Granted By: Indiana University
Academic Unit: IU School of Medicine
Degree(s): Bachelor of Science
Overview: Description of the Profession Cytotechnology is a medical laboratory specialty in which microscopic studies of exfoliated, abraded, and aspirated cells from the human body are performed. The cytotechnologist studies cell samples from various body sites to detect cellular changes indicative of cancer. In providing a means of early detection, cytology makes possible the early diagnosis of cancer, thus increasing the chances of a cure. Cytology also serves as a prognostic tool during the course of cancer treatment programs. In addition, it aids in establishing the diagnosis of benign disease processes, such as endocrine disorders, and in detecting some pathogenic microorganisms.