility, if they are not placed in the context of the phenomenological system that comes in Peirce from the overcoming of Kantian transcendentalism. The abandonment of phenomenon-noumenon dualism in favor of a categorial table of semiotic nature can be found at the foundation of the Peircean approach to mathematics, of the observational and experimental — and hence informative — character attributed by the American philosopher to this science. From a survey of the concepts of hypostatic abstraction and theorematic reasoningc, central in the discussion of Peirce's deductive sciences, this paper aims to interpret Peirce's reflections on the a priori knowledge on the whole of the epistemological foundation of the pragmatist philosophy of the author. Central notion of the research is that of the diagram, special graphic sign of the deductive process, single object and material, as such liable to observation. The diagrammatic sign, while participating in indexical and symbolic aspects, is revealed in its essential character of an icon, as the mode semiotic mode that can be the bearer of new knowledge.
Susanna Marietti (Rome, 1968) earned her Ph.D. in Philosophy at the University of Milan under the guidance of Carlo Sini. She is occupied mainly the thought of Charles Sanders Peirce and is the author of studies on semiotics and philosophy of mathematics of this author.
Marietti's dissertation begins with an analysis of Peirce's notion of hypostatic abstraction and its role in his study of mathematical reasoning. The categorical deduction of Peirce's 1867 On a New List of Categories is followed closely to show how this notion, although not yet explicitly formulated by Peirce, already plays a central role in his thought. Next, the notion of hypostatic abstraction--in its relation with philosophical realism--is set within the framework of mathematical reasoning. Within the same framework theorematic reasoning (which is related to hypostatic abstraction) is contrasted with corollarial reasoning. Marietti seeks to show how the distinction traced by Peirce between these two sorts of deductive reasoning provides a useful starting point to study the mathematical sign.
In chapter 2, the Peircean argument for the observational character of mathematics is considered. Mathematics is interpreted as an informational and experimental science, and the mathematician's work is compared with that of empirical scientists. The notion of diagram is introduced and is considered in its indexical, symbolical, and iconical aspects. A comparison with Kantian philosophy, which is a recurrent theme in the dissertation, shows how for Peirce the mathematical diagram fulfills a role similar to that of the schemes in Kant's philosophy, albeit in a speculative context that avoids the phenomenon-noumenon dualism. Marietti concludes the chapter with an explanation of the relation between logic and mathematics and Peirce's constructive attitude toward deduction.
In chapter 3, mathematical and philosophical themes dealt with in the previous chapters are brought within Peirce's wider synechistic pragmatism, with explicit reference to inductive sciences, metaphysics, and cosmology. Further, the problem of fallibilism in mathematics is considered. The concluding fourth chapter surveys some modern interpretations of Peircean themes dealt with in the dissertation.
The author of this study invokes Peirce's logic in order to clarify the operational procedures of dialectic, foundational, and doctrinal theology. He argues that Peirce's theory of the normative sciences casts light on three forms of conversion: affective, intellectual, and moral conversion. From a normative account of the dynamics of five forms of conversion, he derives specific criteria for authenticating and calling into question both doctrinal statements about the content of religious faith and different theories of theological method. The third and final chapter tests the adequacy of the suggested criteria by applying them to the symbolic Christology of Roger Haight.
Donald L. Gelpi is Beckman Chair in Theology, Xavier University, Ohio. As an ordained priest, Gelpi has worked in academia for over twenty years. He has published numerous papers in scholarly journals and is the author of several books including, The Conversion Experience: A Reflective Process for RCIA Participants and Others (Paulist, 1998) and Varieties of Transcendental Experience: A Study in Constructive Post-Modernism (The Liturgical Press, 2000).
"The Foundations of Pragmatism in American Thought" series offers two sets of volumes containing the most significant defenses and critiques of pragmatism written before World War I: the "Early Defenders of Pragmatism" and "Early Critics of Pragmatism". This, the first collection, "Early Defenders", provides key texts for understanding the context of pragmatism's years of greatest vitality. Each author was either a pragmatist of stature in their own right, or a formidable philosophical critic from a rival school of thought. They all participated in the heated controversies over pragmatism during its first decade, and drew onthis experience to sum up their views in their books reprinted in these sets. The early critics represent the broad spectrum of philosophical activity at the start of the 20th century. James B. Pratt was educated at Harvard; initially attracted to James's pragmatism, he soon became a member of the Realist movement. Paul Carus, the editor of "The Monist", and Albert Schinz, a scholar of language and literature, deplored pragmatism's relativism. William Caldwell was a product of the Cornell school of idealism. John T. Driscoll appealled to Thomistic scholasticism for his critique of pragmatism. The central texts of the movement can be found in this set, along with a representative selection of the secondary texts, reviews and responses they elicited. Each volume features a newly-commissioned introduction by a scholar of American pragmatism.
These volumes reprint five of the most significant critiques of pragmatism written before World War I, along with a selection of contemporary responses and replies. Each author was a formidable philosophical critic. James B. Pratt was educated at Harvard; initially attracted to James's pragmatism, he soon became a member of the Realist movement. Paul Carus, the editor of The Monist, and Albert Schinz, a scholar of language and literature, deplored pragmatism's relativism. William Caldwell was a product of the Cornell school of idealism. John T. Driscoll appealed to Thomistic scholasticism for his critique of pragmatism. They all participated in the heated controversies over pragmatism during its first decade, and drew on this experience to sum up their views in their books reprinted in these sets. These are key texts for understanding the context of pragmatism's years of greatest vitality.
"The Foundations of Pragmatism in American Thought" series offers two sets of volumes containing the most significant defenses and critiques of pragmatism written before World War I: the "Early Defenders of Pragmatism" and "Early Critics of Pragmatism". This, the first collection, "Early Defenders", provides key texts for understanding the context of pragmatism's years of greatest vitality. The early defenders were products of pragmatism's three cradels. H. Heath Bawden was a graduate of the Chicago philosophy department, having studied with John Dewey and George Mead. John E. Boodin and Horace M. Kallen earned their PhD's with William James and Josiah Royce at Harvard. D.L. Murray and Howard V. Knox were independent scholars and writers inspired by F.C.S. Schiller's humanistic pragmatism at Oxford. This collection brings together the central texts of the movement along with a representative selection of the secondary texts, reviews and responses, they elicited. Each volume features a newly-commissioned introduction by a leading scholar of American pragmatism.
"The Foundations of Pragmatism in American Thought Series" offers two sets of volumes containing the most significant defenses and critiques of pragmatism written before World War I: the Early Defenders of Pragmatism and Early Critics of Pragmatism. This, the first collection, Early Defenders, provides key texts for understanding the context of pragmatism’s years of greatest vitality.
The early defenders were products of pragmatism’s three cradles. H. Heath Bawden was a graduate of the Chicago philosophy department, having studied with John Dewey and George Mead. John E. Boodin and Horace M. Kallen earned their Ph.Ds with William James and Josiah Royce at Harvard. D. L. Murray and Howard V. Knox were independent scholars and writers inspired by F. C. S. Schiller’s humanistic pragmatism at Oxford. This collection brings together the central texts of the movement along with a representative selection of the secondary texts, reviews and responses, they elicited. Each volume features a newly-commissioned introduction by a leading scholar of American pragmatism.
—five central texts reproduced in facsimile, accompanied by the main responses and replies, reset in new typography
—scattered and scarce works available together for the first time
—new introductions to each volume by leading scholars of American pragmatism
This book redraws the intellectual map and sets the agenda in philosophy for the next fifty or so years. By making the theory of signs the dominant theme in Four Ages of Understanding, John Deely has produced a history of philosophy that is innovative, original, and complete. The first full-scale demonstration of the centrality of the theory of signs to the history of philosophy, Four Ages of Understanding provides a new vantage point from which to review and reinterpret the development of intellectual culture at the threshold of "globalization".
Deely examines the whole movement of past developments in the history of philosophy in relation to the emergence of contemporary semiotics as the defining moment of Postmodernism. Beginning traditionally with the Pre-Socratic thinkers of early Greece, Deely gives an account of the development of the notion of signs and of the general philosophical problems and themes which give that notion a context through four ages: Ancient philosophy, covering initial Greek thought; the Latin age, philosophy in European civilization from Augustine in the 4th century to Poinsot in the 17th; the Modern period, beginning with Descartes and Locke; and the Postmodern period, beginning with Charles Sanders Peirce and continuing to the present. Reading the complete history of philosophy in light of the theory of the sign allows Deely to address the work of thinkers never before included in a general history, and in particular to overcome the gap between Ockham and Descartes which has characterized the standard treatments heretofore. One of the essential features of the book is the way in which it shows how the theme of signs opens a perspective for seeing the Latin Age from its beginning with Augustine to the work of Poinsot as an indigenous development and organic unity under which all the standard themes of ontology and epistemology find a new resolution and place.
