West Street looking north

Interdisciplinary Community Partnership Project
supported by the IUPUI Center for Service and Learning

 

Over nearly two centuries West Street has been transformed from a peripheral dirt roadway to busy multicultural neighborhood to an even busier city artery serving Indianapolis' near-Westside.  Indianapolis planners are now working to make this sometimes-overlooked neighborhood one leg of the city's "Cultural Trail."  The Cultural Trail will be a dedicated pedestrian and bike trail that will ring the city and introduce visitors to the city's rich cultural heritage.  The West Street Cultural Heritage Trail project is one facet of a planned multi-year research and community service partnership that will explore, document, and help city planners present community history along Indianapolis' Cultural Trail

 

The IUPUI Center for Service and Learning's Interdisciplinary Community Partnership program is providing support for this research and service project on community cultural histories associated with the Trail.  These histories are being created in collaboration with community members, including residents who live in Trail neighborhoods as well as groups who feel stewardship for the community heritage represented along the Trail.  The ICP project includes faculty and students in the Departments of Anthropology, Geography, and History who share an interest in engaged, interdisciplinary approaches to local historical research and presentation.

 

The Indianapolis Cultural Trail

 

Left (click on thumbnail for full-sized image):  This provisional map of the Cultural Trail's path was developed in 2003.  More details from that workshop are available at the Metropolitan Planning Organization Cultural Trail Workshop page. Since 2002 the Indianapolis Metropolitan Planning Organization has been planning a pedestrian and bicycle path that will thread through downtown, connect Indianapolis' five Cultural Districts, and provide a hub for the nationally acclaimed Indianapolis Greenway trail system.  The Cultural Trail is intended to attract convention visitors and tourists, celebrate Indianapolis' community and cultural heritage, and contribute to public health.  Similar dedicated pedestrian pathways have been developed in other American cities.  For instance, Delray Beach Florida's Cultural Loop examines the community's 20th-century multicultural heritage; Boston's Freedom Trail examines its Revolutionary War history; Minneapolis' Midtown Greenway plans to integrate public art; and New York's Battery Park Esplanade and Chicago's Lakefront Trail are urban bike and jogging trails.  Indianapolis' Cultural Trail ambitiously aspires to do all of these things:  Indianapolis' continuous loop Trail will present public art, introduce visitors to community history, and encourage exercise, so in many ways Indianapolis' trail will be quite distinctive.

 

Bethel AME Chrch today An essential component of the Cultural Trail project is an exploration and interpretation of community history along the Trail's path ringing the city's original Mile Square layout.  Along West Street, for instance, the Trail passes through the heart of the African-American community, Military Park, and the earliest Greek immigrant community in Indianapolis.  Contemporary descendants and the IUPUI community share a commitment to documenting and publicly sharing this rich heritage.   In coming years we hope to conduct similar work in other neighborhoods along the Trail.  In the Trail's southeastern corner, for instance, sits Fountain Square, which was southside Indianapolis' primary commercial district and home to a rich European immigrant community.  The northern reach of the Trail is planned to extend along Massachusetts Avenue, which is now home to the city's art and theatre district.  All of these areas can provide interesting insights into the city's complex heritage.

The driving force for the development of this project is the Central Indiana Community Foundation and the Indianapolis Office of Cultural Tourism.  These agencies share IUPUI's commitment to civic engagement, and all of the involved faculty (Melissa Bingmann, Owen Dwyer, Paul Mullins, Jeffrey Wilson, and David Vanderstel) and Project Coordinator Chris Glidden conduct applied, community-based research.  Consequently, research on the Cultural Trail is an ideal collaborative project among the city, community, and University scholars.

 

Project Research Overview

We focused this first year’s research on the near-Westside area from the National Road (Washington Street) to the Walker Theatre, an expanse that includes the Central Canal, Military Park, Bethel African-Methodist-Episcopal Church (shown above), Indiana Avenue, and IUPUI.  This demographically complex stretch of West Street has been home to, among other groups, White Hoosier, Irish-American, African-American, and Greek-American residents over more than 150 years.  Many of their descendants remain residents of the city today.  Since this stretch of West Street is home to IUPUI, thousands of students, staff, and campus visitors stream along this stretch of the Trail on any given day.  The Cultural Trail is designed to direct visitors to oft-ignored neighborhoods such as ours, and the Trail’s proximity to IUPUI will allow students and the campus community to discover this very history and establish relationships with contemporary descendant communities.  Using the West Street trail as a model, we hope to expand the project to include classes and research focused on other Trail neighborhoods like Fountain Square.

