Manuscript Material from the 1870's Toward a Book on Logic
See Joseph Ransdell's 2009-06-17 post to peirce-l
"truth and the 1870s logic" (thread with headers).
MS 154 (1869) Preliminary Sketch of Logic
Located here — www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms154.htm
MS 164 (1869-70) Lessons in Practical Logic
MS 165a (1869-70) A Practical Treatise on Logic and Methodology
MS 165b (1869-70) Rules for Investigation
Introductory paragraphs for a logic text based on idea that the aim of reasoning is to arrive at a settled opinion.
MS 165c (1869-70) Practical Logic
First formulation of inquiry as settlement of opinion with choice of methods, with only two methods recognized.
MS 166 (1869-70) Chapter 2
MS 169 (1870) A System of Logic
MS 171 (Spring 1870) Notes for Lectures on Logic to be given 1st term 1870-71
Logic described as based on concept of a sign
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms171.htm
MS 179 (winter-Spring 1872) Logic, Truth, and the Settlement of Opinion
First statement of four methods model
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms179.htm
MS 180 (Winter-Spring 1872) Investigation and the Settlement of Opinion
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms180.htm
MS 181 (Winter-Spring 1872) Chapter 1: [Four methods of settling opinion; overview of book chapters]
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms181.htm
MS 182 (Winter-Spring 1872) Chapter 1 (Enlarged Abstract)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms182.htm
MS 183 (Winter-Spring 1872) Chapter 1 (Enlarged Abstract)
A paragraph on doubt-belief relationship
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms183.htm
MS 184 (Winter-Spring 1872) On Doubt and Belief
A very brief fragment on doubt-belief relationship
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms184.htm
MS 187 (May 1872) Chapter 1: Of the Difference between Doubt & Belief
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms187.htm
MS 188 (May-June 1872) Of Inquiry
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms188.htm
MS 189 (May-June 1872) Chapter 4: Four Methods of Settling Opinion
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms189.htm
MS 191 (summer-Fall 1872) Lecture on Practical Logic
Another brief discussion of realist vs. nominalist theory of reality, with emphasis on idealism involved in realist view
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms191.htm
MS 192 (summer-Fall 1872) How Can Thought Think of Itself?
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms192.htm
MS 194 (1872) On Reality
Realist vs. nominalist theory of reality discussed in context of question about untested hardness of a diamond
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/ms194/ms194.htm
MS 195 (Fall 1872) Chapt. 4 (2nd draft)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms195.htm
MS 196 (Fall 1872) Chap. 4 (draft)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms196.htm
MS 197 (Fall 1872) On Reality
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms197.htm
MS 198 (Fall 1872) On Reality
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms198.htm
MS 200 (Fall 1872) Of Reality
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms200.htm
MS 203 (Fall 1872) Of Reality
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms203.htm
MS 204 (Fall 1872) Chapter IV. Of Reality
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms204.htm
MS 205 (Fall 1872) Chapter IV. Of Reality
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms205.htm
MS 207 (Winter 1872-73) Chapter --. The List of Categories
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms207.htm
MS 212 (Winter-Spring 1873) On Representations
Three conditions of a representation; imputed qualities; ideas as representations
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms212.htm
MS 213 (Winter-Spring 1873) On Representations
More on imputed qualities; why ideas must appeal to a mind
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms213.htm
MS 214 (Winter-Spring 1873) On the Nature of Signs
More detail on the three conditions of representations, here called "signs" instead
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms214.htm
MS 215 (March 1873) [On Time and Thought]
Why thought takes time (no thought in an instant)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms215.htm
MS 216 (8 March 1873) [On Time and Thought]
Another account of why thought takes time
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms216.htm
MS 217 (March 10, 1873) Chap 5th
Yet another accuont of why thought takes time, but this time by introducing the idea of thought as a sign requiring interpretation
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms217.htm
MS 218 (March 1873) Chap. 6th
Chiefly conncerned with causal connection between sign and object, thought and the thing to which it relates; the hardness of the diamond as what will happen under certan conditions
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms218.htm
MS 220 (March 1873) Memorandum: Probable Subjects to be treated of
A partial list of the projected chapters of the logic book at this time.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms220.htm
MS 221 (March 1873) Chap. 7 Of Logic as a Study of Signs
Chiefly conncerned with causal connection between sign and object, thought and the thing to which it relates; the hardness of the diamond as what will happen under certan conditions.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms221.htm
MS 229 (Spring 1873) Of the Copula
The general idea of the logical copula as the fundamental principle of the logical proposition or judgment.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms229.htm
MS 230 (Spring 1873) Of Relative Terms
Probably best read immediately following the item below, though apparently composed prior to it.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms230.htm
MS 232 (Spring 1873) Chap. X. The Copula and Simple Syllogism
The radical reconceiving of the copula is one way of understanding what the New List of 1867 is about, and this projected chapter is especially important for understanding why Peirce never regarded the New List as flawed by its apparently untimely reliance on the conception of the classical syllogism as in some sense fundamental in logic because of what was implicit in the discovery of the logic of relatives (quantificational logic understood in terms of operations on n-adic propositional functions).