A magisterial general history of philosophy, Deely's book provides both a strong background to semiotics and a theoretical unity between philosophy's history and its immediate future. With "Four Ages of Understanding" Deely sets a new agenda for philosophy as a discipline entering the 21st century.
John Deely has been a Professor of Philosophy since 1976 at Loras College in Dubuque, Iowa, and is now at the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas.
Signs, Solidarities, & Sociology addresses the formation and fragmentation of identity in today's postmodern world. Informed by the conceptual convergence in the theories of Durkheim, Peirce, Mead, and Lacan, this book surveys the range of twentieth-century sociology to deconstruct those favored nostrums of subjective meaning, personal power, and autonomous selfhood that comprise its semantics of agency. Revealed beneath this semantic screen is the triad of pragmatic codes—premodern affiliation, modern calibration, and postmodern globalization—that govern the social construction of the self. While the ill-comprehended confluence of these three signification codes in the present world situation can indeed fragment personal identity, their formal structural linkages, as shown in this book, may inform a truly postmodern, globally applicable science of culture.
Blasco José Sobrinho is assistant professor of sociology, University of Cincinnati.
Peirce’s semiotics and metaphysics compared to the thought of other leading philosophers.
"This is essential reading for anyone who wants to find common ground between the best of American semiotics and better-known European theories. Deledalle has done more than anyone else to introduce Peirce to European audiences, and now he sends Peirce home with some new flare."—Nathan Houser, Director, Peirce Edition Project
Charles S. Peirce’s Philosophy of Signs examines Peirce’s philosophy and semiotic thought from a European perspective, comparing the American’s unique views with a wide variety of work by thinkers from the ancients to moderns. Parts I and II deal with the philosophical paradigms which are at the root of Peirce’s new theory of signs, pragmatic and social. The main concepts analyzed are those of "sign" and "semiosis" and their respective trichotomies; formally in the case of "sign," in time in the case of semiosis. Part III is devoted to comparing Peirce’s theory of semiotics as a form of logic to the work of other philosophers, including Bertrand Russell, Wittgenstein, Frege, Philodemus, Lady Welby, Saussure, Morris, Jakobson, and Marshall McLuhan. Part IV compares Peirce’s "scientific metaphysics" with European metaphysics.
Gérard Deledalle holds the Doctorate in Philosophy from the Sorbonne. A research scholar at Columbia University and Attaché at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, he has also been Professor of Philosophy and Head of the Philosophy Department of the universities of Tunis, Perpignan, and Libreville. In 1990 he received the Herbert W. Schneider Award "for distinguished contributions to the understanding and development of American philosophy. In 2001, he was appointed vice-president of the Charles S. Peirce Society.
This study ponders different ways Christian thinkers understood humanity in its relationship to divine grace. It names fallacies that have in the past skewed theological understanding of that relationship. It argues that the philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce avoided those same fallacies and provides a novel frame of reference for rethinking the theology of grace. The author shows how the insights of other American philosophers flesh out undeveloped aspects of Peirce's thought. He formulates a metaphysics of experience derived from his philosophical analysis. Finally, he develops an understanding of supernatural grace as the transmutation and transvaluation of human experience.
This special double issue of Cybernetics and Human Knowing is comprised of a collection of papers devoted to the cybernetics and mathematics of Charles Sanders Peirce with a special focus on its synergies with George Spencer-Brown’s thinking. Peirce was a truly original American philosopher and logician working in the late 1800s and early 1900s; Spencer-Brown is an English polymath, best known as the author of Laws of Form. The contributions reflect the extraordinary richness of Peirce’s work and his relevance to present concerns in cybernetics. The similarities in the focus on some of the deep foundational subjects are astonishing, amongst those especially the concept of the void or Firstness and the continuity of mind and matter.
If the most important development for the immediate future of philosophy is to be, as I believe,the realization of the centrality of the doctrine of signs to the understanding of being and experience for human animals, then Peirce’s recovery of the notion of signum for the Latins may be said to have marked the beginning of new age in philosophy. For, as we shall see, by overcoming the forgottenness of signum, Peirce also destroyed the common foundation upon which the mainstream modern philosophers, from Descartes and Locke to Kant, analytic philosophy and phenomenology in our own day, had constantly built. There are some today, culminating modernity with its doctrine that only the mind’s own constructions are properly said to be known, who have coined the phrase “postmodern” to advertise their stance. But the coinage cannot conceal the stipulation which guarantees that these would-be postmoderns are nothing more than surviving remnants of a dying age.
This book cuts through the complex writing style of the seminal philosopher, Charles Sanders Peirce. It disentangles his ideas, explains them one by one, and then puts the pieces back together for application to educational issues. Accessible to a general readership, this study provides useful insights into Peirce's pragmatism for educators and philosophers.
Pragmatismin perustajana tunnettu Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) on yksi Yhdysvaltain merkittävimpiä filosofeja.
Tähän kokoelmaan on suomennettu Peircen keskeisimpiä kirjoituksia ensi sijassa tieto-opista, tieteenfilosofiasta ja metafysiikasta. Näistä aiheista Peirce kirjoitti osan yleistajuisimpia ja tärkeimpiä artikkeleitaan. Monille tieteen pääperiaatteille hän esitti klassisen muotoilun, joka on vieläkin pätevä, ja useat filosofit (Popper, Apel, Niiniluoto) ovat kehittäneet sitä edelleen. Peirce esittelee aikansa tieteet, keskittyy luonnontieteiden suureen murrokseen ja tähyilee kiinnostavasti menneeseen ja tulevaan.
Known as the founder of pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is one of the most important philosophers from the United States.
A selection from Peirce's most central writings on, first and foremost, epistemology, philosophy of science, and metaphysics have been translated for this anthology. On these subjects Peirce wrote a number of his most popular and important articles. For many leading principles of science, he presented a classical formulation, which is still valid, and a number of philosophers (Popper, Apel, Niiniluoto) have developed them further. Peirce introduces contemporary disciplines of science, focusing on the great scientific revolution [of his age], and presents interesting vistas into the past and the future.
This brief text assists students in understanding Peirce's philosophy and thinking so they can more fully engage in useful, intelligent class dialogue and improve their understanding of course content. Part of the Wadsworth Notes Series, (which will eventually consist of approximately 100 titles, each focusing on a single "thinker" from ancient times to the present), ON PEIRCE is written by a philosopher deeply versed in the philosophy of this key thinker. Like other books in the series, this concise book offers sufficient insight into the thinking of a notable philosopher, better enabling students to engage in reading and to discuss the material in class and on paper.
If you have ever thought it would be helpful to have a compact treatment of Peirce that covers all the main points without the usual exciting but distracting sideshows, De Waal's On Peirce is the book you had in mind. It is organized after Peirce's own classification of the sciences and is divided into short, manageable sections that present concise but excellent summaries of Peirce's rich ideas. De Waal's aim is modest: "to make accessible the key elements of Peirce's thought and to bring them in relation to one another." He has succeeded admirably and has given us a very readable book that will surprise even longtime Peirce scholars with the clarity it brings to Peirce's full system of thought and with how well it positions readers to relate Peirce's ideas to contemporary issues. This book is perfect for the classroom.
This book is an account of the important influence on the development of mathematical logic of Charles S. Peirce and his student O.H. Mitchell, through the work of Ernst Schröder, Leopold Löwenheim, and Thoralf Skolem. As far as we know, this book is the first work delineating this line of influence on modern mathematical logic.
This volume explores abduction (inference to explanatory hypotheses), an important but neglected topic in scientific reasoning. My aim is to integrate philosophical, cognitive, and computational issues, while also discussing some cases of reasoning in science and medicine. The main thesis is that abduction is a significant kind of scientific reasoning, helpful in delineating the first principles of a new theory of science. The status of abduction is very controversial. When dealing with abductive reasoning misinterpretations and equivocations are common. What are the differences between abduction and induction? What are the differences between abduction and the well-known hypothetico-deductive method? What did Peirce mean when he considered abduction a kind of inference? Does abduction involve only the generation of hypotheses or their evaluation too? Are the criteria for the best explanation in abductive reasoning epistemic, or pragmatic, or both? How many kinds of abduction are there? The book aims to increase knowledge about creative and expert infer ences. The study of these high-level methods of abductive reasoning is situated at the crossroads of philosophy, epistemology, artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, and logic; that is, at the heart of cognitive science. Philosophers of science in the twentieth century have traditionally distinguished between the inferential processes active in the logic of discovery and the ones active in logic of justification.