The project began with standard demographic research, such as census inventories, city directory surveys, and reviews of historic maps.  These records provide a clear and systematic demographic picture of the West Street corridor.  For instance, student Sarah Cole surveyed the city directories and made a record of all businesses within what is now numbered the 500 block of Indiana Avenue (pictured right in 1914).  Sarah's Indiana Avenue business inventory found that restaurants and saloons were the most common enterprises in the 500 block between 1890 and 1930, but the single block was also home to groceries, dry goods stores, and specialty stores ranging from confectionaries to shoemakers. 

Above: In 1914, this Sanborn Insurance map showed the 500 block of Indiana Avenue jammed with businesses:  restaurants, saloons, theaters, and drug stores lined one of the Avenue's busiest blocks.

 

In Fall 2004 Amanda Jones, Bethany Natali, Heidi Hoopingarner, and Nancy Germano completed an ambitious proposal for public historical presentations along the Cultural Trail.  This work was done in their Public History course taught by Project Member Melissa Bingmann; click Cultural Trail Proposal for a Word version of their report.  The students prepared a report that outlined the area’s basic historical background, outlined issues with particular neighborhood significance, and developed a project description in which they outlined a plan for how this portion of the Trail could be interpreted with public art projects, an oral history book, and walking tours and signage.  They interviewed community members, conducted groundwork bibliographic research and surveyed available historical materials.  Based on this they identified four central themes that they argue should be considered in any future Trail interpretation:  Entrepreneurship, social change, community spirit, and diversity.  They proposed that near-Westside community members and researchers believe that these issues are at the heart of the neighborhood’s cultural and historical experience and distinguish this area from many of those through which the Cultural Trail will pass.  The students developed detailed plans for how kiosks and other physical mechanisms could be placed along the Trail to present community history, and they outlined the likely expense of such construction.  Their report also included potential interdisciplinary programs that could be developed for K-12 students using the specific resources along West Street.  For instance, they suggested that school groups visiting the Trail could visit Bethel AME to examine the Church’s place in the Underground Railroad, examining the social context in which enslavement and the Railroad emerged, the length of time it took “passengers” to travel north on the system, and the complex system of trust and betrayal that marks relationships of power and racial inequality.  They proposed that future research should build on oral histories conducted in the community, and there are now plans to conduct such oral historical research in Spring 2005 that could be extended into other neighborhoods as the ICP team turns its attention to communities such as Fountain Square.

1914 Sanborn with building projections aerial view with 1914 buildings
Above:  This 1914 Sanborn insurance map shows one of the blocks along the Cultural Trail route.  Maps like this are being produced by Jeff Wilson's Introduction to GIS class (Geography 338/538) showing where buildings once stood in the project area.  The GIS map is projected here onto the 1914 map showing alleys and homes in the block, which is now a surface parking lot.  The block above (bordered by New York, California, Vermont, and Blackwell Streets) was home to about 25 households as well as the New Century Biscuit Company (at the 1 above) and Merritt Place Methodist Episcopal Church (2 above). Above: This aerial view shows the same block in 2001, when the Informatics and Communications Technology Complex was under construction in the upper right of this picture.  The Cultural Trail route along West Street is along the right side of this map.  The Intro to GIS class' map developed from the 1914 Sanborn map is projected here onto the aerial view.

 

Students in Jeff Wilson's Intro to GIS course (G338) participated in the Cultural Heritage Trail Project by creating digital maps of a portion of the proposed trail from historic Sanborn maps.  Students geo-referenced the 1914 Sanborn map then digitized building footprints for all structures on the block bordered Blackford and West Streets (E/W) and Michigan and New York Streets (N/S).  Students also added attributes to the associated database from the Sanborn maps (e.g., number of stories, house number and street, and structure type: residential, commercial, etc.).  A graduate student in Wilson's Seminar in Geographic Information Science course (G639) expanded on the work completed by the G338 students by updating the digital building foot print map to account for changes between 1914 and 1920.  We hope to eventually link the historic census data to the digital maps to visualize the spatial and temporal patterns of socioeconomic variables from the censuses.  