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms232.htm
MS 233 (Spring 1873) Chap. XI. On Logical Breadth and Depth
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms233.htm
MS 237 (July 1873) Chapter VI: The Conception of Time Essential in Logic
Logic is about an inferentially structured process, which requires time and requires that the passage in time be continuous.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms237.htm
MS 238 (July 1873) Chapter VI: The Conception of Time Essential in Logic
A restatement of what is said in MS 237
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms238.htm
MS 239 (Summer 1873) Chapter V: That the significance of thought lies in its reference to the future
Connection of signification and practical value (i.e. anticipation of pragmatism)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms239.htm
MS 240 (Summer 1873) Notes on Logic Book
The last item, very brief, in the material from the 1870's toward a book on logic.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/logic/ms240.htm
Manuscript fragments editorially entitled "The Logic of 1873"
Fragmentary manuscript material toward a book on logic compiled by the editor (Arthur Burks) of Volume 7 of the Collected Papers of Charles S. Peirce, appearing therein as Chapter 5, entitled "The Logic of 1873". When all of the material from the 1870's has been made available here in a perspicuous form, this collection from it will be completely redundant (Located here)
1879 – the early 1890s
A Quincuncial Projection of the Sphere (AJM version, 1879)
Peirce's famous map and its mathematics. Written for the Coast Survey report, which was submitted to the Senate Dec. 26, 1877. Article published in the American Journal of Mathematics v. 2, 1879 December, n. 4, pp. 394-397 with the final map (but not the 25 sketches). AJM has made it free through JSTOR.
Located at JSTOR — http://jstor.org/stable/2369491
On the Algebra of Logic (1880 March)
American Journal of Mathematics v. 3, n. 1, pp. 15-57. The AJM has made it available for free through JSTOR.
Located at JSTOR — http://www.jstor.org/stable/2369442
On the Logic of Number (1881)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/lognum.htm
“It is not generally known that Peirce’s 1881 paper provided the first abstract formulation of the notions of partial and total linear order, that it introduced recursive definitions for arithmetical operations, nor that it proposed the first general definition of cardinal numbers in terms of ordinals. [....] Perhaps the most characteristic aspect of Peirce’s approach is that he did not conceive mathematics to require any sort of epistemological foundation, whether in logic, intuition, or by means of constructive completeness proofs.” — Paul Shields, excerpted from Charles S. Peirce on the Logic of Number.
Introductory Lecture on the Study of Logic (1882)
The text, supplied by Peirce, outlines the lecture that he gave. In it, he argues that logic and laboratory work need each other, and that the old vision of logic as the science of sciences is true.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/introlog.htm
On the Algebra of Logic: A Contribution to the Philosophy of Notation (1885 January)
Intended two parts, only the first part published: 1885, in American Journal of Mathematics v. 7, n. 2, pp. 180–202. AJM has made it available for free through JSTOR.
Located at JSTOR — http://www.jstor.org/stable/2369451
Presented at least in part 14-17 October 1884 at Newport, RI, to the National Academy of Sciences; see The Essential Peirce v. 1, headnote 16.
Only the first half (consisting of four parts or sections) was published; see here, in Writings 4 Intro., page xl, & here, in Writings 5 Intro., page xxxiii.
Review of F. E. Abbot's Scientific Theism (1886) (in HTML format)
Abbot's book is later--but not in this review--praised by Peirce as showing (in the Introduction) that modern science is realistic. The Introduction is available at ARISBE also, listed on the page for Peirce-related papers.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/abbotreview.htm
Also available here in WORD format
A Guess at the Riddle (1887-1888)
Characterized by the editors at the Peirce Edition Project as "perhaps Peirce's greatest and most original contribution to speculative philosophy, and it marks his deliberate turn to architectonic thought."
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/guess/guess.htm
Reasoning (c. 1889)
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/reasoning/reasoning.htm
Dmesis (1892) in HTML format
Peirce on a matter of political philosophy: the treatment of the criminal. A shockingly radical proposal is made: take the idea of rehabilitation seriously by treating them with love.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/dmesis/dmesis.htm
Also available here in WORD format
And in PDF format (a photocopy of the original)
Pythagorics (1892) in HTML format
Peirce "reports", not altogether seriously perhaps, on the re-emergence of an ancient intellectual brotherhood.
Located here — http://www.cspeirce.com/menu/library/bycsp/pythagorics/pythagorics.htm
Also available in WORD format