Christopher Hookway presents a series of studies of themes from the work of the great American philosopher Charles S. Peirce (1839–1913), often described as the founder of pragmatism. These themes concern how we are able to investigate the world rationally; and, as Hookway shows, the ideas introduced by Peirce can still make fruitful contributions to research in philosophy, logic and semiotics.
After an extended examination of Peirce's account of truth, and of its relations to his ideas about logic, reference, and representation, Hookway discusses his claims that rationality requires a system of 'scientific metaphysics'. The second half of the book studies the role of common sense, sentiments, and emotions in rationality. It concludes with discussions of Peirce's approach to religious belief and the role of pragmatism in his thought.
These compelling essays present the fruits of fifteen years of research on Peirce, but do so in a way that makes his ideas accessible and relevant for philosophers who are not specialists in the history of American thought. The introduction offers a general sketch of Peirce's philosophy as a way into the book for such readers, and draws together the themes of the essays.
Readership: Scholars and graduate students of philosophy and the history of philosophy, especially American philosophy
Volume 6 of this landmark edition contains 66 writings mainly from the unsettled period in Peirce’s life just after he moved from New York to Milford, Pennsylvania, followed shortly afterward by the death of his mother. The writings in this volume reveal Peirce’s powerful mind probing into diverse issues, looking for an underlying unity, but, perhaps, also looking for direction.
An airy good spirit in Shakespeare's The Tempest, Ariel is also the title of an 1899 manifest by Uruguayan writer J. E. Rodó (1871-1917), where it symbolizes the creative vitality of Latin America as opposed to the monstrous Calibán represented by the United States. Zalamea shows how the prodigious work Peirce produced at Arisbe allows Calibán to redeem himself by providing analytical and interpretational tools that enable us to better understand the destinal place Latin America occupied in the twentieth century, notably through the grand universalist tradition fostered by such thinkers as Reyes, Vasconcelos, Estrada, Paz, and Ribeiro. Zalamea's main hypothesis is that Latin America is a relational place within a continuum, and that its general capacity for hybridization and counterpoints constantly swings it to and fro between the two poles of universality and resistance. Chapter 1 presents the universalist tradition and emphasizes how the search for unity and identity can be detected in the Latin American cultural manifold. Chapter 2 presents Zalamea's instruments of analysis: first, the study of universals and relations from the standpoint of contemporary mathematical logic; and second, the pragmatistic system of Peirce, with the three categories, a modelization of the pragmatic maxim, a discussion of his semiotic, his classification of the sciences, the concepts of generality, vagueness, determinacy, and indeterminacy. Chapter 3 applies many of these Peircean concepts to identifying universalist tendencies present in a number of Latin American artistic and literary works. The last chapter shows how Peirce's philosophy is indispensable to understanding the contemporary world, and attacks postmodernism's pretension to have gotten rid of the illusions of universalization. Zalamea shows how such a claim harbors a logical fallacy, and opposes to it Peirce's "Einsteinian turn," that of having made it possible for universals to exist without absolutes.
Peirce and the Mark of the Gryphon draws from the unpublished manuscripts of American semiotician Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) to explore how he conceived of the evolution of thought, from instinct and imagination, as in myth, to ideas that are exchangeable units of meaning. This illuminating volume further examines Peirce's cosmology as open-ended, nonfinite, and self-organizing. Kevelson has undertaken the first comprehensive study of Peircean process - from imagination/idea to idea as thought.
— a downward-pointing arrow representing the logical relation "neither...nor..." and named for Peirce because of what he achieved with that logical relation.
Pierce-Arrow takes as its shooting off point the figure of Charles S. Peirce, the allusive late nineteenth-century philosopher-scientist and founder of pragmatism, a man always on the periphery of the academic and social establishments yet intimately conjoined with them by birth and upbringing.
Through Peirce and his wife Juliette, a lady of shadowy antecedents, Howe creates an intriguing nexus that explores the darker, melancholy sides of the fin de siecle Anglo-American intelligentsia. Besides George Meredith and his wife Mary Ellen, Swinburne and his companion Theodore Watts-Dunton are among those who also find a place in the three poem-sequences that comprise the book: "Arisbe," "The Leisure of the Theory Class," and "Rückenfigur." Howe's historical linkings, resonant with the sorrows of love and loss and the tragedies of war, create a compelling canvas of associations. "It's the blanks and gaps," she says, "that to me actually represent what poetry is - the connections between seemingly unconnected things - as if there is a place and might be a map to thought, when we know there is not."
This collection provides a thorough grounding in the philosophy of American pragmatism by examining the views of four principal thinkers—Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, and George Herbert Mead—on issues of central and enduring importance to life in human society. Pragmatism emerged as a characteristically American response to an inheritance of British empiricism.
Presenting a radical reconception of the nature of experience, pragmatism represents a belief that ideas are not merely to be contemplated but must be put into action, tested and refined through experience. At the same time, the American pragmatists argued for an emphasis on human community that would offset the deep-seated American bias in favor of individualism. Far from being a relic of the past, pragmatism offers a dynamic and substantive approach to questions of human conduct, social values, scientific inquiry, religious belief, and aesthetic experience that lie at the center of contemporary life. This volume is an invaluable introduction to a school of thought that remains vital, instructive, and provocative.
"... an excellent collection reflecting the ever-widening appeal and potential of Peirce's logic of signs." — Peirce Project Newsletter [about Volume II] [quotation link].
"To anyone interested in the cognitive bases of language and/or the theoretical foundations of linguistics, this book has a great deal to offer." — Language
Since the modern founding of the theory of signs by the American philosopher-scientist Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the field of semiotics has become increasingly prominent as a method of interdisciplinary research and study, bridging the humanities, the fine arts, and the natural and social sciences. It is also truly international, with faculty representation at many universities, research institutes, and scholarly societies throughout the world. These two volumes reflect the continuing appeal of Peirce's sign theory bringing together as they do a great variety of authors from all over the world whose aim is to set the stage for a productive collaboration among linguists and cognitive scientists.
Michael Shapiro is Professor of Slavic and Semiotic Studies at Brown University.
This book contains the contributions to an international symposium on Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914). Notwithstanding that much of Peirce's philosophical writings still are to be published, his contributions to contemporary philosophy can be felt in almost every field.
The symposium was held at the Institute of Philosophy of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in May 1997. Its express aim was to examine Peirce's thought in terms of both its historical integrity and in the application of his thought to current problems. The contributions to this book present a comprehensive portrayal of the metaphysical and epistemologiecal strands in the thought of this multi-faceted thinker.
Journal of the History of Ideas Morris D. Forkosch Prize for Best Book in Intellectual History A Choice Outstanding Academic Book of 1993.
"[Brent] has produced a thoughtful, sometimes moving, and entirely accessible intellectual biography which is also, under the circumstances, indispensable." —The New York Review of Books
" . . . a fine biography." —The New York Times Book Review
". . . an extraordinary, inspiring portrait of the largely forgotten Peirce, a progenitor of modern thought who devised a realist metaphysics and attempted to achieve direct knowledge of God by applying the logic of science." —Publishers Weekly
In this expanded paperback edition of the critically acclaimed biography of a true American original, the philosopher-polymath Charles Sanders Peirce, Joseph Brent refines his interpretation of Peirce's thought and character based on new research, and has added a glossary and a detailed chronology.
Societies are understood as architectures for the systematic transformation of energy into information/matter, and, using this hypothesis, are examined within two architectural frames - that of the unilevel and the bilevel society. Architectonics of Semiotics lifts semiotics from its literary-linguistic sphere and expands biophysics from a materialist focus, to explore the interrelationships of these two forces of organization within the evolving complexities of sociocognitive forms of order. The conflicts and resolutions between the differential goals of the group's recursive metanarrative and the individual's emergent freedoms of choice, are explored as natural aspects of a lyric-poetic evolution of the complexity of energy as operative within sociocognitive forms of reality. This interdisciplinary work offers original examinations of societies as complex codifications of energy, and of human beings as integrated aspects of larger and more complex codifications of energy.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the most important and influential of the classical American philosophers, is credited as the inventor of the philosophical school of pragmatism. The scope and significance of his work have had a lasting effect not only in several fields of philosophy but also in mathematics, the history and philosophy of science, and the theory of signs, as well as in literary and cultural studies. Largely obscure until after his death, Peirce's life has long been a subject of interest and dispute. Unfortunately, previous biographies often confuse as much as they clarify crucial matters in Peirce's story. Ketner's new biographical project is remarkable not only for its entertaining aspects but also for its illuminating insights into Peirce's life, his thought, and the intellectual milieu in which he worked.