 

Year

White

Black/Mulatto

1880

210 (.86)

 

34 (.14)

1900

214 (.92)

 

19 (.08)

1910

208 (.66)

 

106 (.34)

1920

313 (.49)

 

318 (.51)

Matt D'Amico's Anthropology Senior Project surveyed the census and recorded all the residents who lived on West Street between Washington Street and Indiana Avenue in the period 1880-1920.  Throughout this period West Street was home to a vast range of people, including migrants hailing from typical departure points like Germany and Ireland as well as more distinctive places including South Africa, Panama, and Nassau.  However, as in most of the near-Westside, Hoosiers were always predominant.  The biggest shift came in 1920, when Blacks born in Kentucky accounted for 122 of the 596 West Street residents (20.4% of the population).  Because of an influx of African Americans from the Upper South, the 1920 census was the first population census to clearly register the impact of the Great Migration on Indianapolis.  African Americans had lived throughout the near-Westside since the 1840's, and migration waves after the Civil War and again at the turn of the century had boosted African-American populations in many neighborhoods, but the exodus from the South after 1910 was perhaps the biggest wave of African-American migration to Indianapolis and other points north.  This is clear in the racial demographics along West Street:  In 1910, Blacks accounted for nearly a third of the population on West Street, and in 1920 they were a population majority on West Street for the first time.  A very similar shift happened in the neighborhoods along West Street in Ransom Place and the present-day IUPUI campus, with slightly earlier population increases in the neighborhoods nearest to Indiana Avenue.  The 1920 census found a wider range of European and African-American migrants on West Street than any earlier census, indicating that the neighborhood had considerable ethnic diversity in the wake of World War I.
Birthplace (1880)
White
Black/Mulatto
Total
Indiana
94
12
106
Ohio
27
0
27
Kentucky
12
7
19
Germany
14
0
14
North Carolina
3
6
9
New York
8
0
8
Virginia
0
7
7
Tennessee
4
0
4
Pennsylvania
5
0
5
Illinois
5
0
5
Maryland
5
0
5
France
4
0
4
Massachusetts
3
0
3
Two residents: MO, VT, NJ, NH, and England/Scotland
2
0
10
One resident: IO, Mexico, Nassau
1
0
3
Birthplace (1900)
White
Black/Mulatto
Total
Indiana
116
3
119
Kentucky
4
7
11
Germany
10
0
10
Pennsylvania
10
0
10
Ohio
10
0
10
Canada
9
0
9
Illinois
4
2
6
England/Scotland
5
0
5
New York
4
0
4
Kansas
3
1
4
Ireland
4
0
4
Italy
4
0
4
Hungary
4
0
4
Austria
3
0
3
Unknown
2
0
2
Virginia
1
0
1
Texas
0
1
1
Maryland
1
0
1
Missouri
0
1
1
Michigan
1
0
1

Birthplace (1910)
White
Black/Mulatto
Total
Indiana
146
24
170
Kentucky
6
36
42
Tennessee
0
24
24
Ohio
7
4
11
Ireland
10
0
10
Germany
6
0
6
England
5
0
5
Russia
5
0
5
Alabama
0
4
4
New York
3
0
3
Canada
2
1
3
Austria
2
0
2
Italy
2
0
2
Kansas
2
0
2
Pennsylvania
2
0
2
Virginia
1
0
1
Michigan
1
0
1
Georgia
0
1
1
North Carolina
0
1
1
South Africa
1
0
1

 

Birthplace (1920)
White
Black/Mulatto
Total
Indiana
176
97
273
Kentucky
10
122
132
Tennessee
3
30
33
Ohio
12
10
22
Missouri
1
19
20
Alabama
0
17
17
Georgia
1
12
13
Illinois
12
0
12
England
11
0
11
North Carolina
1
8
9
Ireland
7
0
7
Greece/Macedonia
6
0
6
Virginia
1
4
5
Iowa
5
0
5
South Carolina
1
3
4
Bulgaria
4
0
4
Serbia
3
0
3
Unknown
3
0
3
Rhode Island
2
0
2
Texas
1
1
2
Michigan
1
1
2
Romania
2
0
2
Kansas
0
1
1
Wisconsin
1
0
1
Oklahoma
1
0
1
West Virginia
1
0
1
Pennsylvania
1
0
1
Germany
1
0
1
Austria
1
0
1
Mexico
1
0
1
Panama
1
0
1

 

 

Anthropology student Craig Lee conducted three one-hour oral histories with members of Bethel AME Church, which is perhaps the most prominent institution in the African-American near-Westside and lies directly along the Trail’s path.  Craig and the project member overseeing this project, Paul Mullins, met with Pastor John Lambert in September to discuss the Cultural trail and our proposed project.  The Pastor identified three congregants as oral history subjects who could speak about the Church’s long-term social position in the community as well as ways in which the Church might be represented in historical and public artistic interpretations along the Trail.  The one-hour interviews were conducted in November and subsequently transcribed for review by the research subjects.  The transcripts will be placed in the University Archives for access by community members and scholars, and a full final transcript will be placed on file with Bethel AME.  This oral historical project was scheduled for Spring 2005, but because we completed the interviews more rapidly than expected we have decided to expand the project.  We anticipate placing all oral history transcripts on the ICP web page after they are reviewed by research subjects.

 

ICP Projects

 

In Summer 2005 we will prepare a summary report of the team’s year one research.  This report will include all historical background research, oral histories, and summaries of the project’s individual elements, including map and computer graphic research, demographic patterns, and the results and experiences of each individual and class assignment developed during the project’s first year.  This will be provided to all community partners and internal University sources for their feedback.  The course evaluations for all classes that conducted formal work on the project will be included with this report (or included as an addendum if they are processed too late for inclusion).  Each team member will provide a formal evaluation of the learning goals they had for each exercise related to the project, and they will be expected to assess how those goals were addressed.  As in the Fall, any completed independent student projects will be summarized in the report by the student and assessed by their faculty mentor on the project team.  This report will include a formal outline of the proposed activities for the project’s second year and outline the specific contributions that will be made by each team member.  We anticipate following a similar written report structure in subsequent years.

 

We will report on project research on this page throughout the year.  Contact Project Coordinator Chris Glidden or any of the team members if you have any questions about the research project.

 

INDIANA AVENUE BUSINESS INVENTORIES, 1890-1930

 

1890 Businesses

 

 

 

 

1895 Businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

150

William John

News Dealer

 

150

Wilford H Miner

Cigars & Tobacco

 

 

 

h 237 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

151

John M Myers

Physician

 

 

151

Richardson & Richardson

Saloon

 

 

 

b Bates Home

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

154 1/2

K William Schwartz

Dry Goods

 

153

Bernhardt Waller

Boots & Shoe Makers

 

 

h 185 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

155

Richard W Wells

Saloon

 

 

154

James B Averett

Barber

 

 

 

 

h 176 Minerva

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

158

Daniel Dunn

Notions- Retail

 

155

Frank Brown

Saloon

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

161

Scott & Quinn

Barbers

 

 

156

Mack Kauffman

Boots & Shoe Makers

 

 

 

Andrew J Scott

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b 162 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

159

George W St Clair

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

William M Quinn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 325 W 2nd St

 

 

161

Bartlett Finley

Second Hand Goods

 

 

164

Parker & Co.

Boots & Shoes- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James R Parker

 

 

162

Edward Sowders

Oysters, Fish, & Game

 

 

 

h 168 Douglass

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gustav Neermann

 

 

163

Moss & Franklin

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

h 55 Oak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

166

Shores & Tevis

Poultry Dealers

 

164

Fannie Fishbein

Tinner

 

 

 

 

 

Joseph B Shores

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r same address

 

 

165

James A Stewart

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

Joseph Tevis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 34 Howard

 

 

170

Everroad & Prunk

Hardware- Retail

 

 

167

Charles F F Locke

Fish- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b 54 Rhode Island

 

 

 

172

Minie Lich

 

Millinery- Retail

 

 

171

Newton Davis

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

175

Edward Roberts

Plumber

 

 

 

172

Morris Posner

Tailor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

178

Samuel Gelman

Clothing - Retail

 

 

174

William Vanderwood

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

181

Louisa Phillips

Restaurant

 

 

177

Porter & Roberts

Grocer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beverly Porter

 

 

183

William Wardrup

Meat Market

 

 

 

 

h 364 W 2nd St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edward Roberts

 

 

184

Cassius M C Willis

Funeral Director

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

178

Rudolph Banner

Saloon

 

 

185

John Conn

Furniture Manufacturer

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

180

William A Mays

Barber

 

 

186

Anthony Haag

Boots & Shoes- Retail

 

181

Louisa Phillips

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 187 1/2

Indiana Ave

 

 

188

Erastus O South

Harness & Saddle Manufacturer

 

183

Samuel Geyer

Flour & Feed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 198 W 5th St

 

 

 

190

James Craig

Millinery- Retail

 

 

184

Milton S Gordon

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

191

Valentine Keifer

Grocer-Retail

 

 

185

K William Schwartz

Clothing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

192

Eliz. Kleinschmidt

Baker

 

 

 

186

Ira Griffin

 

Furnishing Goods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

187

Charles Girton

Funeral Director

 

196

Gustave Pink

Grocer- Retail

Saloon

 

 

h 45 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

188

E Oliver South

Saddles

 

 