Kenneth Laine Ketner is the Charles Sanders Peirce Professor of Philosophy at Texas Tech University and the director of its Institute for Studies in Pragmaticism. He is editor of several works by and about Peirce and was co-organizer of the Charles S. Peirce International Congress held at Harvard in 1989. He is also one of the two principals in a noteworthy volume of correspondence with Walker Percy (A Thief of Peirce: The Letters of Kenneth Laine Ketner and Walker Percy, published in 1995).
"A wonderful read, based on extensive and meticulous research--a book one finds hard to put down." —Ruth Anna Putnam, Wellesley College
"In creating an intriguing 'scholarly' mystery as the setting for his life of Peirce, Ketner tells a story that gives a sense of excitement and satisfaction unusual for intellectual biographies, one that will convince readers that Peirce is a neglected American treasure." —Nathan Houser, Peirce Edition Project
This is the first of a planned three-volume life of Peirce; it deals mainly with Peirce's first twenty-eight years and focuses on little-known aspects of his life. Inspired by Walker Percy, who himself was absorbed by the life and writings of Peirce, Ketner adopts a narrative strategy that lets Peirce tell his own life story. Ketner weaves the voluminous components of an intellectual biography that are scattered throughout Peirce's published and unpublished writings into a novelistic account that reads like a mystery. There is a lot here for the seasoned Peirce scholar as well as for the student and general reader. Some manuscript texts and many letters are published for the first time. Ketner's solutions to some of the puzzles of Peirce's life, while sure to create some controversy, are always fascinating and stimulating. Ketner warns his readers to beware of Peirce's "transforming power" and it seems clear that he hopes that his book will be an instrument for the conveyance of that power. Interested readers should give Ketner's book a chance by reading it straight through as it was written, neither skipping the sometimes lengthy quoted passages nor ignoring the thought experiments that readers are asked to perform. The book is intended to present Peirce in a new light.
Since the modern founding of sign theory by the American philosopher-scientist Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the field of semiotics has become increasingly prominent as a method of interdisciplinary research and study, bridging the humanities, fine arts, and natural and social sciences. It is also truly international, with faculty representation at many universities, research institutes, and in scholarly societies throughout the world. This book offers a forum for applications of sign theory in its most developed and richest version - that of Charles Peirce.
Michael Shapiro is Professor of Slavic and Semiotic Studies at Brown University.
This is the Jakobson Centenary Volume in Shapiro's rich and illuminating series devoted to semiotics from a Peircean standpoint. Volume 3 includes papers by Shapiro, Edna Andrews, Paul Friedrich, Carol Hult, Roberta Kevelson, and T. L. Short. (Peirce is dealt with by Shapiro, Kevelson, and Short.) Shapiro opens the book by pointing out that among the debts linguists owe to Jakobson is the championing of Peirce as "a genuine and bold forerunner of structural linguistics." But Shapiro goes on to show that Jakobson tended to treat Peirce as a historical figure, a forerunner, and not as a continuing source of fresh insight and untapped potential. Jakobson glimpsed Peirce's importance but never fully understood Peirce's semiotic enterprise. Short elaborates on this assessment in his contribution, "Jakobson's Problematic Appropriation of Peirce." Short's critique of Jakobson not only sharpens the differences in the views of these two important thinkers, but, in doing so, Short illuminates Peirce's semiotics from the standpoint of linguistics and, rather unexpectedly, illuminates Peirce's teleology. Peirceans will find Short's piece worth the price of the volume.
Volume 2 of this convenient two-volume chronological reader's edition provides the first comprehensive anthology of the brilliant American thinker Charles Sanders Peirce's mature philosophy. A central focus of Volume 2 is Peirce's evolving theory of signs and its appplication to his pragmatism.
This book, which completes the two-volume Essential Peirce, provides the first comprehensive anthology of Peirce’s mature philosophy. During his later years, Peirce worked unremittingly to integrate new insights and discoveries into his general system of philosophy and to make his major doctrines fully coherent within that system. A central focus of this volume is Peirce’s evolving theory of signs and its application to his pragmatism. Included are thirty-one pivotal texts, beginning with “Immortality in the Light of Synechism” (in which Peirce proposes synechism—the tendency to regard everything as continuous—as a key advance over materialism, idealism, and dualism) and ending with Peirce’s late and unfinished investigations of the relative merits of different kinds of reasoning. Peirce’s Harvard Lectures on Pragmatism and selections from A Syllabus of Certain Topics of Logic are among the texts included. There are a few previously unpublished texts and all have been newly edited. Even well-known writings appear fresh and in new light in their chronological placement. All selections are introduced by summary headnotes and there is a general introduction to provide historical background. EP 2 is extensively annotated, and an electronic companion mounted on the Peirce Edition Project’s Web site provides additional support for classroom use.
A comprehensive and systematic reconstruction of the philosophy of Charles S. Peirce, perhaps America's most far-ranging and original philosopher, which reveals the unity of his complex and influential body of thought.
We are still in the early stages of understanding the thought of C. S. Peirce (1839-1914). Although much good work has been done in isolated areas, relatively little considers the Peircean system as a whole. Peirce made it his life's work to construct a scientifically sophisticated and logically rigorous philosophical system, culminating in a realist epistemology and a metaphysical theory ("synechism") that postulates the connectedness of all things in a universal evolutionary process.
In The Continuity of Peirce's Thought, Kelly Parker shows how the principle of continuity functions in phenomenology and semeiotics, the two most novel and important of Peirce's philosophical sciences, which mediate between mathematics and metaphysics. Parker argues that Peirce's concept of continuity is the central organizing theme of the entire Peircean philosophical corpus. He explains how Peirce's unique conception of the mathematical continuum shapes the broad sweep of his thought, extending from mathematics to metaphysics and in religion. He thus provides a convenient and useful overview of Peirce's philosophical system, situating it within the history of ideas and mapping interconnections among the diverse areas of Peirce's work.
This challenging yet helpful book adopts an innovative approach to achieve the ambitious goal of more fully understanding the interrelationship of all the elements in the entire corpus of Peirce's writings. Given Peirce's importance in fields ranging from philosophy to mathematics to literary and cultural studies, this new book should appeal to all who seek a fuller, unified understanding of the career and overarching contributions of Peirce, one of the key figures in the American philosophical tradition.
Kelly A. Parker is assistant professor of philosophy at Grand Valley State University, in Allendale, Michigan. His research and publications focus primarily on American pragmatism and environmental philosophy.
"I know of no better introduction to Peirce. Parker's book is the first to present Peirce's philosophy fully and systematically following Peirce's own system. This is a stimulating work that should engage even the most sophisticated Peirce scholar." — Nathan Houser, Director of the Peirce Edition Project
In this book Parker shows how the principle of continuity functions in phenomenology and semeiotic, two of the philosophical sciences — the ones most examined by Peirce — that mediate between mathematics and metaphysics. Parker does a very good job in showing how Peirce's studies in mathematics shape his metaphysics. The book begins with an outline of Peirce's architectonic philosophy and an analysis of Peirce's views on the nature of mathematics. Next he compares Peirce's concept of infinitesimals with that of Cantor, and show how and for what reasons Peirce disagrees with him. In the following three chapters Parker discusses Peirce's phenomenology and semeiotic. The concluding chapter contains a discussion of Peirce's scientific metaphysics. Parker's book is partly intended as an introduction into Peirce's philosophy. This makes Peirce's notion of continuity, which is difficult to grasp, more accessible, especially for readers without a background in mathematics. Parker succeeds well in showing the systematic character of Peirce's philosophy.
This is the first study of Charles Peirce's philosophy as a form of writing and the first study of his pragmatic writings as a critique of the modern attempt to change society by writing philosophy. Ochs argues that, as corrected by the pragmatists, the task of modern philosophy is, through writing, to diagram the otherwise hidden rules through which modern sociey repairs itself. Peirce labelled this elemental writing "enscribing," or "scripture." Redescribing Peirce's pragmatism as "the logic of scripture," Peter Ochs suggests that Christians and Jews may in fact re-read pragmatism as a logic of Scripture: that is, as a modern philosopher's way of diagramming the Bible's rules for repairing broken lives and healing societal suffering.