199

John Heinlein

Saloon

 

 

 

 

b 17 Virginia Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

189

Nathan Ball

Second Hand Goods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 273 W North St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

190

Jane Craig

Dry Goods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 515 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

191

Otto Belzer

Grocer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 341 N California

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

191

Levi L Wentling

Dry Goods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 24 1/2 Kentucky Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

192

Henry Kleinschmidt

Baker- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

199

William Hindel

Saloon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1900 Businesses

 

 

 

 

1905 Businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

502-504

Lewis C Hayes

Druggist

 

 

502

Lewis C Hayes

Druggist

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

507

Albert Ward

Billiard Hall

 

 

507

Alexander C Richardson

Saloon

 

509

Charles Watkins

Restaurant

 

 

 

h 441 W St Clair St

 

 

 

 

h rear 526 N Missouri

 

 

 

509

Rhodes & Bowman

Billiards

 

 

512

Joseph Barrish

Shoemaker

 

 

 

 

Harry Rhodes

 

 

513

Anna A Smothers

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

h 515 Indiana Ave

 

 

517

Charles Brown

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

Archibald Bowman

 

 

 

h 508 Roanoke

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 515 Indiana Ave

 

 

519

James E Smith

Second Hand Goods

 

 

510

Charles Medias

Clothing Retailer

 

 

h 711 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

510

Charles Medias

Clothing- Retail

 

 

511

Moss & Franklin

Barber

 

 

 

h 516 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

Albert R Moss

 

 

516

Joseph Tarlsies

Clothing- Retail

 

 

 

 

h 338 N Missouri

 

 

520

Harry N Dunnington

Cigars & Tobacco- Retail

 

 

 

Jeremiah Franklin

 

 

 

h 407 W North St

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 422 Toledo

 

 

523

Everett & Carr

Coal, Wood, and Coke

 

514

James W Sutherland

Tailor

 

 

 

 

Gilbert A Everett

 

 

 

 

h 320 Merrill

 

 

 

 

 

h 1205 Newman

 

 

 

516

Harry Kauffman

Saloon

 

 

 

 

Silas Carr

 

 

 

 

 

h 512 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

h 1225 Hout Ave

 

 

 

517

Hatch & Green

Barbers

 

 

526

Vanderwood & Seaton

Restaurant

 

 

 

Robert Hatch

 

 

 

 

William Vanderwood

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

r same address

 

 

 

 

 

Joseph Green

 

 

 

 

Lawson Seaton

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

r 540 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

520

Vanderwood & Pinkston

Cigars - Retailer

527

Robert B Parker

Saloon

 

 

 

 

 

William Vanderwood

 

 

530

Abram Silberstein

Tailor

 

 

 

 

 

h 526 Indiana Ave

 

 

531

Samuel Geyer

Flour & Feed- Retail

 

 

 

 

Alfred Pinkston

 

 

 

h 372 W 14th St

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

532

John Watkins

Restaurant

 

 

524

Nathan Yankuner

Clothing Retailer

 

 

h 611 W North St

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

533

Louisa Harris

Restaurant

 

 

527

James Vaughn

Saloon

 

 

534

Smith, Carter & Alonzo

Confectioners

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

Salonzo Smith

 

 

 

530

Abram Silberstein

Tailor

 

 

 

 

h 813 N California

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

Carter Smith

 

 

 

531

Sammuel Geyer

Flour & Feed- Retail

 

 

 

h 813 N California

 

 

 

 

h 372 W 14th St

 

 

 

535

Sing Hang

Laundry

 

 

 

532

Lawrence & Williams

Restaurant

 

536

Cassius M C Willis

Funeral Director

 

 

 

 

Nelson Lawrence

 

 

 

h 517 N California St

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 642 N Missouri

 

 

538

Isadore Latker

Grocer- Retail

 

 

 

 

Emmanuel Williams

 

 

 

542 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 536 Roanoke

 

 

539

John W Crenshaw

Horseshoer

 

 

533

Louisa Harris

Restaurant

 

 

h 605 Douglass

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

540

William H Baxter

Bicycle Dealer

 

 

534

Reed & Robinson

Confectioners

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

William J Reed

 

 

541

Edward F Ford

Saloon

 

 

 

 

 

h 629 W St Clair St

 

 

 

h 405 West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grant U Robinson

 

 

542

Max P Kauffman

Dry Goods

 

 

 

 

h 525 N California St

 

 

 

h 542 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

536

Cassius MC Willis

Undertaker

 

543

Katherine Baxter

Restaurant

 

 

 

h 517 N California St

 

 

 

544

Gustav Pink

Saloon

 

 

 

541

Edward F Ford

Cigars- Retail

 

 

h 832 N Capital Ave

 

 

 

 

 

b 913 Camp St

 

 

 

545

Charles O Dodson

Grocer- Retail

 

 

542

Moses Levinson

Dry Goods Retail

 

 

b 520 W 16th St

 

 

 

 

 

h 707 N West St

 

 

 

547

Benjamin F Kennedy

Barber

 

 

 

543

Hamilton Rankins

Builder/Contractor

 

 

h 511 W North St

 

 

 

 

 

h 712 Muskingum

 

 

 

551

Frederick Kroeckel

Saloon

 

 

 

545

Otha F Calvin

Grocers-Retail

 

 

h 429 N Pine

 

 

 

 

 

h 436 W New York St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

551

John Heinlein

Saloon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1910 Businesses

 

 

 

 

 

1915 Businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

North St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

501

Charles W Miller

Saloon

 

 

 

434

Jacob Solotken

Junk Dealer

 

 

b 708 Roanoke

 

 

 

 

 

h 1130 S Capital Ave

 

 

 

504

Wolf Davis

Men's Furnishings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 649 N West St

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

505

William H Fielding

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

506

Ezra A Heyser

Oyster, Fish & Game

 

501

Richard L Bruner

Saloon

 

 

 

h 508 W Michigan St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

508

Morris & Harris

Billiard Hall

 

 

 

h 8, 704 N Noble

 

 

 

 

 

Bristoe Morris

 

 

 

502

Otto D Ferger

Druggist- Retail

 

 

 

h 508 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

b 1029 N Capital Ave

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Harris

 

 

 

503

Wilson L Mullins

Restaurant

 

 

 

h 5, 467 Roanoke

 

 

 

 

b 529 W Michigan St

 

 

 

509

Harry N Dunnington

Dryers & Cleaners

 

 

504

Wolf Davis

Men's Furnishings / Pawnbroker

 

h 607 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

h 649 N West St

 

 

 

510

Charles Medias

Second Hand Goods

 

 

506

Charles R Webster

Oysters, Fish & Game

511

Thomas H Johnson

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

b 980 W Washington St

 

 

 

h 1431 E 12th St

 

 

 

 

507

Harry Miller

Saloon

 

 

514

James Nicholson

Barber

 

 

 

 

b 627 Russell Ave

 

 

 

 

h 836 Fayetter

 

 

 

 

508

Miller & Holden

Cleaners

 

 

515

Nancy A Smothers

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

Stephen R Miller

 

 

516

Louis Caplan

Shoemaker

 

 

 

 

b same address

 

 

519

Benjamin Young

Cigars- Retail / Shoe Shining Parlor

 

 

Vernor P Holden

 

 

 

r 515 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 446 Indiana Ave

 

 

520

George Patterson

Restaurant

 

 

510

Charles Medias

Pawnbroker

 

521

Geye Lew Theater

 

 

 

 

 

h 721 N Alabama

 

 

 

522

Charles Burnsten

Saloon

 

 

 

511

Samuel L Drake

Tailor

 

 

 

h 1122 S Capital Ave

 

 

 

 

 

h 804 n California St

 

 

 

524

Wililam Loving

Billiard Hall

 

 

514

William H Skelton

Barber

 

 

 

h 622 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

h 711 N California St

 

 

 

526

George W Miller

Oysters, Fish, & Game

 

515

Nancy A Smothers

Restaurant

 

 

r 432 N California St

 

 

 

 

516

Louis Caplan

Shoemaker

 

526 1/2

William Vanderwood

Restaurant

 

 

 

h 542 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

527

Robert Parker

Saloon

 

 

 

517

Joseph Taylor

Barber

 

 

 

h 525 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

518 1/2

Charles Coleman

Furnished Rooms

 

528

Robert Caplan

Shoemaker

 

 

 

h 426 N Toledo

 

 

 

 

h 648 Eddy

 

 

 

 

519

Timothy Ousley

Theater

 

 

531

Roland S Geyer

Flour & Feed- Retail

 

 

522

Charles Burnsten

Saloon

 

 

 

h 372 W 14th St

 

 

 

 

 

h 921 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

534-536

C M C Willis

Funeral Director

 

 

523

Samuel L Drake

 

 

 

 

h 517 N California St

 

 

 

 

 

h 804 n California St

 

 

 

534 1/2

William E White

Dentist

 

 

 

524

The Columbia

Amusements

 