This book is the first radical approach to Peirce's Pragmatism. It goes to the root of Peirce's own concept of Pragmatism as the method from which is derived Semiotics or the Theory of Signs. It relies on Peirce's writings, that is, primary sources in the unpublished manuscripts rather than the secondary material of writings about Peirce. From various perspectives the book explores the process how ideas, that is, sign-systems, evolve and become increasingly complex. Peirce's cosmology is introduced together with his special understanding of himself as an Idealist.
The Author: Roberta Kevelson published most extensively on Peirce over the past decades. She regarded his work as holistic, with the theory of signs, Semiotics, as mediating between other more traditional systems of thought. She was Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Penn State where she directed the Center for Semiotic Research. Professor Kevelson died in 1998.
Designed to fill a large gap in American philosophy scholarship, this bibliography covers the first four decades of the pragmatic movement. It references most of the philosophical works by the twelve major figures of pragmatism: Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, George H. Mead, F.C.S. Schiller, Giovanni Papini, Giovanni Vailati, Giuseppe Prezzolini, Mario Calderoni, A.W. Moore, John E. Boodin, and C.I. Lewis. It also includes writings of dozens of minor pragmatic writers, along with those by commentators and critics of pragmatism. It encompasses literature not only concerning pragmatism as an alliance of philosophical theories of meaning, inquiry, belief, knowledge, logic, truth, ontology, value, and morality, but also as an intellectual and cultural force impacting art, literature, education, the social and natural sciences, religion, and politics.
This bibliography contains 2,794 main entries and more than 2,000 additional references, organized by year of publication. 2,101 of the references include annotation. Its international scope is focused on writings in English, French, German, and Italian, though many other languages are also represented. Peter H. Hare contributed the Guest Preface. The introduction contains an historical orientation to pragmatism and guides to recent studies of pragmatic figures. This work is extensively cross-referenced, and it has exhaustive and lengthy author and subject indexes.
An original and ingenious introduction to the basic, experimental, trial-and-error process by which we acquire and validate facts and beliefs and through which we gain understanding and truth.
Elements of Knowledge is an engaging introductory text, effectively and imaginatively designed to bring a working understanding and appreciation of the fundamental tenets and methods of the American school of philosophy known as pragmatism, as articulated by its founder C. S. Peirce, to undergraduates and general readers. It presents and explains the basic pragmatic tools that are the common thread in our acquisition and development of knowledge, whether in an academic, vocational, or professional setting, or in life at large. Pragmatism guides, without dictating, examinations of ordinary human experience, creative learning in all fields, and progress in academic disciplines.
This book is intended for use by both general readers and students, particularly those in introductory logic or related philosophy courses. It will also fit well in the design of many "core curriculum" or "general education" course requirements. It is ultimately meant to be accessible and beneficial to anyone seeking a clearer understanding of the unifying principles for acquiring and assessing the soundness of all knowledge.
Arthur Franklin Stewart is director and editor of the Center for Philosophical Studies at Lamar University in Beaumont, Texas. He is an active author and editor who has published several articles and contributed to several previous books on C. S. Peirce.
This is a revised and expanded version of Stewart's Elements of Knowledge: Pragmaticism and Philosophy of Knowledge, noticed in a previous issue of the Newsletter. As noted then, Elements of Knowledge is remarkable for serving as an accessible introduction to pragmatism while also serving as an excellent text for courses in reasoning. Now, in the Vanderbilt edition, Stewart has smoothed out his prose and improved the presentation and has succeeded in giving us a superb text for the classroom, whether for logic or general education, yet in a form well adapted for the general reader.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS '97, held in Seattle, Washington, USA, in August 1997.
The 39 full papers presented were carefully selected and revised for inclusion in the volume. Also included are 9 abstracts of conceptual graphs tools. The papers are organized in sections on knowledge representation, knowledge modeling, formal concept analysis, formal reasoning, applications of conceptual graphs, and conceptual graphs tools. This book competently documents the progress achieved in the area since the predecessor conference ICCS '96, the proceedings of which have been published as LNAI 1115.
This volume represents an important contribution to Peirce’s work in mathematics and formal logic. An internationally recognized group of scholars explores and extends understandings of Peirce’s most advanced work. The stimulating depth and originality of Peirce's thought and the continuing relevance of his ideas are brought out by this major book.
NATHAN HOUSER is Director and General Editor of the Peirce Edition Project and Associate Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University, Indianapolis. He is co-editor of The Essential Peirce. DON D. ROBERTS is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, and Chairman of the Board of Advisors to the Peirce Edition Project. He is the author of Logical Fragments and The Existential Graphs of Charles S. Peirce. JAMES VAN EVRA is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Waterloo, Ontario.
C.S. Peirce was the founder of pragmatism and a pioneer in the field of semiotics. His work investigated the problem of meaning, which is the core aspect of semiosis as well as a significant issue in many academic fields. Floyd Merrell demonstrates throughout Peirce, Signs, and Meaning that Peirce's views remain dynamically relevant to the analysis of subsequent work in the philosophy of language.
Merrell discusses Peirce's thought in relation to that of early twentieth-century philosophers such as Frege, Russell, and Quine, and contemporaries such as Goodman, Putnam, Davidson, and Rorty. In doing so, Merrell demonstrates how quests for meaning inevitably fall victim to vagueness in pursuit of generality, and how vagueness manifests an inevitable tinge of inconsistency, just as generalities always remain incomplete. He suggests that vagueness and incompleteness/generality, overdetermination and underdetermination, and Peirce's phenomenological categories of Firstness, Secondness, and Thirdness must be incorporated into notions of sign structure for a proper treatment of meaning. He also argues that the twentieth-century search for meaning has placed overbearing stress on language while ignoring nonlinguistic sign modes and means.
Peirce, Signs, and Meaning is an important sequel to Merrell's trilogy, Signs Becoming Signs, Semiosis in the Postmodern Age; and Signs Grow. This book is not only a significant contribution to the field of semiotics, it has much to offer scholars in literature, philosophy, linguistics, cultural studies, and other academic disciplines in which meaning is a central concern.
Floyd Merrell is a Professor of Theory, Semiotics, Culture, and Latin American Literature in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures at Purdue University.
Merrell continues his travel across the semiotic universe with an account of his efforts to unravel the "scandal of meaning." His principal hypothesis is that "indeterminacy, at the heart of the vagueness and generality, the inconsistency and incompleteness, and the overdetermination and underdetermination of any and all signs, is the sliding fulcrum point of the life of signs and hence of their meaning." Merrell shows that Peirce's semiotics includes a real theory of meaning that does justice to the above hypothesis, one which leads to realizing that "meaning is not in the signs, the things, or the head, but in the processual rush of semiosis." The book contains a preamble (a dialogue between three characters) and fifteen chapters of great insight and suggestiveness that no Peirce-bred philosopher/semiotician can afford to overlook, given the rich evocations and intelligent applications and extensions of Peirce's theory, and also given the many contrasts provided with other contemporary and not so contemporary philosophers.
The founder of American pragmatism, C.S. Peirce, lived as an eccentric, but thought as a dedicated communitarian. In Reading Peirce Reading, Richard Smyth demonstrates that Peirce's early essays presuppose a very distinctive perspective on the history of philosophy. One important mark of a major philosopher, Smyth argues, is that the philosopher causes us to read the history of thought in new ways. Smyth shows not only that Peirce passes that test, but that Peirce's philosophical practice actually did conform to his communal ideal for inquiry. Students and scholars interested in the history of philosophy and pragmatism will want to read this book.
Richard A. Smyth is Professor of Philosophy at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He is author of Forms of Intuition.
In this interesting book, Smyth examines several of Peirce's most important early writings from the standpoint of what they reveal about Peirce's own reading of the history of philosophy. Smyth probes the first two articles of Peirce's 1868 Journal of Speculative Philosophy series and then the opening articles of Peirce's 1878 Popular Science Monthly series for what they reveal about Peirce's reading of Mill, Kant, and Descartes, among others. His findings are illuminating. Smyth's work helps locate Peirce's philosophy within the evolution of modern thought but, more broadly, it sheds helpful light on the origins of pragmatism.
A study edition of Peirce's manuscripts for lectures on pragmatism given in spring 1903 at Harvard University, with notes, preface, and an original introduction by the editor introducing Peirce and interpreting Peirce's thinking for a more general readership.