535

Moy Sing

 

Laundry

 

 

 

525

Lewis A Glazier

Billiard Hall

 

537

Exum H Johnson

Barber

 

 

 

 

h 1, 213 W North St

 

 

 

538

Isadore Latker

Grocer- Retail

 

 

526

Nicholas D Hantzis

Restaurant

 

 

h 544 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

h 145 S Belmont Ave

 

 

 

540

Samuel Jacobs

Tailor

 

 

 

527

Phillip Lytle

Saloon

 

 

541

Andrew L Burley

Saloon

 

 

 

 

h 752 W Walnut St

 

 

 

 

r 307 Ellsworth

 

 

 

 

528

Rubin Caplan

Shoemaker

 

541

Graham & Roberts

Restaurant

 

 

530

Todd & Hightower

Restaurant

 

 

 

Samuel Graham

 

 

 

 

 

Wiliam P Todd

 

 

 

 

Simpson Roberts

 

 

 

 

 

h 809 Fayette

 

 

 

 

b same address

 

 

 

 

 

Oscar V Hightower

 

 

542

Max P Kauffman

Dry Goods- Retail

 

 

 

 

h 518 W 42nd St

 

 

 

h 704 N West St

 

 

 

 

531

Isadore Latker

Grocer- Retail

 

544

Gustav Pink

Saloon

 

 

 

 

h 24, 301 W Vermont

 

 

 

h 3, 838 N Capital Ave

 

 

 

532

Harrison & Wilson

Saloon

 

 

550

Julius Pink

Physician

 

 

 

 

 

Charles A Harrison

 

 

 

b 3, 838 N Capital Ave

 

 

 

 

 

h 864 W Walnut

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Wilson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h same address

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

533

Phil Lytle

 

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 752 W Walnut

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

536

William Freeman

Meat Market

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 7, 215 W North St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

537

John Floyd

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 537 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

538

Max Geller

Grocer- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 442 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

540

Max Kauffman

Dry Goods- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 706 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

541

John T Reynolds

Saloon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 570 Jones

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

543

Hubert Williams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

544

Gustav Pink

Saloon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h F, 147 W 22nd St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

545

Dodson & Sehrt

Grocer- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charles O Dodson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 434 W New York St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clarence Sehrt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 432 W New York St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1920 Businesses

 

 

 

 

1925 Businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North Street

 

 

 

 

North Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

401

William Malone

Soft Drinks

 

419

Willard Ty;er

Cleaners

 

 

 

 

h 624 N Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

r 436 N California St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

420

George E Coston

Furniture Repair

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

h 932 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

501

Monroe Buford

Barber

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 223 W ST Clair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

502

Otto D Ferger

Barber

 

 

501

Monroe Buford

Barber

 

 

 

 

r 2134 N Meridian St

 

 

 

 

h 802 W 27th St

 

 

 

 

503

Lena Saunders

Hair Dresser

 

502

Otto D Ferger

Druggist

 

 

 

504

Louis Fogel

Clothing- Retail

 

 

r 2134 N Meridian St

 

 

 

 

506

Roy Peak

 

Oyster, Fish & Game

504

Louis Fogel

Pawnbroker

 

 

 

h 1619 Cornell Ave

 

 

 

 

h 2458 N Talbott

 

 

 

 

507

George Rogohoff

Billiard Room

 

506-508

Charled Medias

Shoes- Retail

 

 

 

r 503 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

h 721 N Delaware

 

 

 

 

508

Archie young

Cleaners

 

 

507

Christopher Vulchoff

Billiards

 

 

 

509 1/2

Jesse L Jones

Restaurant

 

 

r 310 W Michigan St

 

 

 

 

510-512

Chas (Charles?) Medisa

Clothing- Retail

509

Harry Cohen

 

 

 

 

 

h 721 N Delaware St

 

 

 

 

h 29, 3720  N Pennnsylvania St

 

 

 

513

Pioneer Theater

 

 

 

513

Hortense Theater

 

 

 

 

 

 

William T Smith

 

 

514

James L Nicholson

barber

 

 

 

 

 

r 2214 Martha

 

 

 

h 830 Fayette

 

 

 

 

515

Arthur Lasley

Restaurant

 

516

Brown Bros.