This is a study edition of Charles Sanders Peirce's manuscripts for lectures on pragmatism given in spring 1903 at Harvard University. Excerpts from these writings have been published elsewhere but in abbreviated form. Turrisi has edited the manuscripts for publication and has written a series of notes that illuminate the historical, scientific, and philosophical contexts of Peirce's references in the lectures. She has also written a Preface that describes the manner in which the lectures came to be given, including an account of Peirce's life and career pertinent to understanding the philosopher himself. Turrisi's introduction interprets Peirce's brand of pragmatism within his system of logic and philosophy of science as well as within general philosophical principles.
"I am excited about having this set of lectures available in a solid, sturdy, and well-edited study edition of the kind Turrisi has produced. I like the editor's thoughtful and searching Introduction for an important set of lectures delivered by Peirce, one of the most important lecture series Peirce gave. Through this volume's appearance the inventor of pragmatism — the original native American philosophy — will at last have a thorough voicing of what is perhaps his strongest statement of that doctrine and method in science and philosophy. Previous editions or versions of this lecture series have been seriously incomplete." — Kenneth Laine Ketner, Peirce Professor of Philosophy, Director, Institute for Studies in Pragmaticism, Texas Tech University
"From the Preface through the Introduction the editor has taken a very descriptive, straightforward approach, saying what she has in mind clearly and mixing with this highly interesting quotations from letters and manuscripts. Peirce is allowed to speak for himself without an elaborate theory being imposed as to the nature of his thought. In so doing the editor herself strikes a very Peircean tone.
"These papers will not come out for years (decades) in the edition of the Peirce papers. But here they are available right now in a fine order with solid introductions. Everyone will want to read them. A special advantage here is Peirce introducing his own thought, his basic concepts at the time to an audience that does not know them. When one can find a major philosopher doing this, it is always important. It is a natural key to the philosopher's philosophy. Outstanding." — Donald Phillip Verene, Candler Professor of Metaphysics and Moral Philosophy, Emory University
Patricia A. Turrisi is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Associate Director of the Honors Scholars Program, The University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
The philosophical significance of the 1903 Harvard Lectures can hardly be overstated. Peirce was unable to publish them when he was alive, and, until Turrisi's edition, the fifth volume of the Collected Papers was for about sixty years the only textual source scholars could conveniently access. The lectures represent a considerable editing challenge, for many of them exist in several drafts, and Peirce kept revising them until the last second before presentation. What to publish and how to edit it constitute two very difficult practical questions, and they allow for different strategies. It had long been known that the CP text did not do sufficient justice to the lectures, and so Turrisi's answer to the challenge deserves a warm welome, and indeed much scholarly gratitude. She decided to publish as much as was feasible, as a result of which we have the pleasure of being able to read three of the drafts of lecture 2, for instance. Unlike their more recent publication in Essential Peirce 2, Turrisi tried to reproduce the lectures as Peirce actually delivered them, and she thus relegated most of the passages Peirce skipped for lack of time into the notes instead of restoring them into the running text. Her edition begins with an introduction that ably explains the historical circumstances of the organization of the lectures. An 80-page long commentary follows, in which Turrisi moves from one lecture to the next exploring various Peircian philosophical themes. The lectures themselves take up about half of the book and are textually quite reliable. Most of the endnotes consist of additional Peirce text. The work ends with a good conceptual index.
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), the founder of Pragmatism, was an American philosopher, logician, physicist, and mathematician. Since the publication of his collected papers in 1931, interest in Peirce has grown dramatically. His work has found audiences in such disciplines as philosophy, computer science, logic, film studies, semiotics, and literary criticism. While Peirce scholarship has advanced considerably since its earliest days, many controversies of interpretation persist, and several of the more obscure aspects of his work remain poorly understood.
The Rule of Reason is a collection of original essays examining Peirce's thought by some of the best-known scholars in the field. The contributors investigate outstanding issues and difficulties in his philosophy and situate his views in both their historical and their contemporary contexts. Some of the essays clarify aspects of Peirce's philosophy, some defend its contemporary significance, and some do both. The essays explore Peirce's work from various perspectives, considering the philosophical significance of his contributions to logic; the foundations of his philosophical system; his metaphysics and cosmology; his theories of inquiry and truth; and his theories of mind, agency, and selfhood.
Jacqueline Brunning is an associate professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Toronto.
Paul Forster is an assistant professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Ottawa.
The Rule of Reason is an excellent collection of essays with a slight accent on logic. Jaakko Hintikka discusses Peirce's place in the history of logical theory, Isaac Levi directs attention to the relation between inference and logic, Helmut Pape discusses Peirce's search for a logic of mental processes, and Robert Burch and Jay Zeman each make important contributions to existential graphs. The collection further contains papers by Sandra Rosenthl (derivation of the categories), Richard Robin (the proof of pragmatism), Paul Forster (indeterminism), Carl Hausman (the origin of interpretation), Christopher Hookway (sentiment and self control), Douglas Anderson (political dimensions of fixing belief), Susan Haack (the first rule of reason), Vincent Colapietro (the deliberative subject), and Tom Short (hypostatic abstraction). The collection comes with a very good introduction, and is dedicated to the memory of David Savan. There is no index.
The Two Pragmatisms - From Peirce to Rorty maps the main movements within the pragmatist tradition. Two distinct forms of pragmatism are identified, that of Peirce and that of the `second' pragmatism stemming from James' interpretation of Peirce and seen in the work of Dewey and above all Rorty. Both the influential work of Rorty and the way in which he has transformed contemporary philosophy's understanding of pragmatism are clearly explained.
The Two Pragmatisms - From Peirce to Rorty is essential reading for those interested in the history of this increasingly influential movement, whether first-time philosophers or more advanced readers.
Locke's, Berkeley's and Peirce's conceptions of reality are analyzed, using Peirce's distinction between nominalism and realism as a guideline. These three authors are chosen, first, because Peirce declares for realism in his 1871 review of Berkeley, and does so in opposition to both Berkeley and Locke, and, second, because Peirce's criticism of nominalism runs roughly parallel to Berkeley's criticism of Locke. It is shown that all three conceptions of reality are hypotheses, which provides the criteria to compare and evaluate them: the hypothesis must be either required, or at least valuable, for explaining the origin and regularities of those ideas that are not of our own making. This leads to the following result: Locke's conception of reality fails on both counts. Berkeley's alternative, though also not required, is explanatorily valuable, but as it appears, this results entirely from a strong presupposition that does all the explaining for him. It is further shown that his approach is based on a denial of matter that is untenable, and that it ultimately fails for the same reasons as Locke's. Peirce's view of reality as the object of a final opinion, though not required either, can be defended as being explanatorily valuable, but needs some modification, since some things will be real but not part of the final opinion. This leads to a new conception of reality, called the hypothesis of hypothetical realism, by way of a conclusion. This hypothesis has the desired explanatory value, and is safe from the criticisms raised against the previous conceptions.
A Festschrift dedicated to the seventy-fifth birthday of Elisabeth Walther-Bense, and contains a bibliography of her work. Four essays discuss aspects of Peirce's semeiotics: Gérard Deledalle, "Peirce, Les Catégories et les Signes"; Georg Nees, "Die Blindschleichen, das Eisernerz und die Zeichen"; Frue Cheng, "Neue Darstellung der Zeichenoperationen"; Hariss Kidwaii, "Die Basistheorie der Semiotik und die Kleine 'Matrix' "; and, Karl Herrmann in "Andwenung semiotischer Vorstellung zur Erzeugung erkenntnistheoretischer Modelle." Cheng seeks to develop a visual representation of the three operations of the sign (adjunction, superisation, and iteration), by using the Chinese alphabet, Chinese opera, and garbage disposal at subway stations as examples. The paper contains an extensive discussion of Peirce's categories. Herrmann begins by regrouping Kant's system in terms of triads, after which he uses these triads to analyze and schematize the reactions of Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, and Marx to the Kantian philosophy.
Wir haben Elisabeth Walther-Benses Beiträge zur Peirce-Forschung und zur Entwicklung der Semiotik, aber auch zur Analyse und Verbreitung moderner Literatur im Vorwort zu der Festschrift gewürdigt, die anläßlich des Zeichen-Ereignisses ihres Geburtstages vor fünf Jahren erschienen ist.
In der seitdem vergangenen Zeit hat sie mit unermüdlicher Energie und bewunderungswürdigem Engagement ihre Arbeit fortgesetzt. Neben der Betreuung von Dissertationen und der Leitung des semiotischen Colloquiums an der Universität Stuttgart hält sie Kongreßvorträge und schreibt Aufsätze. Sie erarbeitete und publizierte die umfangreiche Bibliographie der Arbeiten Max Benses und veröffentlichte ein Buch aus seinem Nachlaß. Zur Zeit befaßt sie sich intensiv mit dem großen Projekt, eine Edition Ausgewählter Schriften Max Benses fertigzustellen; die ersten beiden Bände erscheinen im Herbst 1997 im Verlag J. B. Metzler, zwei weitere im nächsten Jahr.
Elisabeth Walther-Bense ist es zu verdanken, daß die Arbeit der Forschungsgruppe für Semiotik bis heute fortgeführt wird, die insofern eine bedeutende Funktion erfüllt, als sie nicht nur ihre Mitglieder zur unentbehrlichen Mitarbeit an der Zeitschrift SEMIOSIS anregt, sondern vor allem die »Stuttgarter Schule« lebendig hält und den Forschenden ein notwendiges Forum der Begegnung bietet.
Die in der vorliegenden Festschrift Signum um Signum versammelten Arbeiten spiegeln aufs Neue das beachtliche Spektrum der geistigen Welt Elisabeth Walther-Benses wider – von der semiotischen Theorie und ihren vielfaltigen und wichtigen Anwendungen über die Philosophie, die Mathematik und Informatik, die Bildende Kunst bis hin zur Literatur.
Aus diesen Beiträgen – je nach Gegenstand und Form unterschiedlich explizit – wird faßbar, von welcher Bedeutung die Begegnung mit Elisabeth Walther-Bense sowohl als Wissenschaftlerin, Lehrerin und Publizistin als auch als Freundin und Bekannte für die Autorinnen und Autoren dieser Würdigung ist; bei vielen währt der Kontakt mit ihr bereits Jahrzehnte.
Nicht alle, die Elisabeth Walther-Bense zu ihrem fünfundsiebzigsten Geburtstag gratulieren und Ehre erweisen möchten, können in diesem Band zu Wort kommen oder ihr eine künstlerisch gestaltete Arbeit widmen, und doch ermöglichen allein die hier publizierten Beiträge einen deutlichen Eindruck von der nachhaltigen Wirkung ihrer Persönlichkeit, ihres Denkens und ihres Lehrens. Wir danken ihr und wünschen ihr alles Gute!
Udo Bayer | Juliane Hansen | Karl Gfesser
In the introduction to the festschrift five years ago on the occasion of Elisabeth Walther-Bense’s birthday we acknowledged her contributions to the research on Peirce and the development of semiotics but also to the analysis and dissemination of modern literature.
Since then she has continued her work with unremitting energy and admirable commitment. Apart from supervising doctoral theses and being in charge of the Semiotic Colloquium at Stuttgart University, she also gives lectures at conferences and writes essays. Furthermore she provided the substantial bibliography of Max Bense’s writings and published a posthumous book of his. At the moment she is deeply involved with the demanding enterprise of compiling and editing selected writings of Max Bense. The first two volumes will be appearing in the autumn of 1997, two further ones next year.
Thanks to Elisabeth Walther-Bense the Research Group for Semiotics is still doing its work, fulfilling an essential function not only by prompting its members to contribute to the magazine SEMIOSIS but also by offering a lively forum to those who research and by ensuring the important role of the «School of Stuttgart».
The works published in this festschrift Signum um Signum are another reflection of the remarkable range of Elisabeth Walther-Bense’s intellectual richness, extending from semiotic theory with all its many and important applications, passing on to philosophy, mathematics and informatics, and going up to the fine arts and literature.
From these contributions — more or less explicit, depending on subject and form — an instructive insight is provided into the valuable experiences and benefit their authors had when meeting Elisabeth Walther-Bense and coming to appreciate her not only as a scientist, teacher, and publicist, but also as a friend and good acquaintance. Many of them have been in contact with her for decades.
There is not enough space in this volume for all those who wish to celebrate Elisabeth Walther-Bense’s seventy-fifth birthday and honor her with an article or a graphic, but the contributions published here should be sufficient to give an adequate impression of the lasting influence of her personality, thinking, and teaching. We are filled with a deep sense of gratitude and wish her all the best!
Udo Bayer | Juliane Hansen | Karl Gfesser
This little book, the product of a thesis for a "licencia" in philosophy, constitutes a clear and comprehensive historical and theoretical introduction to Peirce's logic of abduction and discovery. In the first part Génova discusses Peirce's logic of inference, starting with the early anti-intuitionist texts and continuing with the 1877-78 texts on the logic of science. The reader is introduced to Peirce's classification of arguments and to the three types of inference and their syllogistic analysis. The second part is devoted to the logic of inquiry, and discusses the roles of induction and abduction in scientific investigation. The book ends with some considerations on our guessing instinct and Peirce's fallibilism. A short bibliography closes the work.
Although 19th-century philosopher and scientist Charles Sanders Peirce was a prolific writer, he never published his work on signs in any organized fashion, making it difficult to grasp the scope of his thought. In this book, Liszka presents a systematic and comprehensive acount of Peirce’s theory, including the role of semiotic in the system of sciences, with a detailed analysis of its three main branches—grammar, critical logic, and universal rhetoric.
JAMES JAKÓB LISZKA is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Alaska Anchorage. He is the author of The Semiotic of Myth and several articles on semiotic and related fields.
Here is a welcome book. There has long been a need for an account of Peirce's theory of signs that (1) sticks as close as it can to Peirce's view of things, (2) treats the full scope of semeiotic, including speculative rhetoric, and (3) is suitable for the classroom. Lizka's book fills the bill and more. In addition to meeting these conditions, Liszka has added thirty pages of notes in which he treats, or at least raises, many of the unsettled questions about Peirce's theory. This will no doubt be the introduction for some time to come.
A selection of Spanish essays with short English summaries at the beginning of each paper. The selection begins with a Spanish translation of Walker Percy's Jefferson Lecture. This is followed by a historical section: Maurcio Beuchot (Mexico) studies a central aspect of Peirce's relation with the Schoolmen; Eduardo Forastieri-Braschi (Puerto Rico) draws a relation between Peirce and Baltasar Gracian; Carlos Ortiz de Landazuri (Navarra), following Apel, studies the move from Kant to Peirce; Uxia Rivas (Santiago) discusses the links between Peirce and Frege; Gregory Pappas (Texas) discusses Peirce's affinity with Ortega y Gasset on the issue of basic beliefs; and Moris Polanco (Bogotá) gives an account of some links between Peirce and Hilary Putnam.
The historical section is followed by a more systematic one: Gonzalo Genova (Navarra) discusses the three types of inference; Fernando Andacht (Montevideo) the place of the imagination in semiotics; and Armando Fumagalli (Milan) the role of the index in Peirce's philosophy.
The third section explores the reception of Peirce and the influence of his thought. Wenceslao Castañares (madrid) and Guy Debrock (Nijmegen) study the use of Peirce's thought fro the developmet of communication and information theories; Toni Gomila (La Laguna) for the foundation of cognitive science; and Joan Fontrodona (Barcelona) for management theory. With regard to linguistics, Carmen Llamas (Navarra) gives an account of the reception of Peirce's thought in Spanish linguistic studies, and Dinda Gorlée (Amsterdam) applies some of Peirce's ideas to translation. The collection is concluded with Susan Haack's (Miami) "The Ethics of the Intellect," and a partial translation into Spanish of MS 1334 of 1905 by Sara F. Barrena. Copies can be ordered [...].
We may learn from our mistakes, but Deborah Mayo argues that, where experimental knowledge is concerned, we haven't begun to learn enough. Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge launches a vigorous critique of the subjective Bayesian view of statistical inference, and proposes Mayo's own error-statistical approach as a more robust framework for the epistemology of experiment. Mayo genuinely addresses the needs of researchers who work with statistical analysis, and simultaneously engages the basic philosophical problems of objectivity and rationality.
Mayo has long argued for an account of learning from error that goes far beyond detecting logical inconsistencies. In this book, she presents her complete program for how we learn about the world by being "shrewd inquisitors of error, white gloves off." Her tough, practical approach will be important to philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science, and will be welcomed by researchers in the physical, biological, and social sciences whose work depends upon statistical analysis.
This book focuses on how Peirce, himself, employed his own method of science in examining and evolving complex ideas, or sign-systems. Since Peirce regarded the main objective of his Semiotics to bring together in greater comprehensive generality two or more frames of reference or idea-systems, this book looks at how competing universes of discourse in various disciplines such as medicine, law, economics, present that special Indexical structure which Peirce says characterizes actual experience. In this book the author gives prominence to the Practical Sciences.