Cleaners

 

 

 

 

h 318 N Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

 

Frank F Brown

 

 

 

516

Louis Caplin

Shoemaker

 

 

 

h 844 Camp St

 

 

 

 

h 436 W New York St

 

 

 

 

Charles J Brown

 

 

 

518-520

The Indianapolis Recorder

 

 

 

 

h 848 N California

 

 

 

 

 

George P Stewart

 

 

516 1/2

Charles Coleman

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 1138 Fayette

 

 

518   

The Indianapolis Recorder

Newspaper

 

519

Sablosky & Robbins

Dry Goods- Retail

 

 

 

Fannie B Stewart

 

 

 

 

 

David L Sablosky

 

 

519   

Wilbert L Tyler

Shoe Shining Parlor

 

 

 

 

r 1208 Ashland Ave

 

 

 

r 436 N California St

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isaac Robbins

 

 

521   

Washington Theater

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 1350 Union

 

 

522   

Archie Young

Soft Drinks

 

 

521

Washington Theater

 

 

 

 

h 923 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emsirdell S Stone

 

 

530   

Archie Young

Billiards

 

 

 

 

 

h 919 N West St

 

 

 

h 923 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

524

Nick D Hantzis

Confectioner- Retail

 

532   

Archie Young

Restaurant

 

 

 

h 145 S Belmont Ave

 

 

 

 

jh 923 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

525-527

George Gray

Chili Parlor

 

534

Noah C Allen

Barber

 

 

 

 

r 429 N Blackford St

 

 

 

 

h 4, 927 Paca St

 

 

 

 

530

William P Todd

Restaurant

 

534 1/2

William E White

Dentist

 

 

 

 

h 809 Fayette

 

 

 

535   

Willie Moy

Laundry

 

 

 

531

Isadore Latker

Meat Dealer

 

536   

W L Mullins

Restaurant

 

 

 

h 24, 301 W Vermont St

 

 

 

r 612 N Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

532

Miller & Holden

Cleaners

 

 

538

Edward W S Hamond

Shoemaker

 

 

 

Vernon Holden

 

 

 

r 450 N Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 2, 635 N West St

 

 

539

Minnie Floyd

Hair Dresser

 

 

 

 

Stephen Miller

 

 

 

h 535 1/2 indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

r 532 Indiana Ave

 

 

541 1/2

Fernie King

Dentist

 

 

 

534

Tyler Bros

 

Barbers

 

 

 

r 866 W 26th St

 

 

 

 

 

 

John W Tyler

 

 

541 1/2

Ethel Launderman

Hair Dresser

 

 

 

 

r 525 W Michigan St

 

 

 

r 479 W 25th St

 

 

 

 

 

 

Willard L Tyler

 

 

545

Max Geller

Meat Dealer

 

 

 

 

r 525 W Michigan St

 

 

 

h 547 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

534 1/2

William White

Dentist

 

 

547

Haag Bros.

Hardware- Retail

 

 

536

Wilson L Mullins

Restaurant

 

 

 

Anthony J Haag

 

 

 

 

r 617 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

r 838 N West St

 

 

 

537

John Floyd

Barber

 

 

 

 

John F Haag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 838 N West St

 

 

 

538-542

Max P Kauffman

Department Store

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 1938 Central Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

539

Minnie Floyd

Hair Dresser

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

543

Adam Paulos

Confectioner- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 524 W New York St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

547

Haag Bros.

Hardware- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John F Haag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 833 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthony J Haag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 838 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

550

Harry O Gocke

Druggist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 3022 Fall Creek Blvd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930 Businesses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North Street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

435

William Lee

Billiard Room

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 545 N Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indiana Avenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

502

Otto D Ferger

Druggist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 2134 N Meridian St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

506-508

Charles Medias

Clothing- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 721 N Delaware St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

507

Dixon & Dixon

Billiard Room

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Claude Dixon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 319 Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wililam Dixon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 319 N Senate Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

510

Mrs Elizabeth Lasley

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 434 N Blackford St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

512

Hawkins Bros

Plumbers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Hawkins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 707 S Illinois St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coleman Hawkins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 409 W 26th St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

514

James L Nicholson

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 825 N West St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

515

Hortense Bowman

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 515 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

526

Nicholas D Hantzis

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 3642 Winthrop Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

530

Abrams & Riley

Billiard Room

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Abrams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 716 Fayette

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Norman Riley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

533

Charles Yee

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 533 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

534

Johnson & Deery

Billiard Room

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William Johnson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 1823 N Capital Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William H Deery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b 840 N California St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

535

Willia Moy

Laundry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 535 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

536

Wilson L Mullins

Restaurant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

r 440 W Michigan St

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

537

John Floyd

Barber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 535 1/2 Indiana Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

538

Ernest L Roberts

Fish- Retail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h 2240 Ashland Ave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

539

Minnie Floyd

Beauty Shop