The Author: Roberta Kevelson published most extensively on Peirce over the past decades. She regarded his work as holistic, with the theory of signs, Semiotics, as mediating between other more traditional systems of thought. She was Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at Penn State where she directed the Center for Semiotic Research. Professor Kevelson died in 1998.
This special volume of Synthese contains four papers on Peirce, and an extensive review by Tom Short of the first five volumes of the Chronological Edition. Joseph Brent begins with an autobiographical sketch of the Peirce biographer, after which he elaborates upon some aspects of Peirce's life. Randall Dipert examines iconicity, representation, and resemblance in the light of Peirce's theory of signs, Goodman's views on resemblance, and modern philosophies of language and mind. Finally, Robert Schwartz opposes the tendency in studies of mind to assume that properties and principles of linguistic forms of representation must also hold for forms of thought. In his review article, Short uses the chronological presentation of Peirce's ideas as found in the Chronological Edition to challenge Max Frisch's well-known ccount of Peirce's progress from nominalism to realism.
Charles Peirce (1839-1914) est aujourd'hui considéré comme l'une des figures majeures de l'histoire de la philosophie. De plus en plus étudiée de par le monde, sa pensée se révèle profondément subtile, féconde et contemporaine. Philosophes, linguistes, psychologues, scientifiques de tous bords, nombreux sont les chercheurs qui trouvent chez le père du pragmatisme une source abondante d'idées neuves. C'est en 1867 que Peirce écrivit le texte inaugural de son oeuvre, On a New List of Categories. Texte dense et d'un abord difficile, cet essai renouvelle l'ancienne recherche de la pensée, apportant à cette quête fondamentale, menée précédemment par Aristote et Kant, une solution solidement ancrée dans la logique qui préside à chacune de nos représentations. Quels sont les éléments (les catégories universelles) qui constituent l'acte de représentation ? La "Nouvelle liste" propose une réponse qui pour Peirce est à la fois l'aboutissement des dix premières années de son enquête philosophique (–1867) et le fondement de toute sa réflexion ultérieure. Le présent ouvrage s'efforce de reconstituer pas à pas cette recherche en offrant une analyse serrée de chacun des paragraphes de la "Nouvelle liste" ainsi que de très nombreux textes antérieurs souvent inédits et traduits ici pour la première fois.Google-Englished, improvements welcome:
Charles Peirce (1839-1914) is now considered one of the major figures in the history of philosophy. Increasingly studied around the world, his thought shows itself deeply subtle, fruitful, and contemporary. Philosophers, linguists, psychologists, scientists of all stripes, many are the researchers who find in the father of pragmatism an abundant source of new ideas. In 1867 Peirce wrote the inaugural text of his work, "On a New List of Categories". Dense and difficult text, this essay renews the old search of thought, bringing to this fundamental quest, previously conducted by Aristotle and Kant, a firmly anchored solution in the logic behind each of our representations. What are the elements (universal categories) that constitute the act of representation? The "New List" offers an answer that for Peirce is both the culmination of the first ten years of his philosophical inquiry (–1867) and the foundation of all his subsequent reflection. This book attempts to reconstruct step by step this research by offering a close analysis of each paragraph in the "New List" and of very numerous often unpublished earlier texts and translated here for the first time.
Présentation : Après avoir publié Introduction à la sémiotique de C. S. Peirce, le professeur Jean Fisette fait un autre bond en avant dans l'exploration de l’œvre de Peirce en lançant Pour une pragmatique de la signification. Site Web de l'auteur: www.comm.uqam.ca/fisetteGoogle-Englished, improvements welcome:
Presentation: After publishing Introduction à la sémiotique de C. S. Peirce, Professor Jean Fisette made another leap forward in the exploration of the work of Peirce, shooting for a pragmatics of meaning. Author's website: www.comm.uqam.ca/fisette
How can we apply Peirce's semeiotic to literary analysis? Fisette's book is an excellent and highly suggestive exploration of that difficult question. The first of three parts establishes the theoretical ground with an original discussion of some "elementary" semiotic concepts. These include semiosis in relation to text, interpretance and interpretation in relation to pragmatistic foundations, and representamen/sign/ground, a controversial trilogy among Peirce interpreters (Fisette tries to do justice to all three terms, with a distinctive, Savan-inspired, preference for "ground"). The second part explores the variable connections between signs and objects, with much help from weathercocks and sunflowers. In the midst of many fascinating moves, Fisette subjects the Peircean analysis of representation to the powerful test of non-figurative art (where iconicity is found to be a key element), and he illuminates the process of signification with a penetrating analysis of passages from Jung, Andersen, and Dostoyevsky, among others. The third part offers a rich discussion of iconicity (icons and hypoicons), metaphor, enlarged sign, and movement of thought, with constant illustrations from and confrontations with the work of poet and painter Saint-Denys Garneau. This important book ends with an able translation of seventeen essential fragments extracted for the most part from the Collected Papers, plus a translation of an interesting letter from David Savan to the author. There is a bibliography, but no index.
Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) gilt zwar als Begründer der philosophischen Strömung, die durch W. James unter dem Namen "Pragmatismus" bekannt geworden ist, aber man ist sich heute darüber einig, daß sein eigener Ansatz andere Ziele verfolgte, als es der Rückblick von James aus nahelegt. Die Untersuchung soll aufzeigen, daß der Anstoß zur Entwicklung der eigenständigen philosophischen Position, die Peirce 1878 in den "Illustrations" formuliert, aus seiner intensiven Beschäftigung mit Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und der Begründung der Induktion herrührt, auf die Peirce wiederum durch seine Tätigkeit als Astronom und Geodät aufmerksam wurde. In dem hierin sich gründenden erkenntnistheoretischen Programm kann den "pragmatistischen" Elementen eine klare Funktion zugewiesen werden, was zu einer Neuinterpretation dieser Elemente - insbesondere der "Pragmatischen Maxime" - führt.Englished with aid from Google, improvements welcome:
Although Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) is considered the founder of the philosophical tendency, which became known through W. James as "pragmatism", it is today agreed that his own approach pursued other goals than the review by James of suggests. This study aims to show that the impetus for the development of the independent philosophical position that Peirce formulated in 1878 in the "Illustrations" resulted from his intensive study of probability theory and justification of induction, to which Peirce again through his work as an astronomer and surveyor was attentive. In the herein self-founding epistemological program the "pragmatic" elements are assigned a clear function, leads to a reinterpretation of these elements - particularly the "pragmatic maxim".
Panesa begins by describing the person of Charles Peirce within the context of his cultural background. Next he discusses Peirce's pursuit of giving a scientific basis to philosophy. The third part of the dissertation deals with Peirce's conception of God, his religious thought, and his idea of community and Church. Panesa next discusses how Peirce's scientific inclinations and his religious beliefs come together. In this he aalyzes Peirce's mystic experience and the shift in his position on transsubstantiation. The dissertation is concluded with a discussion of the similarities between Peirce's views on the relation between science and religion and the views expressed in Vatican II.
In this original work of psychoanalytic theory, John Muller explores the formative power of signs and their impact on the mind, the body and subjectivity, giving special attention to work of the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan and the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce. Muller explores how Lacan's way of understanding experience through three dimensions--the real, the imaginary and the symbolic--can be useful both for thinking about cultural phenomena and for understanding the complexities involved in treating psychotic patients, and develops Lacan's perspective gradually, presenting it as distinctive approaches to data from a variety of sources.
John P. Muller is Chief Psychologist and Director of Education at The Austen Riggs Center in Stockbridge, Massachusetts and author (with William J. Richardson) of Lacan and Language: A Reader's Guide to Ecrits.
Drawing upon the relation between Lacan's registers of experience (the imaginary, the symbolic, and the Real), and Peirce's categories, Muller seeks to employ Peirce's triadic structure of the sign to recover Lacan's notion of the Real (capitalized by the author), a notion he believes Lacan interpreters find particularly difficult to come to grips with (p. 8). It must be said that it is not altogether clear how this works. The Real, Muller argues, corresponds with Peirce's category of firstness (p. 32). This suggests that "beyond the psychoanalytic dyad" advocates a reinstatement of firstness as a basic category. Secondness, Muller argues, is governed by the imaginary register, and thirdness by the symbolic register (ibid.). However, in his rather vague conclusion, Muller suggests that his view avoids dichotomic thinking by taking into account also Peirce's category of thirdness, not firstness. Muller's main source of inspiration remains the work of Lacan, and his discussion contains many examples drawn from empirical research, especially with young children. Despite his rather cursory discussion of Peircean semeiotics, this makes the book a valuable read.